half

  基本词汇  
[hɑːf]     [hæf]    
  • n.一半;下半场;半学年
  • adj.一半的;不完全的
  • adv.一半地;不完全地
halves
new

half是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 半,一半
  2. 【体】半场,半局
  3. <口>半品脱
  4. 二分之一
  5. <英>半学年
  6. 半票
  7. <口>【足】中卫
  8. 一部分
  9. 【高尔夫球】相同得分,击数相同
  10. 合作者,搭档
adj.(形容词)
  1. 不完全的,不完整的
  2. 半,一半的
  3. 半个的
  4. 一部分的
  5. 半途的
  6. 片断的
adv.(副词)
  1. 半,一半地
  2. 部分地,不完全地
  3. 相当地
  4. 几乎
  5. 到一半程度
  6. 半心半意地
v.(动词)
  1. 二等分,把…减半

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. [A]一半的,半个的 equal to either of two equal parts
n.(名词)
  1. [C]半,一半 one of two equal parts
adv.(副词)
  1. 一半 to the extent of half
  2. 部分地 partly

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
half : 半的, 不完 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
half : 半, 不完全 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
half : 半的, 不完 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
half : 一半 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. one of two equal parts of a divisible whole;

    "half a loaf"
    "half an hour"
    "a century and one half"

  2. one of two divisions into which some games or performances are divided: the two divisions are separated by an interval

Adjective:
  1. consisting of one of two equivalent parts in value or quantity;

    "a half chicken"
    "lasted a half hour"

  2. partial;

    "gave me a half smile"
    "he did only a half job"

  3. (of siblings) related through one parent only;

    "a half brother"
    "half sister"

Adverb:
  1. partially or to the extent of a half;

    "he was half hidden by the bushes"

half的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Half of them are here.
    半数人来了。
  2. At best we can do only half as much as last year.
    我们至多只能做到去年的一半。
  3. The game didn't heat up until the second half.
    游戏玩到后半场才热闹起来。
  4. The team recovered its lead in the second half.
    该队在下半场重新领先。
  5. I have to spend half in studying the experiment in campus lab.
    我不得不利用半学年在学校实验室研究这个实验。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Half the car was damaged.
    车子毁了一半。
  2. Mr Brown holds a half share in the business.
    布朗先生拥有企业一半的股份。
  3. A half truth is often no better than a lie.
    半真半假的话常常跟谎言一样糟。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. The girl left her homework half done.
    这女孩只做完了一半作业。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Half the apples are bad.
    这些苹果有一半是坏的。
  2. They stood in half a circle.
    他们站成半圆形。
  3. A half truth is often no better than a lie.
    半真半假的话不见得比说谎要好。
  4. Half knowledge of anything is dangerous.
    对任何东西一知半解都是危险的。
  5. My home is half a kilometer away from here.
    我家离这儿有半公里。
  6. He went out at half nine.
    他九点半以后出门。
  7. I met him half an hour ago.
    我半小时前碰到他。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Cut the apple into halves.
    把这个苹果切成两半。
  2. He's in the bottom half of the class.
    他在班上的名次位于后一半。
  3. The score of the first half was 2 to 1.
    上半场的比分是2:1。
  4. Railway fares are reduced by half for children.
    铁路旅费对儿童减半。
  5. Half of ten is five.
    十的一半是五。
  6. Half of the apples are unripe.
    一半的苹果不熟。
  7. Half of them are gone.
    他们之中的一半人走了。
  8. Only half of us came last Tuesday.
    上星期二我们只有一半人来了。
  9. She gave me half, and kept the other half for her husband.
    她给了我一半,把另一半留给她的丈夫了。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. He was half under the bed, with his legs sticking out.
    他一半身子在床上,腿伸在外面。
  2. My work is not half done yet.
    我的工作还没做完一半呢。
  3. These potatoes are only half cooked.
    这些土豆煮得半生不熟。
  4. We were driving half when the car broke down.
    当汽车抛锚时,我们正行驶了一半的路程。
  5. She was half laughing, half crying.
    她半哭半笑。
  6. The boy was half dead from hunger.
    那男孩由于饥饿已经半死不活的了。
  7. Oh,I'm half dead.
    哦,我快累死了。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
half the battle
  1. 成功的一半the biggest part of the difficulty finished

    Persuading her it's a good idea is half the battle, once she's convinced, she'll do a good job. 说服她相信这是个好主意,成功就大有希望了,她一旦被说服,就会干得非常出色。

用作名词 (n.)
and a half
  1. 质量上乘of very good quality

    That was a meal and a half! 吃了一顿比较好的饭菜!

