sign

  基本词汇  
[saɪn]     [saɪn]    
  • n.手势;招牌;符号;迹象;正负号
  • v.签;签名;做手势;做标记
signer signed signed signing signs
new

sign是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 手势,暗号,信号
  2. 招牌,标牌
  3. 符号,标志,记号
  4. 征兆,前兆
  5. 【宗】神迹,显灵
  6. 【医】体征,症候
  7. 【天】宫(十二宫)
v.(动词)
  1. 签字,签署,签(名)
  2. 签约雇用,订契约,签名盖章约定
  3. 做手势通知,做手势示意 ,打手势
  4. 对…画十字
  5. 使眼色
  6. 做暗号
  7. 用信号表示,发信号,打信号
  8. 预示
  9. 签名于,署名于,画押于
  10. 使签名,使订约
  11. 加记号于

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C] 标记,符号 a standard mark; sth which is seen and represents a generally-known meaning
  2. [C] 手势,姿势,信号 a movement of the body intended to express a particular meaning or command; signal
  3. [C] 征兆,迹象 sth that shows or points to the presence or likely future existence of a particular condition, fact or quality
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 签名,签字 write one's name as signature
  2. vt. & vi. 发信号,做手势 give sign to

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
sign : 符号 ...
sign : 符号 ...
在 《外教社人类学英语词典》 中查看更多...
sign : 符号 ...
在 《外教社社会学英语词典》 中查看更多...
sign : 病征 ...
在 《外教社畜牧兽医英语词典》 中查看更多...
sign : 告示, 迹象 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
sign : 告示, 迹象 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
sign : 标志 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
sign : 签字 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
sign : 字符 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
sign : 符号 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
sign : 告示, 路标 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
sign : 标记, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
sign : 病状 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
sign : 记号,符号 ...
sign : 宫 ...
在 《外教社天文学英语词典》 中查看更多...
sign : 征兆 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a perceptible indication of something not immediately apparent (as a visible clue that something has happened);

    "he showed signs of strain"
    "they welcomed the signs of spring"

  2. a public display of a message;

    "he posted signs in all the shop windows"

  3. any nonverbal action or gesture that encodes a message;

    "signals from the boat suddenly stopped"

  4. structure displaying a board on which advertisements can be posted;

    "the highway was lined with signboards"

  5. (astrology) one of 12 equal areas into which the zodiac is divided

  6. (medicine) any objective evidence of the presence of a disorder or disease;

    "there were no signs of asphyxiation"

  7. having an indicated pole (as the distinction between positive and negative electric charges);

    "he got the polarity of the battery reversed"
    "charges of opposite sign"

  8. an event that is experienced as indicating important things to come;

    "he hoped it was an augury"
    "it was a sign from God"

  9. a gesture that is part of a sign language

  10. a fundamental linguistic unit linking a signifier to that which is signified;

    "The bond between the signifier and the signified is arbitrary"

  11. a character indicating a relation between quantities;

    "don't forget the minus sign"

Adjective:
  1. used of the language of the deaf

Verb:
  1. mark with one's signature; write one's name (on);

    "She signed the letter and sent it off"
    "Please sign here"

  2. approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation;

    "All parties ratified the peace treaty"
    "Have you signed your contract yet?"

  3. be engaged by a written agreement;

    "He signed to play the casino on Dec. 18"
    "The soprano signed to sing the new opera"

  4. engage by written agreement;

    "They signed two new pitchers for the next season"

  5. communicate silently and non-verbally by signals or signs;

    "He signed his disapproval with a dismissive hand gesture"
    "The diner signaled the waiters to bring the menu"

  6. place signs, as along a road;

    "sign an intersection"
    "This road has been signed"

  7. communicate in sign language;

    "I don't know how to sign, so I could not communicate with my deaf cousin"

  8. make the sign of the cross over someone in order to call on God for protection; consecrate

