patient

  基本词汇  
['peɪʃnt]     ['peɪʃnt]    
  • adj.有耐心的;能忍耐的
  • n.病人
patiently
new

patient是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 有耐心的,有耐性的
  2. 勤奋的,勤快的,孜孜不倦的
  3. 能忍受的,能容忍的,能忍耐的,受得了的
  4. 坚韧的
  5. 容许的,有...余地的
  6. 被动性的
  7. 逆来顺受的
n.(名词)
  1. 病人,患者,病号,接受治疗者
  2. <罕>(美容院等的)顾客
  3. 被动者,承受者,受动者
  4. 殡仪馆的尸体
  5. 病畜,患畜
  6. 受苦者,受难者
v.(动词)
  1. 有耐心

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 忍耐的,有耐心的 having or showing patience
n.(名词)
  1. [C]患者,(接受治疗的)病人 a person receiving medical treatment

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
patient : 病人 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a person who requires medical care;

    "the number of emergency patients has grown rapidly"

  2. the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the verb in the clause

Adjective:
  1. enduring trying circumstances with even temper or characterized by such endurance;

    "a patient smile"
    "was patient with the children"
    "an exact and patient scientist"
    "please be patient"

patient的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. You'll have to be patient with my mother she's going rather deaf.
    你对我母亲得有耐心,她的耳朵越来越背了。
  2. He is a patient man, but not even he could sit down under that kind of provocation.
    他是一个能忍耐的人,但就连他也没法忍受那种挑衅了。
  3. After patient explanations, he carried all the members with him on that proposal.
    他通过耐心解释,说服了所有成员接受了他的那项建议。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The patient began to gain ground as soon as she had good food.
    这位病人饮食一好,她的病情就开始好转了。
  2. The patient is seriously ill and is being kept under continuous observation.
    病人病情严重,现接受持续观察。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. The young cashier gave a patient sigh.
    年轻的出纳员忍耐地叹了一口气。
  2. Your patient answer just adds up to refusal.
    你的耐心的回答等于拒绝。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Please be patient.
    请忍耐些。
  2. Facing the trouble he is patient.
    面对麻烦时他表现得很有耐心。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. He is patient of cold and hunger.
    他能忍饥挨冻。
  2. This sentence is patient of two interpretations.
    这句话可作两种解释。
  3. Enid was a good teacher.She was very patient with her pupils.
    伊妮德是位好教师,她对学生很有耐心。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The patient was amused at the music.
    听到音乐,病人感到快乐。
  2. The patient has been attended on by nurses night and day since the operation.
    自从动了手术以来,病人一直日夜由护士护理。
  3. The operation unavoidably caused the patient much pain.
    手术不免会导致病人更多的痛苦。
  4. The nurses tried their best to calm the anxious patient.
    护士竭力使那个焦灼的病人平静下来。
  5. The doctor administered some medicines to his patient.
    医生给了他的病人一些药。
  6. The medicine agrees with the patient.
    这种药对这个患者是适合的。
  7. A good doctor should always concern himself with his patients.
    一个好的医生应当时时刻刻关心着他的病人。
  8. The nurses advised the doctors of the conditions of their patients.
    护士向医生报告病人的情况。
  9. The doctor is attending to a patient.
    医生正在为一个病人治疗。
  10. The patient's life was despaired of; all hope that he would live was lost.
    此病人已病入膏肓,救活无望。
  11. The nurse cushioned the patient's head.
    护士在病人的头部铺上垫子。
  12. The hospital announced the patient's death to his family.
    医院把患者的死亡正式通知了他的家属。
  13. The Blacks are patients of mine.
    这些黑人是我的病人。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Now we exhort you, brethren..be patient toward all men.

    出自:Bible (AV): 1 Thessalonians
  • We must form a habit of patient expectation.

    出自:R. M. Benson
  • You've been very patient with my bad temper.

    出自:A. Cross
  • His search..helped to school Freud in patient and precise observation.

    出自:P. Gay

patient的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 一般来说,patient作名词时指“病人”,但从严格意义上来说,一个必须请医生诊治的病人才算patient,且通常与医生相对而言。

    He fell ill on Monday, and became Dr Davis's patient on Friday.
    句中从周一到周五那个人是“病人”,但不是patient。

  2. patient作名词时,是可数名词。
adj.(形容词)
  1. patient的意思是“忍耐的,有耐心的”,指能镇静地承受痛苦或考验,经受困难,也指对挑衅或曲解表现出克制的态度,能宽容别人的缺点或冒犯。
  2. patient在句中可用作定语或表语。
  3. patient无比较级和最高级。
n.(名词)
  1. patient的意思是“病人”,跟医生相对而言,可指医生受理的各种病人,包括正在接受或已接受治疗的、住院的或去医院就诊的以及不去医院但接受治疗的所有病员。
  2. 在有些国家,受保健医生监护的人,不论有无疾病,均被视为保健医生的patient。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
patient of, patient with
两者都是“对…有耐心”的意思,其区别在于前者接抽象名词; 而后者接人。例如:
Sailors are patient of hardship.海员们肯吃苦。
He was very patient with me.他对我很有耐心。
n.(名词)
patient, case, invalid
这组词的共同意思是“病人”。其区别在于:
1.patient的含义是“病人”,跟医生相对而言,可指医生受理的各种病人,包括正在接受或已接受治疗的、住院的或去医院就诊的以及不去医院但接受治疗的所有病员。
2.case在作“患病的人”解时含义是“病例”。例如:
Worst cases are sent to hospital.病情最坏的人被送到医院。
3.invalid主要指因伤病而身体虚弱的人。例如:
At that time, life for families with invalids was even harder.那个时候,家中有病人的生活更苦。
patient invalid
这两个名词均可表示“病人”之意。
  • patient:patient泛指正患病的人,尤指正接受治疗的人。
  • invalid:invalid多指因伤病或营养不良而造成键康受损,需要他人照顾、护理的病人,也指先天性的残疾者。

常见错误

adj.(形容词)
  1. 我知道他是个难教的孩子,但你必须对他有耐心。

    I know he is a difficult child, but you must be patient to him.

    I know he is a difficult child, but you must be patient with him.

    “对某人有信心”是be patient with sb,其介词with不能换成to。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:the doctor has so much patient that she has to work at least twelve hours a day.

    纠正:the doctor has so many patients that she has to work at least twelve hours a day.

    翻译:病人太多了,这个医生不得不每天至少工作12小时。

    分析:patient作名词时,是可数名词,前面不该用much,而是many。

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪初期进英入语,直接源自古法语的pacient;最初源自古典拉丁语的patientem,意为没有抱怨的举止。

patient的相关资料:

正版词典

patient : 有耐心的; ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
patient : 病人, 患 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
patient : 病人 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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  • patient:patient n. 病人, 患者adj. 忍耐的, 耐心的 英英解释:名词patient:1. a person who requires medical care2. the semantic r…

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