  2. 非同小可的,十分精彩of more than usual importance, excellence, size, etc.

    That was a game and a half! 那场比赛十分精彩!

by halves
  1. 部分地,不完全地in part; incompletely

    I recommended that wine to him and he bought ten cases of it, he never does anything by halves. 我向他推荐那种酒,他买了十箱,他做事真是从不马虎。

用作副词 (adv.)
not half
  1. 一点也不not at all

    It's not half bad, your new flat. 你这套新公寓很不错。

  2. 非常,极其the greatest possible extent

    It isn't half windy today! 今天风很大!

    He didn't half complain! 他很不满意!

not half as
  1. 远远不,几乎不 not nearly as

    I didn't feel half as cold once they'd put the heating on. 他们一打开暖气,我就几乎不觉得冷了。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • Then thou shalte see me on the backe halfe.

    出自:Sir T. More
  • His victory..had deprived him of half his influence.

    出自:Ld Macaulay
  • Keats spent half the year at his side.

    出自:J. M. Murry
  • Sickness benefit; half wages; incapacity; the management regrets.

    出自:G. Greene
  • The Norfolk was half a mile further on.

    出自:W. Boyd
  • If you are half the woman I take you to be, you will understand this.

    出自:fig.

half的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. half用作形容词的意思是“一半的”,表示“半个某物”时,英式英语多用half a...; 美式英语多用a half...。
  2. half也可作“(…点钟)以后半小时”解。
  3. half可直接修饰名词,但不可直接修饰代词。
  4. “一个半某物”有两种表达法:a/an+名词单数+and a half(half为名词)或one and a half+名词复数(half为形容词)。例如:A month and a half has passed.一个半月过去了。One and a half pears is left on the table.桌上还留一个半梨子。在上述两种结构作主语时,谓语动词都用单数形式。
  5. half在表示“一半”的数量时,英式英语一般用half a/an,如half an hour(半小时), half a dozen(半打); 而美式英语一般用a half,如a half hour, a half dozen, a half apple。但half与数词连用时,冠词须置于half之前。例如:I spent two and a half years there.我在那儿呆了两年半。
n.(名词)
  1. half用作名词的基本意思是“半”,指把一个整体分成不一定平等的两部分。引申可指“二分之一”,体育比赛的“半场”,公共汽车或火车上的“半票”,在口语中还可指啤酒等液体的“半品脱”。
  2. half of后接名词或代词作主语时,动词的数应根据名词或代词而定。如果该名词或代词是复数形式,则其后的谓语动词用复数形式; 反之,则用单数形式。
  3. half常接介词of,意为“…的一半”, of后可接除尺寸、数量以外的名词或代词。
  4. half前一般不用定冠词,但在有形容词或相当于形容词的词确切地表示出所谈论的那一件事时,才可加定冠词。
adv.(副词)
  1. half用作副词时的意思是“半”“部分地”,还可指同等程度的“一半…,一半…”。有时仅用来加强语气,无词意。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
half, half of
二者的共同意思是“一半”。
1.前者的意思是“一半(量)的”,是形容词; 后者的含意是“一半的量”,是量词。前者侧重于“物”; 后者侧重于“量”。
2.修饰名词时,用不用of均可,但在表示尺寸、数量的名词前,不可用of,在代词前一定要用of。
by half, by halves
前者的意思是“过分”,多半用于讽刺意味; 后者的意思是“不完全地”,多半用于否定句中。试比较下列两个句子:
  • That boy of yours is too clever by half.
  • 你的那个孩子伶俐过了头。
  • Don't do it by halves.
  • 不要半途而废。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的helaf,意为一半,部分,边。

half的相关资料:

正版词典

half : 一半的,不 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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【反义词】

互动百科

  • half:half n. 一半, 半时, (球赛)半场, 半学年adj. 一半的, 不完全的, 半途的adv. 一半地, 部分地, 相当的习惯用语and a half [口]而且比这多得多; 了不起的bette…

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