assault

  常用词汇  
[ə'sɔːlt]     [ə'sɔːlt]    
  • n. 攻击;突袭;抨击
  • vt. 袭击;突袭
assaulter assaulted assaulted assaulting assaults
new

assault的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 攻击,袭击,突击,突袭
  2. 强奸
  3. 抨击,谴责
  4. 【律】侵犯人身(罪)
  5. 【律】施暴
  6. 【军】猛袭
  7. 【律】威胁,胁迫
  8. 殴打
  9. 进攻
  10. 冲击
v. (动词)
  1. 袭击(罪),猛烈攻击(罪),突袭
  2. 动武,殴打
  3. 谴责,(猛烈)抨击
  4. 威胁
  5. 非议
  6. 向...进攻
  7. 【律】对…施暴
  8. 强暴,强奸
  9. 侵犯人身(罪),伤害
  10. 使(感官)难受
  11. 冲击

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [U][C]攻击,猛袭,突袭 violent attack, especially a sudden one
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 袭击; 殴打; 强暴 make an assault on

英英释义

Noun:
  1. close fighting during the culmination of a military attack

  2. a threatened or attempted physical attack by someone who appears to be able to cause bodily harm if not stopped

  3. thoroughbred that won the triple crown in 1946

  4. the crime of forcing a woman to submit to sexual intercourse against her will

Verb:
  1. attack someone physically or emotionally;

    "The mugger assaulted the woman"
    "Nightmares assailed him regularly"

  2. force (someone) to have sex against their will;

    "The woman was raped on her way home at night"

  3. attack in speech or writing;

    "The editors of the left-leaning paper attacked the new House Speaker"

assault的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Trainee commandos are put through an exhausting assault course.
    受训的突击队员要参加令人筋疲力尽的突击课程。
  2. The court determined that the man was guilty of assault.
    法庭裁定那个人犯了侵犯人身罪。
  3. A deep, wide ditch, usually filled with water, typically surrounding a fortified medieval town, fortress, or castle as a protection against assault.
    护城河一条深而宽的、通常有水沟环绕设防的中世纪城镇城堡或堡垒,用以抵抗外来袭击
  4. The article was a vicious assault on Bell's integrity.
    这篇文章是对贝尔完整性的恶劣抨击。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Six women have been sexually assaulted in the area recently.
    最近这一带有六个女子遭受强奸猥亵。
  2. The commander decided to assault the enemy in the darkness.
    指挥官决定夜袭敌军。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The army launched a major assault against the rebel town.
    军队向叛乱的城镇发动大规模的突袭。
  2. They responded with assaults against the enemy's bases.
    他们向敌人阵地发起反攻。
  3. He was sent to prison for assault.
    他因袭击他人而被送进了监狱。
  4. His plan is under assault from all sides.
    他的方案正受到各方的抨击。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We assaulted the city on all sides.
    我们从四面八方向该城发起突击。
  2. 1
  3. He was assaulted with eggs and stones.
    他遭到别人用鸡蛋和石块的袭击。
  4. The minister was assaulted by a barrage of abuse from the angry strikers.
    这位部长遭到愤怒的罢工者的一阵辱骂。
  5. She was too shaken after being assaulted to report the incident to the police.
    她遭到强暴后失魂落魄,竟没有向警方报案。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词

经典引文

  • The imperial armies disintegrated quickly under direct assault.

    出自: F. Fitzgerald
  • The pastry resisted the most determined assaults without showing any sign of fracture.

    出自: fig.
  • But the Iewes which beleeued not..gathered a company, and..assaulted the house of Iason.

    出自:Bible (AV): Acts
  • George suggested walking back to Henley and assaulting a policeman, and so getting a night's lodging in the station-house.

    出自: J. K. Jerome

assault的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. assault用作名词意思是“攻击,猛袭,突袭”,可指口头上言论的抨击,也可指武力上的攻击或袭击。
v. (动词)
  1. assault用作动词的基本意思是“袭击,殴打”,指在愤怒中以暴力突然袭击对方,打斗双方彼此能接触到,常指近身的肉搏,也指出于嫉妒等恶意动机而进行的人身攻击; assault引申可作“强奸”的委婉语。
  2. assault是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语,作“强暴”解时,常用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
assault, attack, beset, charge
  • 这组词都有“攻击”的意思。其区别是:
  • 1.attack是表示“攻击”的普通用语,通常用于事前无警告甚至是无理由的攻击。例如:
  • The army attacked at night when the enemy was asleep.在夜间敌人熟睡时军队发起了攻击。
  • Hong Kong had been attacked by Japan at nearly the same moment as Pearl Harbour.香港是差不多和珍珠港同时受到日本袭击的。
  • 2.assault指在愤怒中以暴力突然袭击对方,攻打者和被攻打者彼此能接触到。例如:
  • The minister was assaulted by a barrage of abuse from the angry strikers.这位部长遭到愤怒的罢工者的一阵辱骂。
  • She was too shaken after being assaulted to report the incident to the police.她遭到强暴后失魂落魄,竟没有向警方报案。
  • 3.charge主要指对一个固定目标进行的突然而猛烈地攻击,尤指骑兵的突击,常用于战斗或运动竞赛中。例如:
  • The wounded lion suddenly charged at me.受伤的狮子突然向我冲了过来。
  • Our soldiers charged the enemy.我们的士兵向敌人冲击。
  • Our football players charged again and again .我们的足球队员一次又一次地向对方球门进攻。
  • 4.beset多指在思想上受到合围的攻击。例如:
  • I was beset by doubts.我疑虑重重。
  • aggression,invasion,assault,attack,offensive
  • 这些名词均有“进攻、侵略”之意。
  • aggression词义宽泛,既可指武装入侵别国领土,又可指文化、经济等方面的侵略。侧重敌意行动和征服的企图。
  • invasion多指具体的侵入或侵犯别国领土,也可用于指抽象事件。
  • assault主要指突然而猛烈的进攻。
  • attack普通用词,含义广,指事先不发警告,主动地向对方发起武力进攻或对言论等进行抨击。
  • offensive多指进攻的态势,常指大规模的协同军事行动。
  • attack,assail,assault,charge,beset
  • 都含有"攻击"的意思。
  • attack常用词, 指"攻击敌人"或"用言论攻击他人"。
  • assail指"猛烈连续地攻击"。
  • assault语气比 assail强, 指"突然猛烈地进攻", 暗示"武力的直接接触" (如肉搏等), 也有"暴力"的意思。
  • charge指"冲击"或"骑兵的突然攻击"。
  • beset指"围攻", 即从各个方向攻击。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的assalt,意为攻击,袭击。
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