- n. 惊奇；惊喜；惊讶；突然
- vt. 使惊奇；使惊喜；突然袭击；惊讶地发现
- 惊奇，意外，吃惊，诧异，惊恐 ，惊骇
- 奇袭， 突然袭击，偷袭
- 乘不备时设法得到， 乘对方不备使其做某事
- 当场捉住， 当场逮捕
- vt. 使惊奇,使诧异 give a feeling of surprise to
- vt. 意外地发现,撞见 find or catch when unprepared
- [U] 惊奇,惊讶 feeling caused by sth happening suddenly or unexpectedly
- [C] 令人吃惊的事物 event or thing that causes this feeling
the astonishment you feel when something totally unexpected happens to you
a sudden unexpected event
the act of surprising someone
cause to be surprised;
"The news really surprised me"
come upon or take unawares;
"She surprised the couple"
"He surprised an interesting scene"
attack by storm; attack suddenly
- John turned around and looked at me in surprise.
- It was a great surprise to learn of her marriage.
- I tried to conceal my surprise when she said she was only 22.
- I must say the news came as a total surprise.
- The news greatly surprised them.
- It won't surprise me if they get married very soon.
- Put the presents out of sight so we can surprise her.
- It may surprise her greatly to know that Frank has come back from Paris.
- The army attacked at night to surprise the rebels.
- A teacher surprised the boys smoking cigarettes.
- He may surprise us all yet.
- This of course surprised us all.
- His enrollment as a member of the cricket club surprised us very much.
- The next contestant surprised me. She made 139 jumps in half a minute.
- Her calmness at reception of the bad news surprised us.
- The police surprised a burglar breaking into a store.
- They surprised the animals at their food.
- We surprised the enemy while they were still sleeping.
- Why are you surprised?It's proper that his wife should inherit all of his money.
- It surprised me to see so many people there.
- It surprised them that she was such a fine swimmer.
- I'm surprised to hear you say that.
- We were surprised to see how welcome they were in the countryside.
- I was surprised to find that he knew nothing about the subject.
- The old man was quite surprised to find in the envelope a ten yuan note.
- I'm surprised that you should think this way.
- I'm surprised that you didn't get a bawling from your wife.
- I am surprised that you should press the suggestion.
- Everyone was surprised that Jim didn't jump at his father's offer of a partnership.
- I'm surprised that Mary's late.She's usually so prompt.
- I was surprised why he came here so early.
- I wouldn't be surprised if he changed his mind.
- We returned early and surprised the burglars searching through the cupboards.
- I'll never forget his surprise when we told him.
- The truth must be elicited by surprise.
- Surprise, surprise! It's me! I'm back!
- He heard the news without surprise.
- Mr. Small showed no surprise at the news.
- His surprise was visible.
- He turned pale with surprise.
- I noticed with surprise that the house had not been repainted and the garden tidied up.
- His eyes shone with surprise and joy.
- She came to me with a look of surprise.
- Jack stared at me in surprise.
- She looked at me in surprise when I suggested that the story might not be true.
- I asked in surprise why she had not stayed in the hospital.
- I got a big surprise.
- What a nice surprise!
- She gave them a surprise by arriving early.
- Your letter was a pleasant surprise.
- I was prepared for a surprise by my cousin's mysterious letter.
- I don't like surprises.
- We've had some unpleasant surprises.
- I have a surprise for you.
- She said to him after dinner,“I've got a surprise for you”。
- His visit was a great surprise to me.
- It was a complete surprise to me.
- His resignation came as a complete surprise to his staff.
- Philip was conscious that his failure was a surprise to no one but himself.
- We have some surprises in store for you.
- The news of his promotion came as a surprise to Mr. Talbert.
- Your visit will be a surprise to the family—they do not expect you.
- She gave a surprise party.
- Lanny came home for the weekend, and found a surprise letter.
- I didn't know it was a surprise packet—I found a coin in the sweets!
- The President paid today a surprise visit to two Medicare patients.
- They determined to attempt a surprise.
- The troops were told to stand by for a surprise attack.
- This surprise attack put me in a fix.
- surprise at (v.+prep.)
对…惊讶 give a feeling of surprise to sth
be surprise at sth/(sb's) v-ing
There is nothing to be surprised at.
You don't look very surprised at the news of his failure.
I was surprised at hearing him say so.
We were surprised at finding the house clean, bright and spacious.
She was very much surprised at his coming at all.
- surprise by (v.+prep.)
以…使(某人)惊奇 give a surprise of (sth unexpected) by doing sth
surprise sb by sb/sth/v-ing
I surprised everyone by wearing a terrible mask.
