medicine

  核心词汇  
['medsn]     ['medsn]    
  • n.药;医学
new

medicine是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 医学;医术
  2. 内服药,药,药水,医药
  3. 符咒;巫术;咒术
  4. 内科学;内科(治疗)
  5. <喻>良药;除去心病的良方
  6. 魔力;魔术
  7. 有功效的东西
  8. 最佳方法
v.(动词)
  1. 用药物治疗,用药给…治病
  2. 给...服药,给…用药
  3. 下药

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U][C]药,内服药 substance, especially one taken through the mouth, used in curing disease
  2. [U]医术,医学 prevention and cure of disease, especially by drugs, diet, etc., but sometimes including surgery also

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
medicine : 医药 ...
在 《外教社化工英语词典》 中查看更多...
medicine : 药品 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques

  2. (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease

  3. the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries;

    "he studied medicine at Harvard"

  4. punishment for one's actions;

    "you have to face the music"
    "take your medicine"

Verb:
  1. treat medicinally, treat with medicine

medicine的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The best medicine for you now would be a good holiday.
    目前对你来说,一个愉快的假期就是一剂良药。
  2. There have been great progresses in medicine in the past decade.
    在过去十年里,医学取得了巨大的进步。
  3. He turned to the study and practice of medicine at the age of 30.
    他从30岁起开始从事医学的研究和应用。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. This kind of Chinese medicine is a compound medicine.
    这种中药是一种合成药。
  2. Did you give him any medicine?
    你给他药了吗?
  3. Good medicines taste bitter.
    良药苦口。
  4. He's always taking medicine.
    他总是吃这药,吃那药。
  5. They spent a lot of money on buying medicine.
    他们花了大笔钱买药品。
  6. The medicine is an effective cure for a headache.
    这药治头痛疗效很好。
  7. He wanted some medicine for his cough.
    他要治咳嗽的药。
  8. You know I dropped medicine and took up physics.
    你知道我放弃了医学,改学物理了。
  9. My sister is a student of medicine.
    我姐姐是医科学生。
  10. Doctors of medicine are among the most wealthy members of American society.
    医学博士是美国社会最富有的成员之一。
  11. George has made extraordinary progress in his study of Chinese medicine.
    乔治在他的中医学习方面取得了惊人的进步。
  12. He studied tropical medicine in the university.
    他在大学里学习热带医学。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
give a taste〔dose〕 of sb's own medicine
  1. 使…得到报应 the same bad treatment one has given to others give sb a taste〔dose〕 of sb's own medicine

    The smaller boys badly wanted to give the bully a dose of his own medicine.那些小男孩巴不得让那些欺负人的坏蛋也尝点苦头。

take one's medicine
  1. 认罚,忍受不快的事物 submit to punishment, sth unpleasant, etc.

    He really hates shopping but he goes anyway, and takes his medicine. 他实在讨厌买东西,但还是硬着头皮去了。

    When the other boys were caught, he admitted he'd helped them and took his medicine with the rest of them. 当其他男孩被逮住时,他承认帮了他们的忙,就要和其他人一起受到惩罚。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Morgan apprenticed himself to an experienced doctor; there was no other way of studying medicine.

    出自:J. T. Flexner
  • Traditional Arab medicinesthe herbal remedies which were now banned in the new hospitals.

    出自:J. Raban
  • Not poppy, nor mandragora..Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep.

    出自:Othello,Shakespeare

medicine的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. medicine和drug的比较:前者可以表示物质名词,统一表示“药物”,而后者不可以。表示“服药”时,medicine习惯与动词take搭配,而不是eat,

    He does not take medicine.
    他不喜欢吃药。

  2. 如take medicine。drug也有相同的用法,但是注意如果是take a drag和take drugs的话,含不同的意思,为“服麻醉药”。medicine既可指合成的药,也可指单纯的药,但drug只可指单纯的药,例如中药六神丸属于合成药,是medicine,而不是drug,甘草是单纯的药,既是medicine,也是drug。medicine一般只表示直接用于病人的药,而drug却常还可指制药的原料。medicine一般表示内服的药,不表示外用的药。外用的常用lotion来表示,而medicament一词兼指内服与外用药;
  3. 表示“治某病的药”,常用a medicine for...的结构。

    This is a good medicine for colds.
    这是治感冒的好药。

n.(名词)
  1. medicine的基本意思是“药”,是药物的总称,尤指内服药; 可指直接用于病人的药,不指制药的原料; 可指合成药,也可指其中的一种药。medicine还可指“医术,医学”。
  2. medicine一般为不可数名词,但作“各种各样的药”解时可用作可数名词,可以有复数形式。
  3. 表示“吃药”通常说take〔have〕 medicine,而不说eat〔drink〕 medicine。
  4. 表示“治疗…的药”时介词通常用for。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
medicine, drug
这两个词都有“药”的意思,其区别是:
1.medicine指配制的口服药,也可指于健康有益的其他治疗手段; drug可指未经调和、单独服用的药物,也可指如鸦片、古柯碱之类的麻醉药。
2.drug为可数名词; medicine泛指“药物”或“疗法”时是不可数名词。例如:
He dosed up her with pain-killing drugs.他给她服止痛药。
The medicine acts well.这药很见效。
Sunshine and rest are good medicine for convalescents.对于恢复期的病人,阳光与休息是有效的疗法。
下面两个短语意思不同:
  • medicine man
  • 巫医
  • medical man
  • 医生
drug medicine medication remedy cure chemical
这些名词都有“药”之意。
  • drug:drug普通用词,含义广泛,可指任何用于预防或治疗肉体上或精神上疾病的药品。用复数形式时,多指毒品。
  • medicine:medicine普通用词,可指药物的总称,也指一切有利于健康的东西。
  • medication:medication指医生开给病人用的一切药物,从最简单的阿斯匹林到最复杂的药物。
  • remedy:remedy侧重指对恢复健康有效的药品或治疗方法。
  • cure:cure比remedy更强调使身体恢复健康的疗法或良药。
  • chemical:chemical多指工业或化学中的药品,有时也指医药中的药品。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 他父亲要他学医,但他却选学了法律。

    His father wanted him to study medicines but he took up law.

    His father wanted him to study medicine but he took up law.

    medicine作“医学”解时是不可数名词,不用复数,而且往往不与冠词连用。

  2. 农民使用各种药物杀虫。

    Farmers use various medicines to kill insects.

    Farmers use various chemicals to kill insects.

    medicine作“药物”解时,是针对人或动物的,针对昆虫或植物的药物用chemicals。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:eat this medicine regularly, and you will feel better.

    纠正:take this medicine regularly, and you will feel better.

    翻译:按时服这个药,你会觉得好些的。

    分析:表示“服药”时,medicine习惯与动词take搭配,而不是eat。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1200年左右入进英语,直接源自古法语的medecine;最初源自拉丁语的medicina,意为治愈,医治。

medicine的相关资料:

正版词典

medicine : 药品, 药 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
medicine : 药(尤指内 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • medicine:medicine n. 药, 医学, 内科学, 内服药vt. 给...用药习惯用语get some [a taste] of one's own medicine 遭报应give sb. a tast…

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