half

  基本词汇  
[hɑːf]     [hæf]    
  • n. 一半;下半场;半学年
  • adj. 一半的;不完全的
  • adv. 一半地;不完全地
halves
new

half的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 半,一半
  2. 【体】半场,半局
  3. <口>半品脱
  4. 二分之一
  5. <英>半学年
  6. 半票
  7. <口>【足】中卫
  8. 一部分
  9. 【高尔夫球】相同得分,击数相同
  10. 合作者,搭档
adj. (形容词)
  1. 不完全的,不完整的
  2. 半,一半的
  3. 半个的
  4. 一部分的
  5. 半途的
  6. 片断的
adv. (副词)
  1. 半,一半地
  2. 部分地,不完全地
  3. 相当地
  4. 几乎
  5. 到一半程度
  6. 半心半意地
v. (动词)
  1. 二等分,把…减半

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. [A]一半的,半个的 equal to either of two equal parts
n. (名词)
  1. [C]半,一半 one of two equal parts
adv. (副词)
  1. 一半 to the extent of half
  2. 部分地 partly

英英释义

Noun:
  1. one of two equal parts of a divisible whole;

    "half a loaf"
    "half an hour"
    "a century and one half"

  2. one of two divisions into which some games or performances are divided: the two divisions are separated by an interval

Adjective:
  1. consisting of one of two equivalent parts in value or quantity;

    "a half chicken"
    "lasted a half hour"

  2. partial;

    "gave me a half smile"
    "he did only a half job"

  3. (of siblings) related through one parent only;

    "a half brother"
    "half sister"

Adverb:
  1. partially or to the extent of a half;

    "he was half hidden by the bushes"

half的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Half of them are here.
    半数人来了。
  2. At best we can do only half as much as last year.
    我们至多只能做到去年的一半。
  3. The game didn't heat up until the second half.
    游戏玩到后半场才热闹起来。
  4. The team recovered its lead in the second half.
    该队在下半场重新领先。
  5. I have to spend half in studying the experiment in campus lab.
    我不得不利用半学年在学校实验室研究这个实验。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Half the car was damaged.
    车子毁了一半。
  2. Mr Brown holds a half share in the business.
    布朗先生拥有企业一半的股份。
  3. A half truth is often no better than a lie.
    半真半假的话常常跟谎言一样糟。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. The girl left her homework half done.
    这女孩只做完了一半作业。
  2. These potatoes are only half cooked.
    这些土豆煮得半生不熟。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Half the apples are bad.
    这些苹果有一半是坏的。
  2. They stood in half a circle.
    他们站成半圆形。
  3. A half truth is often no better than a lie.
    半真半假的话不见得比说谎要好。
  4. Half knowledge of anything is dangerous.
    对任何东西一知半解都是危险的。
  5. My home is half a kilometer away from here.
    我家离这儿有半公里。
  6. He went out at half nine.
    他九点半以后出门。
  7. I met him half an hour ago.
    我半小时前碰到他。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Cut the apple into halves.
    把这个苹果切成两半。
  2. He's in the bottom half of the class.
    他在班上的名次位于后一半。
  3. The score of the first half was 2 to 1.
    上半场的比分是2:1。
  4. Railway fares are reduced by half for children.
    铁路旅费对儿童减半。
  5. Half of ten is five.
    十的一半是五。
  6. Half of the apples are unripe.
    一半的苹果不熟。
  7. Half of them are gone.
    他们之中的一半人走了。
  8. Only half of us came last Tuesday.
    上星期二我们只有一半人来了。
  9. She gave me half, and kept the other half for her husband.
    她给了我一半,把另一半留给她的丈夫了。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. He was half under the bed, with his legs sticking out.
    他一半身子在床上,腿伸在外面。
  2. My work is not half done yet.
    我的工作还没做完一半呢。
  3. These potatoes are only half cooked.
    这些土豆煮得半生不熟。
  4. We were driving half when the car broke down.
    当汽车抛锚时,我们正行驶了一半的路程。
  5. She was half laughing, half crying.
    她半哭半笑。
  6. The boy was half dead from hunger.
    那男孩由于饥饿已经半死不活的了。
  7. Oh,I'm half dead.
    哦,我快累死了。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
half the battle
    成功的一半the biggest part of the difficulty finished
用作名词 (n.)
and a half
    非同小可的,十分精彩of more than usual importance, excellence, size, etc.
by halves
    部分地,不完全地in part; incompletely
用作副词 (adv.)
not half
    非常,极其the greatest possible extent
not half as
    远远不,几乎不 not nearly as

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • Then thou shalte see me on the backe halfe.

    出自: Sir T. More
  • His victory..had deprived him of half his influence.

    出自: Ld Macaulay
  • Keats spent half the year at his side.

    出自: J. M. Murry
  • Sickness benefit; half wages; incapacity; the management regrets.

    出自: G. Greene
  • The Norfolk was half a mile further on.

    出自: W. Boyd
  • If you are half the woman I take you to be, you will understand this.

    出自: fig.

half的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj. (形容词)
  1. half用作形容词的意思是“一半的”,表示“半个某物”时,英式英语多用half a...; 美式英语多用a half...。
  2. half也可作“(…点钟)以后半小时”解。
  3. half可直接修饰名词,但不可直接修饰代词。
n. (名词)
  1. half用作名词的基本意思是“半”,指把一个整体分成不一定平等的两部分。引申可指“二分之一”,体育比赛的“半场”,公共汽车或火车上的“半票”,在口语中还可指啤酒等液体的“半品脱”。
  2. half of后接名词或代词作主语时,动词的数应根据名词或代词而定。如果该名词或代词是复数形式,则其后的谓语动词用复数形式; 反之,则用单数形式。
  3. half常接介词of,意为“…的一半”, of后可接除尺寸、数量以外的名词或代词。
  4. half前一般不用定冠词,但在有形容词或相当于形容词的词确切地表示出所谈论的那一件事时,才可加定冠词。
adv. (副词)
  1. half用作副词时的意思是“半”“部分地”,还可指同等程度的“一半…,一半…”。有时仅用来加强语气,无词意。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
half, half of
  • 二者的共同意思是“一半”。
  • 1.前者的意思是“一半(量)的”,是形容词; 后者的含意是“一半的量”,是量词。前者侧重于“物”; 后者侧重于“量”。
  • 2.修饰名词时,用不用of均可,但在表示尺寸、数量的名词前,不可用of,在代词前一定要用of。
  • by half, by halves
  • 前者的意思是“过分”,多半用于讽刺意味; 后者的意思是“不完全地”,多半用于否定句中。试比较下列两个句子:
  • That boy of yours is too clever by half.
  • 你的那个孩子伶俐过了头。
  • Don't do it by halves.
  • 不要半途而废。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的healf,意为一半,部分,边。
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