He surprised us by producing from his pocket a five-pound note.
The magician surprised the audience by producing from under his hat a rabbit.
They were surprised by this strange noise.
She was much surprised by the news.
We were surprised by his success.
- surprise into (v.+prep.)
以出其不意的方式促使…进行 force (sb) into (action or doing sth) by surprising
surprise sb into sth/v-ing
With an unexpected question, the clever lawyer surprised the prisoner into admission of his guilt.
Her sudden question surprised him into betraying himself.
The prisoner was surprised into admitting his guilt.
- surprise out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
出其不意地使某人说出某事 force (sb) to say sth by surprising
surprise sth out of sb
The court surprised a confession out of the defendant.
They surprised the secret of the murderous past out of the hypocrite.
The judge surprised the facts out of the witness.
- surprise with (v.+prep.)
用…使(某人)惊奇 give a surprise of (sth unexpected) with sth
surprise sb with sth
They surprised us with a visit.
He surprised us with his knowledge of the locality.
Let's surprise her with a birthday party!
Her daughter surprised her with a full mark in a math examination.
- (much/greatly) to one's surprise
使某人惊奇的是 not expect sth is to happen
- take by surprise
使某人吃一惊 happen unexpectedly, so as to shock sb slightly
take sb/sth by surprise
The policeman took the burglar by surprise as he opened the window.
The town was well defended so there was little chance of taking it by surprise.
The invaders took the town by surprise.
The fort was taken by surprise.
那堡垒出其不意地被攻占了。take sb by surprise
The news took me by surprise.
His sudden appearance took us quite by surprise.
- surprise very much 使非常吃惊
- surprise agreeably 又惊又喜地发现
- surprise delightfully 感到惊喜
- surprise disagreeably 感到吃惊和不快
- surprise greatly 使大为吃惊
- surprise pleasantly 感到惊喜
- surprise tremendously 极其惊讶
- surprise unspeakably 不可名状地感到惊讶
- surprise utterly 完全感到惊讶
- be surprised about 对〔听到〕…感到吃惊
- be surprised at 对〔听到〕…感到吃惊
- be surprised at the news 听了这消息非常诧异
- surprise sth from sb 出其不意地使某人说出某事
- surprise sb into tears 出其不意地使人哭起来
- surprise sth out of sb 出其不意地使某人说出某事
- surprise sb with a visit 来访使某人感到意外
- affect surprise 故作惊讶
- ask with surprise 惊奇地问
- attempt surprise 企图突袭
- cause surprise 引起惊讶
- conceal surprise 掩盖惊讶的心情
- exhibit surprise 表现惊奇
- express surprise 表示惊奇
- feel surprise 感到惊奇
- get a big surprise 大吃一惊
- give surprise 给…一惊
- have a surprise 吃了一惊
- imagine one's surprise 想象某人吃惊的样子
- induce surprise 导致意外之惊
- prepare surprise 准备使惊讶
- provide a surprise 使大吃一惊
- reveal surprise 显露惊讶之色
- show surprise 表现惊奇
- spring a surprise on sb 使某人大吃一惊
- acceptable surprise 可接受的意外
- admiring surprise 令人羡慕的意外
- agreeable surprise 愉快的惊奇
- amiable surprise 可爱的意外
- annoyed surprise 令人感到烦恼的意外
- big surprise 大吃一惊
- blank surprise 完全的意外
- calm surprise 不动声色的意外
- charming surprise 迷人的意外
- comic surprise 喜剧性的意外
- complete surprise 完全出人意料
- continual surprise 连续不断的意外
- curt surprise 不客气的惊吓
- delightful surprise 令人愉快的意外
- dramatic surprise 戏剧性的惊人之举
- dull surprise 笨拙的惊人之举
- effusive surprise 热情洋溢的惊人之举
- excessive surprise 过分的使人吃惊
- great surprise 非常惊奇
- happy surprise 令人愉快的意外