sign的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I talked with him by signs.
    我和他用手势交谈。
  2. The sign was no longer legible because much of the lettering had worn away.
    这块招牌已看不清楚,因为大部分字已磨掉了。
  3. Make sure that the sign's the right way up.
    一定要把符号的上下弄对。
  4. There are signs of political unrest in the country.
    这个国家有政治不安定的迹象。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. He signed his name on the cheque.
    他在支票上签了名。
  2. The postman asked me to sign for the letter.
    邮差叫我签名收信。
  3. She signed to us to stop talking.
    她做手势示意我们不要讲话。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The sign means that cars cannot enter.
    这种标志表示汽车不能入内。
  2. Those signs pointed the route to be followed by visitors.
    那些标志为参观者指明了路线。
  3. The road signs confused the driver.
    这些路标把司机弄糊涂了。
  4. The sign bears the shopkeeper's name.
    招牌上写着店主的名字。
  5. I'll be waiting for you at the entrance of the pub which has a sign painted with a red lobster.
    我将在画着红龙虾招牌的酒吧门口等你。
  6. Deaf people talk with signs.
    聋人谈话用手势表示意思。
  7. I explained what I couldn't explain in words by signs.
    凡不能用言词来表达的,我就用手势说明。
  8. All the signs at the moment point to an early resumption of the fighting between the two countries.
    眼下的一切迹象都表明,这两个国家将很快重新开战。
~+of n./pron./v- ing
  1. I could not write my name, so I made the sign of the cross.
    我不会写我的名字,就画了一个十字。
  2. The shoulders of his uniform were piped with signs of his rank.
    他制服肩上佩有表示军衔的标志。
  3. All over the country are seen signs of prosperity.
    全国各地到处呈现一派繁荣景象。
  4. She passed close by me without a sign of recognition.
    她与我擦肩而过,却没认出我。
  5. At the mere mention of the name of the visitor, he pulled a face, which I took for a sign of disapproval.
    一提到来访者的名字,他就板着脸,在我看来,这表示他不赞成。
  6. The woman scanned the doctor's face for a sign of hope.
    那女人审视着医生的脸,希望找到一丝希望。
  7. The doctor examined him but could find no sign of heart disease.
    医生给他做了检查,没有发现有心脏病的症状。
  8. Even to dream of seeing one's reflection in water is interpreted as a sign of death in many countries.
    在许多国家,甚至梦见看到自己在水中的倒影都被看作死亡的征兆。
  9. A dark cloud is a sign of rain.
    乌云是降雨的预兆。
  10. A red sky in the morning is said to be a sign of bad weather.
    早晨天上呈红色据说是坏天气的预兆。
  11. He climbed down at the first sign of opposition.
    他一见到反对的迹象,就缩了回去。
  12. I looked all over the place, but there was no sign of him anywhere.
    我察看了所有的地方,但哪儿也见不到他。
  13. I could see no sign of life in the deserted town.
    在这个无人居住的城镇,我看不见一点生命的迹象。
  14. The book bears all the signs of being the product of a ripe scholar.
    这本书里到处呈现着老练学者的结晶。
  15. The roof of the new tunnel hasn't been properly supported; it shows signs of falling in.
    新隧道的顶支撑得不好,已显出坍塌的迹象。
~+to- v
  1. The traveller flashed up a sign to show passing motorists where he wanted to go.
    这位旅行者朝过往汽车晃动一个牌子,告诉司机他要去的地方。
  2. She put her finger to her lips as a sign to be quiet.
    她将手指放在唇上表示应安静。
  3. She gave us a sign to leave the room.
    她示意我们离开房间。
  4. The conductor gave the engineer the sign to start.
    管理人员示意工程师启动。
  5. There is every sign to show that the enemy will retreat.
    种种迹象表明敌人要退却。
  6. He made a sign to me to withdraw.
    他示意我退下。
~+that-clause
  1. I saw no sign that he would change his mind.
    我看不出他有改变主意的迹象。
  2. Foresee by every sign that it would rain before morning.
    根据各种迹象预知天亮前将要下雨。
  3. Her irritable behaviour is a sure sign that she's worried about something.
    她的烦躁举止表明她一定在为什么事担心。
  4. They waved the white flag as a sign that they wished to surrender.
    他们挥动白旗表示愿意投降。
  5. There are signs that the economy is improving.
    有种种迹象表明经济正在好转。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He refused to sign.
    他拒绝签字。
  2. Nothing shall reduce me to sign.
    没有什么能迫使我签字。
  3. When we arrive at the office each morning, we have to sign on the dotted line.
    我们每天早上到达办公室的时候,得在签到簿上签到。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The local football team has signed a new goalkeeper; he has signed for the local team.
    当地的足球队聘用了一名新的守门员,他已跟这支足球队签了约。
  2. He signed a document.
    他在一份文件上签字。
  3. The foreign ministers signed the treaty.
    外交部长们签署了这项条约。
  4. They are ready to sign the contract.
    他们准备签合同。
  5. He has forgotten to sign his name.
    他忘了签上他的名字。
  6. Those who'd like to visit the exhibition sign your name here.
    要去参观展览的人请在这里签名。
  7. He does not sign his contributions to the press.
    他投给报社的稿件上从不署名。
  8. He didn't sign the register, that is to say,I've no record that he ever did.
    他没有签字登记,就是说,我没有他签过字的记录。
  9. The imperialist powers forced the Qing Dynasty to sign a series of unequal treaties.
    帝国主义列强迫使清王朝签订了一系列不平等条约。
  10. The teacher signed his approval.
    老师签了字表示同意。
  11. 用于be ~ed结构
  12. The treaty was signed three days ago at Bucharest.
    条约三天前在布加勒斯特签订。
  13. The painting isn't signed so we don't know who it's by.
    这幅画没有签名,不知道是谁画的。
  14. Both sides should stick to the contract when it is signed.
    合同签订后,双方都应信守合同。
  15. The will had never been signed.
    这份遗嘱根本未经签署。
  16. The hostilities ended when the truce was signed.
    当停战协定一签署,敌对行动随即结束。
S+~+that-clause
  1. Glancing to the door, he signed that he was ready to leave.
    他看着门口打手势表示他随时可以离开。
  2. The police signed to the driver that it was time to go.
    警察示意司机该走了。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. The policeman signed them to stop.
    警察做手势叫他们停住。
  2. The teacher signed me to enter.
    老师示意要我进去。
  3. He signed her to lower her voice.
    他示意要她把声音放低点。
  4. He signed her to enter the room.
    他用手势叫她走进房间。
S+~+(for/to+) n./pron. +to- v
  1. The policeman signed for me to pull over to the curb.
    警察打手势叫我把车子转到路边停下。
  2. He signed to the waiter to bring the bill.
    他向服务生示意拿账单过来。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. The newspaper carried a signed article on the situation in the Middle East.
    这家报纸登载了一篇有关中东局势的署名文章。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
a sign of the times
  1. 某时期的标志 thing that shows the nature of a particular period

