inform

  核心词汇  
[ɪn'fɔːm]     [ɪn'fɔːrm]    
  • v. 通知;告诉;使熟悉;告发;赋特征于
informed informed informing informs
new

inform的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 通知,通告
  2. 告密,告发,密告
  3. 告诉,告知,启禀,知会
  4. 报告,向…报告
  5. 使活跃,使活泼,使生气勃勃,赋予活力
  6. 使充满
  7. 教导, 教,教育
  8. 关照说
  9. (使)了解,(使)熟悉
  10. 对…有影响
  11. 检举
  12. 赋于…以性格
  13. 形成(思想)
  14. 训练
  15. 激励
  16. 给…以形状
adj. (形容词)
  1. 不成形的
  2. 无形状的

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 告知,通知 give information or knowledge to; tell
  2. vi. 检举,告密 give the police, or sb in a position of power, information about the guilt of sb

英英释义

Verb:
  1. impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to;

    "I informed him of his rights"

  2. give character or essence to;

    "The principles that inform modern teaching"

  3. act as an informer;

    "She had informed on her own parents for years"

inform的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. If you see something suspicious, inform the police at once.
    你要是看到什么可疑的东西就马上通知警察。
  2. I wasn't informed of the decision until it was too late.
    等到我得知这项决定时,已经太迟了。
  3. The UN Associations work to inform the public about the role the UN plays in global affairs.
    联合国协会致力于使公众了解联合国在全球事务中发挥的作用。
  4. The defendant informed against the other members of the ring.
    被告检举犯罪集团的其他成员。
  5. His poetry is deeply informed by the experience of poverty.
    他的诗歌里带有过去贫困经历的烙印。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ pron./n.
  1. If you saw the accident please inform the police.
    如果你看见那次事故的发生,请你报告警察。
  2. If you know the answer, inform me.
    如果你知道答案,告诉我。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. +wh-to- v
  1. Please inform us how to find Dr. Brown's house.
    请告诉我们怎样才能找到布朗医生的家。
  2. Can you inform me when to begin our final examination?
    你能告诉我们什么时候期终考试吗?
S+~+ pron./n. +that/wh-clause
  1. I informed him that he must start at twelve o'clock.
    我通知他必须12点钟出发。
  2. We regret to inform you that we cannot help you.
    我们很遗憾地通知您,我们无法帮助您。
  3. Can you inform me where he lives?
    你能告诉我他住在哪里吗?
  4. Can you inform me what I am to do?
    你能告诉我应做何事吗?
  5. 1
  6. I was informed that my son had been admitted into that college.
    我得到通知说,我的儿子被那个学院录取了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
inform about〔of〕 (v.+prep.)
    将…告知(某人) tell sb about sb/sth
    inform sb about〔of〕 sth

    You ought to inform the police about that man who's been hiding in the bushes outside your gate.

    那人一直藏在你门外的矮树丛中,你应该把这情况告诉警察。

    We shall inform you of the date of the delegation's arrival.

    我们将把代表团到达的日期通知你。

    Why wasn't I informed of her arrival?

    为什么不告诉我她来了?

inform against〔on〕 (v.+prep.)
    向…负责人告发… tell sb in charge about sb
    inform against〔on〕 sth

    The smuggler was finally obliged to inform against his boss.

    那个走私犯最后不得不告发他的首领。

    When he was doing underground work he was arrested because a renegade informed against him.

    他做地下工作时,曾因叛徒告密而被捕。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Bleak Crags, and naked Hills, And the whole Prospect so inform and rude.

    出自: C. Cotton
  • Her constant beauty doth inform Stillness with love, and day with light.

    出自: Tennyson
  • As a poem is informed by a..scheme of rhythm.

    出自: H. Belloc

inform的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. inform的基本意思是“通知,告知”,用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语,也可接双宾语,其直接宾语可由带疑问词的动词不定式或that/wh-从句充当。
  2. inform用作不及物动词时,可作“检举,告密”解,常与介词against〔on〕连用。
  1. inform后面不跟双宾语,

    He has informed me his new address.
    这个句子是错误的,应在his前加介词of。

  2. inform后可加宾语再接that引导从句,但不能直接跟that引导从句。

    I have to inform that I have removed to the above given address.
    应在inform后加宾语you。

  3. inform可表示“告诉”,但是用tell会比较普通;
  4. inform表示“向某人报告”,而不是“报告”,因此后面不可直接加事件的详情。

    He has informed his new address to me.
    第二个句子才是正确的。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
inform, acquaint, advise, notify, tell
  • 这组词的共同意思是“通知”,其区别是:
  • 1.除tell外是一般用词,其余各词均为正式用词。
  • 2.在“通知”的手段上, acquaint主要指向某人提供资料; tell是指将某事直接告诉某人或把某些内容向他人讲述,即口头通知; inform既可指提供有关资料或信息,也可指直接告知某事; notify指正式用书面通知; advise则常用于商业活动,既可指书面通知,即通告,电告,也可指口头告知或电话通知,但不一定是正式的。
  • 3.在通知的内容上, acquaint常用于范围广泛的内容复杂的信息; tell多指一个故事或一件事; inform既可指重要的信息,也可指普通的一件事; advise多指商业活动中对方应知晓的信息; notify则指严肃的事或对方应知晓的事,暗含事情紧迫,需立即答复或处理的意味。
  • 4.在用法上,这组词均为及物动词,可跟简单宾语或“间接宾语+that/wh-从句”, acquaint还可跟with短语,常用于被动结构; advise还可跟of短语; inform还可跟含“带疑问词的动词不定式和含介词as to或about的复合宾语”; notify还常跟of短语和含动词不定式的复合宾语,常用于被动结构。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪初期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的informare:in (往里) + forma (形式,形成),意为塑造,培养,教育。
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