contrary

  常用词汇  
['kɒntrəri]     ['kɑːntreri]    
  • adj. 相反的;截然不同的;执拗的
  • n. 反面;相反
contrarily contrariness contraries
new

contrary的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 相反的,截然不同的,完全相反的
  2. 不利的
  3. 逆向的
  4. 乖戾的,别扭的,格格不入的
  5. 对立的,相对立的, 与之相异的
  6. 固执的,执拗的
  7. 矛盾的
  8. 对抗的
  9. 反对的
  10. 乖张的
  11. 【植】直角的
n. (名词)
  1. 反面,对立面,对立的一方
  2. (恰恰)相反, 与此相反,正相反
  3. 相反的事物, 对立物
  4. 相反的事实
  5. 反对
  6. 矛盾
  7. 【逻】反对令题
  8. 对立
adv. (副词)
  1. 相反地
  2. 反对地, 作对地
  3. 反方向地
  4. 反之亦然

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 相反的,相违的 opposite in nature, tendency or direction
n. (名词)
  1. [S]相反,反面,对立面 the opposite

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a relation of direct opposition;

    "we thought Sue was older than Bill but just the reverse was true"

  2. exact opposition;

    "public opinion to the contrary he is not guilty"

  3. a logical relation such that two propositions are contraries if both cannot be true but both can be false

Adjective:
  1. very opposed in nature or character or purpose;

    "acts contrary to our code of ethics"
    "the facts point to a contrary conclusion"

  2. of words or propositions so related that both cannot be true but both may be false;

    "`hot' and `cold' are contrary terms"

  3. resistant to guidance or discipline;

    "Mary Mary quite contrary"
    "an obstinate child with a violent temper"
    "a perverse mood"
    "wayward behavior"

  4. in an opposing direction;

    "adverse currents"
    "a contrary wind"

contrary的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Hot and cold are contrary terms.
    热与冷是相反的词语。
  2. My sister's taste in dresses is contrary to my own.
    在服装方面,我妹妹的爱好和我完全不同。
  3. Mrs. Smith is too contrary to make friends easily.
    史密斯太太过于固执而不易交朋友。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Cruelty is the contrary of kindness.
    残忍是仁慈的反面。
  2. On the contrary,I have tons of things to do.
    正相反,我有一大堆事要做。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. “Black” and “white” are contrary terms.
    黑和白是两个相对的概念。
  2. He has a contrary opinion.
    他持相反意见。
  3. Our sailboat was delayed by contrary wind.
    我们的帆船被逆风所阻而延迟。
  4. Oranges won't grow in contrary climate.
    柑橘在不利的气候条件下不能生长。
n. +~
  1. She can swim in a direction contrary to the current.
    她能在逆流中游泳。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. He was asked to leave kindergarten for being contrary.
    因为脾气犟,不让他上幼儿园了。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. My sister's taste in dresses is contrary to my own.
    在服装方面,我妹妹的爱好和我完全不同。
  2. The result is contrary to expectation.
    结果跟预料的恰好相反。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. They did not say the contrary.
    他们没有说意思相反的话。
  2. An examination of the facts proves the contrary.
    仔细考察事实后,发现情况正好相反。
  3. He is neither tall nor the contrary.
    他不高也不矮。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
on the contrary
    (与此)相反,正相反 the opposite is true; not at all
to the contrary
    有相反情况,相反的 indicating or proving the opposite

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 介词+~

经典引文

  • Artificial perfumes were contrary to her tastes.

    出自: C. Beaton
  • A passionate struggle raging between two contrary impulses.

    出自: B. Bettelheim

contrary的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj. (形容词)
  1. contrary用作形容词时,基本意思是“相反的,相违的”,指在性质、倾向或方向等上与某事物或某人完全相反的,引申可表示“逆风的,不利的,不作美的,不合人意的”; 亦可作“顽固的,固执的,倔强的”解,此时发音为[kən'treəri] 。
n. (名词)
  1. contrary用作名词时,多和定冠词the连用且用单数形式,表示“相反,反面,对立面”。

词义辨析

adj. (形容词)
contrary, opposite
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“相反的”。其区别在于:
  • 1.opposite指位置、方向、性质、意义等对立、相反,不一定有对抗的意味,强调分离。
  • 2.contrary指“对立的”,常有对抗的含义,强调敌对矛盾和冲突。例如:
  • I am of a contrary opinion.我有相反的意见。
  • n. (名词)
    on the contrary, on the other hand
  • 前者用于表示相反的意见,强调否认或反驳; 而后者用于说明问题的另一方面,即“另一方面,但是,然而”。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪中期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的contrarius,意为矛盾的,对抗的。
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