civilization

  扩展词汇  
[ˌsɪvəlaɪ'zeɪʃn]     [ˌsɪvələ'zeɪʃn]    
  • n. 文明;开化;教养
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civilization的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [U]文明,文化 the way people live together in a certain place at a certain time

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations);

    "the people slowly progressed from barbarism to civilization"

  2. the social process whereby societies achieve an advanced stage of development and organization

  3. a particular society at a particular time and place;

    "early Mayan civilization"

  4. the quality of excellence in thought and manners and taste;

    "a man of intellectual refinement"
    "he is remembered for his generosity and civilization"

civilization的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Chinese civilization is one of the oldest in the world.
    中国文化是世界上最古老的文化之一。
  2. The civilization of mankind has taken thousands of years.
    人类经数千年才文明开化。
  3. In some ways, civilization does not seem to have progressed much in the last century.
    在某些方面,上个世纪文明似乎进展不大。
  4. The civilization of these tribes will take a long time.
    这些部落的开化将需很长时间。
  5. These letters revealed her wit and civilization.
    这些信流露出她的教养和才华。
  6. He is remembered for his generosity and civilization.
    他因慷慨和良好的教养而被人们怀念。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The Romans brought civilization to many of the lands they conquered.
    罗马人给他们征服的许多地区带来了文明。
  2. Civilization may be destroyed if there is another world war.
    如果再次发生世界大战,文明世界可能会被摧毁。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The breakdown of civilization during the Dark Ages.

    出自: A. Koestler
  • Of this ancient, rustic civilisation we have no record beyond the farmhouses themselves.

    出自: K. Clark

civilization的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. 在英式英语中,civilization也可以写作civilisation。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
civilization, cultivation, culture
  • 这组词都可表示“文化”“文明”“修养”。它们的区别在于:
  • 1.在表示某一国家或民族所特有的文化时, civilization常与culture互换使用。
  • 2.civilization一般指的是与barbarism(野蛮)相对立的“文明”或“文化”; culture指某种类型的文化、风俗、信仰或传统等,尤指民族的艺术与思想; cultivation主要指身心文明、礼貌等的“养成”或“培养”。
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