lobbying

  扩展词汇  
['lɒbi]     ['lɑːbi]    
  • n. 大厅;民众接待厅;游说议员者
  • v. 游说
lobbyer lobbies lobbied lobbied lobbying lobbies
new

lobby的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [U]前厅,厅堂 porch;entrance-hall;ante-room
  2. [C]游说议员的团体 a group of people who try to persuade a member of parliament, senator, etc. to support certain actions
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 游说 meet (a member of parliament) in order to persuade sb to support one's actions and needs, especially by suggesting a new law

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a large entrance or reception room or area

  2. the people who support some common cause or business or principle or sectional interest

  3. a group of people who try actively to influence legislation

Verb:
  1. detain in conversation by or as if by holding on to the outer garments of; as for political or economic favors

lobby的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I waited for her in the lobby of theatre yesterday.
    昨天我在戏院的大厅等她。
  2. The film star held court in the hotel lobby.
    这位电影明星在旅馆的大厅里接见了影迷。
  3. The anti-nuclear lobby is becoming stronger.
    向议员游说的反核群众声势渐强。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The group tried to lobby the bill through.
    这个集团企图通过游说议员通过该项法案。
  2. Farmers will lobby Congress for higher subsidies.
    农民将游说国会提高对农业的补贴。
  3. We should do something to lobby for higher subsidies.
    我们应做点事情去为增加补助金而游说当权者。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Mary is in the lobby of Grand Hyatt Hotel.
    玛丽现在在凯悦饭店大厅。
  2. An agricultural lobby is against a law to allow importing cotton from Egypt.
    农业界院外集团,反对透过一项允许从埃及进口棉花的法律。
  3. The clean-air lobby are〔is〕 against the plans for the new factory.
    空气清洁运动团体反对设立新工厂的计划。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The ecologists lobbied powerfully on the anti-nuclear issue.
    生态学家们就反对使用核能问题展开了强有力的游说活动。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. A group of people have been lobbying Members of Parliament to draw their attention to these problems.
    一群人一直在游说议员,以引起他们对这些问题的注意。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
lobby against (v.+prep.)
    游说当权者不要通过(某项法案等);通过政治活动、写信等防止(某事) try to persuade people in power not to approve (sth such as a law)
    lobby against sth

    They are actively lobbying against the bill.

    他们正在积极游说议员,以阻止通过该项法案。

    The cotton farmers from the South lobbied against a law to allow importing cotton from Egypt.

    南方的棉农对议员进行游说,反对通过一项准许从埃及进口棉花的法律。

    Hunters and other sportsmen have been lobbying against intended changes in the gun laws.

    猎人及其他爱好运动的人已采取行动来打消政府修改枪械法的意图。

lobby for (v.+prep.)
    疏通,游说当权者批准(某处法案)或采取(某种活动);试图通过游说或疏通活动获得(某物) try to persuade people in power to approve (sth such as a law) or take (action); try to obtain (sth) by political action, writing letter, etc.
    lobby for sth

    They are actively lobbying for the bill.

    他们正在为使议案通过而积极游说议员。

    They are lobbying for a reduction in defence spending.

    他们正在为减少国防开支而游说议员。

    Concerned groups have recently been lobbying for increased government support for the arts.

    有关团体近来一直在游说政府,要求加强对文艺界的支持。

lobby through1 (v.+adv.)
    通过政治活动使(法案等)得以通过 reach or obtain (sth such as a law) by political action
    lobby sth ⇔ through

    The group tried to lobby the bill through.

    这个集团企图施加影响使该项法案得以通过。

    In spite of opposition from the other parties, the changes in the law have been lobbied through.

    尽管其他党派表示反对,但该法律的修正案还是通过了。

lobby through2 (v.+prep.)
    通过政治活动使(法案等)得以通过 reach or obtain (sth such as a law) by political action
    lobby sth through sth

    These businessmen have been lobbying a bill through the Senate.

    这些商人一直在游说议员通过该项议案。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • In the lobby of the officers' club the wives were having a whist drive.

    出自: G. Markstein
  • I chanced to be in the lobby of the theatre between acts.

    出自: J. Thurber
  • Abroad, all Access/Visa can do is lobby their international organisations..for a ban.

    出自:Which?
  • Write to the papers, organize petitions, lobby relatives, complain to the Governor.

    出自: A. Brien

lobby的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. lobby用作名词的基本意思是“前厅,厅堂”,也可指英国下议院中,国会议员接待民众的会客厅或议员前往投票的两条通道之一。引申可表示“游说团”“说客”,作此解时是可数集合名词,其单数形式用作主语时谓语动词可用单数形式也可用复数形式。
v. (动词)
  1. lobby的基本意思是“(游说议员)使议案得到通过等”,其后常接介词for, against或副词through等。
  2. lobby可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
lobby, dissuade, persuade
  • 这组词都可以表示“使某人相信或同意”。其区别是:
  • lobby特指游说议员而使议案得以通过;persuade的意思是“说服”,指通过情感、意愿等办法说服某人从而去做所希望的事。dissuade的意思是“劝阻”,意指通过劝说让某人别干某件冒险、不明智或预计产生不良后果的事。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 16世纪30年代进入英语,直接源自中世纪拉丁语的lobia,意为门厅,门廊。
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