    The rising level of crime is a sign of the times. 犯罪率增高是这一时代的特征。

    Kids nowadays are lazy; it's a sign of the times. 如今的孩子很懒,时下就是这个样子。

用作动词 (v.)
sign away (v.+adv.)
  1. 签字让出或放弃 lose by signing sign sth ⇔ away

    He has just signed away a fortune.他刚刚签字让出了一份财产。

    He signed away all his rights to the invention.他签字放弃了这项发明的全部权利。

sign in (v.+adv.)
  1. 通过签字(使)取得入场权 (cause to) gain admittance by signing sign in

    They signed in last night around eleven o'clock.他们在昨晚十一时左右签到。

    sign sb ⇔ in

    He signed us in to his club.他签字让我们进他的俱乐部。

    Can you find someone to sign me in?你能找个人签字放我进去吗?

sign off (v.+adv.)
  1. 停止广播 end a broadcastWhat time does CCTV sign off?中国中央电视台播送的电视节目什么时候结束?

    It's time to sign off for the day; listen in again tomorrow. 今天广播结束,请明天再收听。

  2. 签字结束书信 end a letter by signingI've written far too much and had better sign off.我这封信写得太长了,最好就此落款结束。

    I'd better sign off now or I shall miss the collection of the post. 我最好就此结束,否则我就赶不上收寄这班邮件了。

sign on (v.+adv.)
  1. 签约受雇 join by signing sign on

    He signed on yesterday and will start work on Monday.他昨天签了合同,星期一就要上班。

  2. 雇用 engage as an employee sign sb ⇔ on

    They signed on a large number of casual labourers last week.上星期他们雇用了大量临时工。

  3. 签署证书参军 join the army by signing a document sign on

    When did you sign on?你什么时候参的军?

    He signed on for nine years in the infantry.他签署了志愿书要在步兵服役九年。

  4. 开始广播 begin to broadcast sign on

    It's time for you to sign on.你该播音了。

sign out (v.+adv.)
  1. 签名离开 indicate one's departure by signing a register sign out

    He signed out at ten this morning.他在今天上午十点签字离开。

    sign sb ⇔ out

    I'll sign them out and guarantee their good behaviour.我给他们签字放行,保证他们行为端正。

    He was the first to sign himself out that day.他是那天第一个登记离去的人。

sign up (v.+adv.)
  1. 跟…签订合同 arrange a contract with sign sb ⇔ up

    He has signed up a new star for the series.他已经跟一个新影星签订合同拍一套系列片。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • He didn't answer, made..a confused sign with his head.