- hollow surprise 无内容的惊人之举
- infinite surprise 无穷无尽的惊奇
- joyous surprise 令人喜悦的意外消息
- much surprise 非常惊奇
- mute surprise 目瞪口呆
- painful surprise 痛苦的意外
- pleasant surprise 令人愉快的意外
- puzzled surprise 离奇的意外
- quick surprise 奇袭
- real surprise 真正的意外
- total surprise 使人感到十分惊奇的事情
- unexpected surprise 使人感到意外惊奇的事情
- by surprise 冷不防,突然
- capture sb by surprise 出其不意地俘获某人
- take the fortress by surprise 奇袭要塞
- in surprise 惊异地
- look up in surprise 惊异地向上看
- to one's surprise 使…惊奇的是
- with surprise 惊异地
- without surprise 毫不惊奇
Government troops..crushed Pancho Banderas..in a surprise attack.出自：Ottawa Journal
His father had bought a..radio for the trip, so they would not be surprised by weather.出自： T. McGuane
- surprise后接介词at表示“对…感到惊讶”; 后接介词from表示“出其不意使…说了”; 后接介词into表示“出其不意地使人…”; 后接介词with表示“以…使(某人)惊奇”。
- surprise表示“惊奇,惊讶”,用作不可数名词; 表示“令人吃惊的事物”,用作可数名词。
- surprising, surprised
- surprise的现在分词和过去分词都可用作形容词,在句中作主语或表语,但两者含义不同:surprising指施加影响于人,使人产生惊讶的情绪; 而surprised指人受到外界影响而产生惊讶的情绪。
- surprise, startle, wonder
- 这组词都有“惊异”“震惊”的意思。其区别在于:wonder指对异常现象或难以解释的事感到“惊讶”或“疑惑”; surprise是普通用词,表示各种各样的惊讶; startle指因没有提防而“大吃一惊”或“吓了一跳”。
- surprise, alarm, amaze, astonish
- 1.surprise语气最强, alarm次之, astonish更次之, amaze最弱。
- 2.在使用场合上:surprise指对事出突然或意外而“惊奇”“惊愕”甚至“震惊”; alarm指由于某种危险或不祥之兆而“惊恐”; astonish指事情的发生不可思议而“难以置信”; amaze指对不太可能的事或根本不可能发生的事而感到“迷惑不解”。
- surprise, ambush, waylay
- 这三个词的共同意思是“突然袭击”。其区别在于:surprise指趁对方出其不意时突然发动攻击,也指在对方没有料到时突然出现; ambush指游击战时在灌木丛中埋伏以便伏击敌人,引申指类似遭到伏击的情况; waylay指潜伏在路边伺机伏击或拦路抢劫,也可指在路上拦住某人说话。
误 His death was surprising to us all.
正 His death surprised us all.
误 We are surprising to hear the news.
正 We are surprised to hear the news.
析 surprising为现在分词作形容词表主动,说明主语的性质。surprised为过去分词作形容词表被动,具有“由于…原因而惊骇”的意思,常跟动词不定式或at+sb's/sth v -ing。我对他在聚会上的举动感到吃惊。
误 I was surprised with his behavior at the party.
正 I was surprised at his behavior at the party.
析 表示“对…感到吃惊”,应该说 be surprised at,而不能说 be surprised with。他在20天内写完了一本小说,真令人吃惊。
误 It was surprised that he finished writing a novel in only twenty days.
正 It was surprising that he finished writing a novel in only twenty days.
析 surprised 表示“感到吃惊的”,其主语应该是人,而 surprising 表示“令人吃惊的”,其主语应该是物或某件事情。所以误句中的 surprised 应改成 surprising。关于对儿童施加暴行的新闻报道使人们感到震惊。
误 The newspaper report of an outrage against the children surprised the public.
正 The newspaper report of an outrage against the children shocked the public.
析 surprise 侧重于表示“出人意料而使人感到惊讶”,语气较弱。汉语中的“震惊”,在英文中是 shock,这个词的意味远比 surprise 强。听到你这么说,我真觉得奇怪。
误 I surprised to hear you say that.
正 I am surprised to hear you say that.
析 当surprise作及物动词表示“使惊奇”“使震惊”时,它后面可直接跟宾语,但要表示“某人对某事感到惊奇”,往往采用 be surprised to- v 的系表结构, surprised是过去分词,在句中作表语。
误 In my surprise, he won the price.
正 To my surprise, he won the price.
析 to one's surprise是固定用法,意为“令人吃惊的是”。使我吃惊的是,他只用几天时间就完成了这项工作。
误 To my surprised, he managed to finish the work only in a few days.
正 To my surprise, he managed to finish the work only in a few days.
析 “使某人吃惊的是”,英文是“to one's surprise”, to 是介词,所以后接名词。听到这消息,他脸上露出惊异的神情。
误 His face showed surprises at the news.
正 His face showed surprise at the news.
误 Here is surprise for you.
正 Here is a surprise for you.
- ☆ 16世纪中期进入英语，直接源自古法语的surprendre：sur （过） + prendre (超），意为超过某人；最初源自古典拉丁语的prendere，意为抓住，获取。