lesson

  核心词汇  
['lesn]     ['lesn]    
  • n. 教训;课,功课,课业;榜样,典范
  • vt. 教训,告诫,训斥;给 ... 上课
lessoned lessoned lessoning lessons
new

lesson的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 一节课,一课
  2. 教训,经验
  3. 课程
  4. 课,功课,课业
  5. 训诫;惩戒
  6. 【宗】日课
  7. 要学的东西
  8. 选读经书
  9. 一课时
  10. 教学单元
  11. 榜样
v. (动词)
  1. 教训,训斥,申斥
  2. 给...上课,教课

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [P]功课,课 thing to be learnt by a pupil
  2. [S]一堂课,一节课 period of time given to learning or teaching
  3. [C]教训,经验;榜样 experience from which one can learn;example

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a unit of instruction;

    "he took driving lessons"

  2. punishment intended as a warning to others;

    "they decided to make an example of him"

  3. the significance of a story or event;

    "the moral of the story is to love thy neighbor"

  4. a task assigned for individual study;

    "he did the lesson for today"

lesson的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Such a lesson should be treasured in our memories.
    这样的宝贵教训应该铭记在心。
  2. That accident taught them a lesson.
    那次事故给了他们一个教训。
  3. I missed a lesson yesterday.
    昨天我误了一节课。
  4. This lesson pertains to marine animals.
    这一课讲海洋动物。
  5. The first lesson is taken from St John's Gospel.
    第一段圣经选自《约翰福音》。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The bitter lesson is branded on his memory.
    那个惨痛的教训深深铭刻在他记忆中。
  2. That accident taught them a lesson.
    那次事故给了他们一个教训。
  3. Today we'll reverse the usual order of the lesson.
    今天我们将把通常的上课顺序倒过来。
  4. Please do not enter while a lesson is in progress.
    上课中途请勿走进教室。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Have you learnt your lessons?
    你的功课学会了吗?
  2. Let's look through these lessons more carefully.
    我们来把这几课好好复习一下。
  3. Bill isn't trying to learn his lessons.He is lying down on the job.
    比尔不努力学习功课,他在偷懒。
  4. She gives lessons in drawing.
    她教图画课。
  5. I've learned the lesson by heart and can recite it from memory.
    我记住了这课书,并能背出来。
  6. We then listened to the boy read the lesson written on the blackboard.
    然后,我们听那男孩朗读写在黑板上的课文。
  7. Each lesson lasts forty-five minutes.
    每节课45分钟。
  8. How long does the lesson last?
    这节课要上多长时间?
  9. The boys are listening for the bell at the end of a lesson.
    那些男孩子们正在等着听下课铃声。
  10. We should learn this lesson by heart.
    我们应当记住这一教训。
  11. There are many hard lessons to be learned from life.
    生活中有许多严酷的教训要吸取。
  12. Surely this lesson is not going to be lost upon us.
    我们肯定不会忘记这一教训。
  13. If men could learn from history, what lessons it might teach us!
    如果人们学习历史会变得更明智的话,历史给我们的教训多大啊!
  14. His courage is a lesson to us all.
    他很有勇气,是我们大家学习的榜样。
  15. The third lesson is taken from St John's Gospel .
    第三段圣经选自《约翰福音》。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • I could hear my classmates shouting their lessons in unison.

    出自: R. K. Narayan
  • Knots had been another of her father's favourite lessons.

    出自: S. Cooper

lesson的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. lesson的基本意思是“功课,课”,也可指具体的“一堂课,一节课”,有时还可指课文,引申可表示“教训,经验”或“榜样”。用于宗教可指教堂礼拜中诵读的“圣经选段”。
  2. lesson作“功课,课”解时多用于复数形式;作“一堂课,一节课”解时多用于单数形式;作“教训,经验”“榜样”解是可数名词。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
lesson, class, course
  • 这三个词都有“课”的意思。其区别在于:class原指同一班级学习同一学科的人,由此可引申为同学聚集在一起“上课”; course指教学中一段时期内要教完或学完的功课,即“课程”; lesson指课程所分成的“段落”,课本中的“一课”或“每次授课的单位时间”。例如:
  • There won't be any class today.今天不上课。
  • I took up a three-year course in English in middle school.在中学,我学习了三年的英语课程。
  • The new lesson is very difficult.新课很难。
  • 常见错误

    n. (名词)
      听某人的课

      listen to sb's lesson

      attend a lesson given by sb

      take lessons from〔of,with〕 sb

      “听某人的课”可以说attend a lesson given by sb 或take lessons from〔of,with〕 sb,但不能说listen to sb's lesson。

      老师正在上音乐课。

      The teacher is giving a lesson of music.

      The teacher is giving a lesson in music.

      表示“上…的课”,应该说give a lesson in ...,其中介词不能换为of。注意用介词on也可指“…的课”,但所指的范围更小,如a French lesson on irregular verbs(一堂讲授不规则动词的法语课)。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的lecon,意为学生学习的东西;最初源自拉丁语的lectionem,意为读,功课。
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