['bækɡraʊnd]     ['bækɡraʊnd]    
  • n. 背景;经历;幕后;后景
  • vt. 提供背景



n. (名词)
  1. 背景
  2. 经历,出身,出身背景,身世经历,门第
  3. 【纺织】底子
  4. 幕后
  5. 【美术】背景,后景
  6. 远因
  7. 背景资料,基本情况
  8. 【无线电】干扰杂音,杂音
  9. 背景音乐;衬托音乐;伴音
  10. 隐蔽的地位
  11. 知识
v. (动词)
  1. 提供背景
  2. 作…的背景,以…为衬托


n. (名词)
  1. [C]后景;背景 the part of a picture or pattern that is behind the main people or thing in it
  2. [C]底色;底花; 底子 a colour or design on which sth is painted, drawn, etc.
  3. [C]出身背景;学历;经历 the details of a person's family, education, experience, etc.;the type of family, social position or culture that sb comes from
  4. [U][C](事态发展等的)背景 the circumstances or past events which help explain why sth is how it is ; information about these
  5. [S]不显眼的位置;幕后 a position in which people are not paying attention to sb/sth or not as much attention as they are paying to sb/sth else


  1. a person's social heritage: previous experience or training;

    "he is a lawyer with a sports background"

  2. the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground;

    "he posed her against a background of rolling hills"

  3. information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem;

    "the embassy filled him in on the background of the incident"

  4. extraneous signals that can be confused with the phenomenon to be observed or measured;

    "they got a bad connection and could hardly hear one another over the background signals"

  5. relatively unimportant or inconspicuous accompanying situation;

    "when the rain came he could hear the sound of thunder in the background"

  6. the state of the environment in which a situation exists;

    "you can't do that in a university setting"

  7. (computer science) the area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against which icons and windows appear

  8. scenery hung at back of stage

  1. understate the importance or quality of;

    "he played down his royal ancestry"



用作名词 (n.)
  1. He has a strong political background.
  2. It is wrong to differentiate between people according to their family background.
  3. With my working-class background I feel like a fish out of water among these high-society people.
  4. Her marketing background made her a natural choice for the job.
  5. He stayed in the background to escape from the public attention.
  6. He took a picture of me with the pavilion in the background.
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. To background themselves, reporters dug through all available files on the case.


用作名词 (n.)
in the background
    甘居幕后 as unnoticeable as possible


用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词


  • Elvira walks about pensively in the background.

    出自: R. B. Sheridan
  • The most convenient way to photograph a silhouette is to position the subject some distance in front of a white background.

    出自: J. Hedgecoe
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