pupil

  核心词汇  
['pjuːpl]     ['pjuːpl]    
  • n. 小学生;弟子;【解】瞳孔
pupilar
new

pupil的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 学生,弟子,门生,小学生
  2. 【解】瞳孔
  3. 【物】光瞳
  4. 【罗马法】被监护人,未成年人
  5. 【苏格兰法】幼年人
  6. 射光孔

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]学生,小学生 person, especially a child, who is taught in school or privately

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a learner who is enrolled in an educational institution

  2. the contractile aperture in the center of the iris of the eye; resembles a large black dot

  3. a young person attending school (up through senior high school)

pupil的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The headmaster has made a decision of suspension of a pupil from school.
    校长已经做出对一名学生停学处分的决定。
  2. A teacher can't give individual attention to each pupil if his class is large.
    如果班上的人数多,老师就不能给予个别辅导了。
  3. The painting is the work of a pupil of Rembrandt.
    这幅画是伦勃朗的一位弟子的作品。
  4. The tenor was a pupil of Caruso.
    这位男高音歌手师承卡鲁索。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The pupils replied in one voice.
    小学生异口同声地回答。
  2. The pupils were formed into four small groups.
    小学生被分成四个小组。
  3. The pupils were glad of having passed a test.
    孩子们因测试及格而欢天喜地。
  4. The pupils have two long holidays every year.
    学生们每年有两次长假。
  5. Each pupil has his own desk.
    每个学生都有自己的课桌。
  6. It speaks well for your teaching that all your pupils passed the examination.
    你教的学生考试都及格了,这证明你教学优异。
  7. We are very proud that a pupil from our school has won the prize.
    我们学校的一个学生得了奖,我们感到非常自豪。
  8. The teacher said her pupils were very cooperative.
    那位老师说她的学生非常配合。
  9. Enid was a good teacher.She was very patient with her pupils.
    伊妮德是位好教师,她对学生很有耐心。
  10. A teacher likes every pupil in his class.
    老师喜欢班上的每一个学生。
  11. He concentrated his pupils and declared the exciting news.
    他把他的学生集中在一起并宣布了这条令人兴奋的消息。
  12. Educators try to put pupils of similar abilities into classes because they believe that this homogeneous grouping is advisable.
    教育学家设法将学生按相近的能力分班,因为他们认为这种按同等水平划分班级的做法是明智的。
  13. He is one of my aptest pupils.
    他是我最聪明的学生之一。
  14. He is a very dull pupil.
    他是一个很笨的学生。
  15. The teacher must know the name of each and every pupil.
    教师必须知道每个学生的名字。
  16. I teach a class of forty pupils.
    我教的班有40个学生。
  17. Our headmaster has liberal views about what his pupils should wear.
    我们的校长对于自己学生穿戴方面的观点是开明的。
  18. The painting is the work of a pupil of Rembrandt.
    这幅画是伦勃朗的一位弟子的作品。
  19. He was a pupil to the great Stoic philosopher.
    他是斯多葛派哲学家的学生。
  20. I am his pupil in music.
    我是他的学音乐的学生。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • My mother was a born teacher, her pupils adored her.

    出自: Juliette Huxley
  • He became a favourite pupil of the Zen master.

    出自: S. Quinn
  • Her eyes were narrow, the pupils small.

    出自: J. D. MacDonald

pupil的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. pupil的基本意思是“学生”,指由老师亲自照顾和指导的对象,尤指中小学生。在美式英语里, pupil仅指“小学生”。当侧重于从学习的角度或从对老师尊敬的角度时, pupil还可指私人教师或学者指导的“门徒,弟子”,此时pupil没有年龄或学历的限制。
  2. pupil后面通常接in引起的短语,说明是“哪方面的学生”,有时也可接of或to短语,说明是“某人的学生”。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
pupil, disciple, scholar, student
  • 这四个词的共同意思是“学生”。其区别是:
  • pupil特别指由老师亲自照顾和指导的对象,主要指小学生或中学生,也可指“门生,徒弟,弟子”,侧重于从学习的角度或者从对老师尊敬的角度; disciple一般和宗教有联系,作“追随者,门徒”解,主要指对某种理论或杰出人物的狂热拥护者。例如:
  • Judas was one of the twelve disciples of Jesus.犹大是耶稣十二门徒之一。scholar作“学生”解时,现在特别指那些大学里的“奖学金获得者,津贴生”。例如:
  • As a scholar, you will not have to pay college fees.作为津贴生,你不用交学费。student适用于任何学习或喜爱学习的人,但通常指上大学、技术学校、专业学校或夜校的“学生”。例如:
  • A college student goes to college to learn.一名大学生要到大学去学习。此外, student还可指“研究某门学科的人”。例如:
  • He is a student of human nature.他是研究人性的。
  • 下面两个短语意思不同:
  • a pupil teacher (边读边教小学的)小老师
  • a student teacher 师范院校实习生
  • 常见错误

    n. (名词)
      这所学校足以容纳约500名学生。

      The school is large enough for about 500 disciples.

      The school is large enough for about 500 pupils.

      pupil指“学生”,而disciple多指与宗教有关的“门徒”。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的pupille;最初源自拉丁语的pupillus,意为小孩。
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