deprive

  常用词汇  
[dɪ'praɪv]     [dɪ'praɪv]    
  • vt. 剥夺;失去;免职
deprivable deprived deprived depriving deprives
new

deprive的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 使丧失
  2. 剥夺
  3. 使不能享受
  4. 夺走
  5. 取消
  6. 革去…的职务
  7. 压抑
  8. 从…夺走
  9. 免去…的圣职
  10. 使不能享有
  11. 夺去
  12. 使失去
  13. 撤职
  14. 拒绝
  15. 免职

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 剥夺,夺去,使丧失 take away from; prevent from using or having

英英释义

Verb:
  1. take away possessions from someone;

    "The Nazis stripped the Jews of all their assets"

  2. keep from having, keeping, or obtaining

  3. take away

deprive的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. We have no right to deprive their life.
    我们没有权利去剥夺它们的生命。
  2. The spread of television have considerably deprive us of our time for reading.
    电视的普及剥夺了我们相当多的阅读时间。
  3. You can't deprive her of her rights.
    你不能剥夺她的权利。
  4. These trees deprive my house of light.
    这些树遮住了我房屋的光线。
  5. They were deprived of a normal childhood by the war.
    由于战争,他们失去了一个正常的童年时代

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. This law will deprive us of our most basic rights.
    这条法律将剥夺我们最基本的权利。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
deprive of (v.+prep.)
    剥夺某人的… take away sb from sth
    deprive sb of sth

    They deprived the criminal of political rights for all his life.

    他们剥夺那罪犯的终身政治权利。

    These misfortunes almost deprived him of his reason.

    这些不幸的事几乎使他丧失了理智。

    The railways have been deprived of the money they need for modernization.

    铁路系统被剥夺了那笔需要用于现代化的拨款。

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • A fire engine, deprived of its siren.

    出自: Sloan Wilson
  • To coerce a man is to deprive him of freedom.

    出自: Isaiah Berlin

deprive的详细讲解:

词义辨析

v. (动词)
deprive, burglarize, loot, plunder, rifle, rob
  • 这组词都有“剥夺”“抢夺”的意思。其区别在于:rob指用公然恐吓、暴力或哄骗等非法手段剥夺他人的财物或名誉、地位、权利等; burglarize指夜间潜入某处偷盗,但不一定达到目的; deprive的对象可以是“权利”“资格”等抽象的东西,但不可接表示场所的名词; loot指不顾法律或道德、不顾死活或见利忘义地抢劫,暗示应受到谴责; rifle指闯入房间或某地搜劫,可以是抢劫一空,也可暗示搜寻某物; plunder指大规模或大范围地掠夺。
  • deprive, rob, steal
  • 这三个词都可表示采取非法手段夺取他人的钱财或权利。其区别是:
  • 1.steal是以隐蔽的方式偷取他人钱财,其宾语是被窃物。
  • 2.rob是以公开的方式抢劫他人钱财,其宾语是受害者或场所。例如:
  • He said he would not rob the bank again.他说他不再抢劫银行了。
  • They robbed the woman.他们抢了那个妇女。
  • He was robbed of his week's wages by a pickpocket.他一周的薪金被扒手夺去了。
  • 3.deprive的意思是“剥夺”,其对象都多是“权利”“资格”等抽象的东西。例如:
  • An accident deprived him of his life.事故使他丧失了生命。
  • The court deprived the criminal of his civil right.法庭剥夺了那罪犯的公民权。
  • He was deprived the right of vote.他被剥夺了选举权。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪中期进入英语,直接源自古法语的depriver,意为夺去,剥夺。
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