    出自:J. Gardner
  • He signed himself carefully with the Cross.

    出自:J. Agee

sign的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. sign作名词“符号”,指事物在结构、尺寸、大小、形状和颜色等方面的特征;
  2. sign在句子I have signed the cheque中,后面不能加to,in或on;
  3. sign在句子He signed to her to enter the room(他做手势叫她进房间)中,后面跟的to可以省略,但一般不省略;
  4. sign后面可以跟that从句。

    There were signs that the minister would resign.
    有迹象显示这位部长可能会辞职。

n.(名词)
  1. sign的基本意思是“标记,符号”,指写在或刻画在物体上的,代表具有固定意义的一种简明的符号或标志,使人一看便知道它所代表的意义。sign引申可作“手势,姿势”“信号”“征兆,迹象”解。
  2. sign后常接of短语作定语,有时还可接动词不定式或that从句作定语。
v.(动词)
  1. sign用作名词时有“记号”的意思,转化为动词可作“签名”解,一般指人在文件、信件上签署自己的名字; sign作名词还可作“手势”解,转化为动词则是“做手势”的意思,指由于某种原因不能用语言表达或不想用口头方式交流的情况下用手势来表达某种意图。
  2. sign可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词、代词、that从句作宾语,还可接以动词不定式充当宾语补足语的复合宾语。
  3. sign作“签名,签字”解时可用于被动结构,作“发信号,做手势”解时不用于被动结构。
  4. sign接以动词不定式充当宾语补足语的复合宾语时,充当宾语的名词或代词前有时可加介词for或to。在sign接that从句作宾语的句子中也可加上to sb。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
sign, mark, symbol, token
这组词都可表示“符号,标志”。其区别是:
1.symbol指作为象征或表达某种深邃意义的特殊事物; sign指代表具有固定意义的一种简明的符号或标志; mark指在其他事物上留下的清晰可见的印痕或先天固有的标志; token指表示爱情、友谊等的纪念物或礼品等。例如:
She had a silver peace symbol hanging on a chain around her neck.她有一个银制的和平标志挂在项链上。
She put her finger to her lips as a sign to be quiet.她将手指放在唇上表示应安静。
He gave his wife a ring as a token of his love.他给他爱人一枚戒指,作为爱情的象征。
2.sign与symbol相比较, sign的含义简单明了,容易体察,而symbol却含义深邃复杂。例如:
I could not write my name, so I made the sign of the cross.我不会写我的名字,就画了一个十字。
3.token和sign的意思相同,但token比sign庄严文雅,通常用于严肃的场合,在一般情况下可以用sign代替。例如:
Jenny's husband gave her a ring as a token of their first meeting.珍妮的丈夫送她一枚戒指纪念他们的初次见面。
v.(动词)
下面各组中两个句子的意思相同:
  • Sign your name to the paper, please.
  • Sign the paper, please.
  • 请在文件上签名。
  • The policeman signed for me to stop.
  • The policeman signed me to stop.
  • 警察示意我停下来。
symbol badge sign signal mark token attribute emblem
这些名词均含“标志、象征、符号”之意。
  • symbol:symbol指作象征或表达某种深邃意蕴的特殊事物。
  • badge:badge一般指金属证章或写有姓名的带状标志物。
  • sign:sign普通用词,指人们公认事物的记号,也可指某种情况的征兆。
  • signal:signal指为某一目的而有意发出的信号。
  • mark:mark普通用词,含义广泛。既可指方便于辨认而有意做的标记,又可指自然形成的标记或有别于他事物的特征。
  • token:token语气庄重,指礼品、纪念物等作为表示友谊、爱情等的象征或标志。
  • attribute:attribute指人或物及其地位、属性的象征。
  • emblem:emblem指选定象征一个国家、民族或家庭等的图案或实物。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 这袜子看得出已经穿旧了。

    The stockings show sign of wear.

    The stockings show signs of wear.

    show signs of(表示“显出…的迹象”)一语中, sign习惯用复数。

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪初期进英入语,直接源自古法语的signe,意为记号;最初源自原始印欧语的sekw,意为指出。

sign的相关资料:

正版词典

sign : 征兆, 迹 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
sign : 迹象;痕迹 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

sign的相关缩略词,共有4

互动百科

  • sign:sign n. 标记, 符号, 记号, 征兆, 迹象, 征候v. 签名(于), 署名(于)~, 签署 英英解释:名词sign:1. a perceptible indication of someth…

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