scream

  扩展词汇  
[skriːm]     [skriːm]    
  • n. 尖叫声
  • v. 尖叫;(指风﹑ 机器等)发出大而尖的声音
screamingly screamed screamed screaming screams
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scream的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C] 尖叫,尖叫声 loud shrill piercing cry or noise
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 发出尖叫声 (of human beings, birds, animals) give a loud, sharp cry or cries of, or as of, fear or pain

英英释义

Noun:
  1. sharp piercing cry;

    "her screaming attracted the neighbors"

  2. a high-pitched noise resembling a human cry;

    "he ducked at the screechings of shells"
    "he heard the scream of the brakes"

  3. a joke that seems extremely funny

Verb:
  1. utter a sudden loud cry;

    "she cried with pain when the doctor inserted the needle"
    "I yelled to her from the window but she couldn't hear me"

  2. utter or declare in a very loud voice;

    "You don't have to yell--I can hear you just fine"

  3. make a loud, piercing sound;

    "Fighter planes are screaming through the skies"

scream的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The patient gave out a scream of pain.
    病人痛苦地尖叫一声。
  2. A scream broke the silence of the night.
    一声尖叫划破了寂静的夜空。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The boy was screaming with pain.
    这男孩痛得尖叫起来。
  2. People scream in fright,in anger,and in sudden pain.
    人们在害怕、生气或痛苦时会尖叫。
  3. The wind screamed through the trees.
    风从林间呼啸而过。
  4. I pressed the accelerator until the engine screamed.
    我猛踩油门,发动机发出了尖利的声音。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. She let out a terrible scream.
    她发出一声可怕的尖叫。
  2. Then I heard a woman's scream.
    当时我听到了一声女人的哀叫。
  3. She gave a scream of anger.
    她发出一声愤怒的尖叫声。
  4. The woman gave a scream of pain.
    那妇女痛得尖声叫起来。
  5. The baboon's growling turned into a scream.
    狒狒的吼声变成了尖叫声。
  6. The car stopped suddenly with a scream of tyres.
    随着轮胎吱地一声尖叫,汽车突然停了下来。
  7. The scream of the jets overhead drowned our conversation.
    头顶上喷气式飞机那刺耳的呼啸声淹没了我们的谈话声。
  8. Her loud screams could be heard all over the house.
    整个屋子都能听到她那高声的惊叫。
  9. A scream for help came from inside the building.
    一声尖厉的求救声从楼房内传来。
  10. He's an absolute scream.
    他是个滑稽透顶的人。
  11. She thought it was an absolute scream when I fell off my chair.
    她认为我从椅子上摔下来是一件极其滑稽可笑的事情。
  12. We heard an ear-splitting scream from the terrified girl.
    我们听见那个受惊的女孩发出一声刺耳的尖叫声。
  13. It was a perfect scream.
    这事简直可笑至极。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Don't scream,I can hear what you are saying.
    别喊,我听得见你说些什么。
  2. She screamed when she saw the robber.
    她看到强盗时尖叫起来。
  3. The baby screamed all night.
    这娃娃哭闹了一夜。
  4. This parrot screams but does not talk.
    这只鹦鹉会尖叫,但不会说话。
  5. The railway whistle screamed.
    铁路上的汽笛响了。
  6. Racing cars screamed past.
    一辆辆赛车呼啸而过。
  7. The wind was screaming outside.
    外面风在呼啸。
  8. He screamed to go with you.
    他大声嚷着要跟你一道去。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. A newsboy was screaming an extra.
    一个报童正在尖声叫卖号外。
  2. It was so noisy in the room that I had to scream my name.
    房间里非常喧闹,我不得不提高嗓子报出自己的名字。
  3. He screamed a warning not to touch the electric wire.
    他尖叫着警告说别碰电线。
S+~+that-clause
  1. She screamed that there was a snake under the bed.
    她大声喊叫床下有蛇。
  2. Mary screamed that there was a dog outside.
    玛丽尖叫着说外面有条狗。
引出直接引语
  1. “Hello,”screamed the woman.
    这个女人尖声叫到:“喂!”
  2. He screamed:“Are you getting better?”
    他尖声说:“你好些了吗?”
  3. He screamed:“It's two o'clock.”
    他尖声说:“现在两点啦。”
用作宾补动词 S+~+ pron. + adj.
  1. The child screamed himself red in the face.
    这个孩子尖叫得脸都红了。
  2. She screamed herself hoarse.
    她尖叫得把嗓子都叫哑了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
scream at (v.+prep.)
    大叫大嚷; 责备 cry out loudly on a high note
    scream at sb

    He screamed at the children for making noise.

    他因孩子们发出吵闹声而朝他们大叫大嚷。

    scream sth at sb

    She screamed abuse at me.

    她尖声责骂我。

scream down (v.+adv.)
    呼啸着灌入 (of the wind, machine) make a loud, shrill noise down sth
    scream sth ⇔ down

    The wind screamed down the chimney.

    风呼啸着灌入烟囱。

scream for (v.+prep.)
    为了…尖声地叫喊 make a loud, sharp cry for sth
    scream for sth

    She screamed for help when she saw the robber.

    她看到强盗时,尖声地叫喊救命。

    The schools are screaming for federal aid.

    那些学校强烈要求联邦政府的援助。

scream in (v.+prep.)
    在…中喊叫 say or express in sudden loud cry in sth
    scream in sth

    She screamed in anger.

    她恼怒地大叫起来。

    scream sth in sth

    The foreman screamed his instructions in the noise.

    在一片嘈杂声中,工头喊叫着说出他的指令。

scream out (v.+adv.)
    尖声发出; 宣传 say in a loud, high voice; declare
    scream sth ⇔ out

    He screamed out a warning.

    他尖声发出警告。

    The newspapers screamed out the news in large letters.

    各报用大号字体醒目地刊登了这则消息。

    scream out that-clause

    She screamed out that she had lost her passport.

    她尖声嚷着说把护照弄丢了。

scream through (v.+prep.)
    (风)呼啸地过… (wind) make a sharp noise through sth
    scream through sth

    The wind screamed through the trees.

    风呼啸地从林间吹过。

scream to (v.+prep.)
    对…高声说 cry out loudly on a high note to sb/sth
    scream sth to sb

    She screamed a few words to me.

    她对我高声说了几句话。

scream with (v.+prep.)
    因…而大喊大叫 cry out loudly on a high note,(as in fear, pain, great excitement of anger or sometimes laughter)
    scream with sth

    The little boy fell down from a chair and started screaming with pain.

    小男孩从椅子上摔下来,疼得直叫。

    The fans screamed with excitement when they saw him.

    那些对他仰慕得发狂的人看见他时,激动得大喊大叫。

    We all screamed with laughter.

    我们都放声大笑。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • His wife..seeing her husband in these dangerous circumstances, uttered a dreadful scream.

    出自: Smollett
  • Frau Nowak's shrill scolding rose to a scream.

    出自: C. Isherwood
  • As the main body of demonstrators began to move away..screams of 'Fascist pigs' continued.

    出自:Times
  • She screamed for help.

    出自: Ld Macaulay
  • One child, who had lost her parents, screamed steadily and with increasing shrillness.

    出自: R. L. Stevenson
  • She screamed then, and Lennie's other hand closed over her mouth.

    出自: J. Steinbeck
  • Training and temperament kept Jacqueline smiling when she wanted to scream.

    出自: C. Easton

scream的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. scream的基本意思是“尖叫,尖叫声”,是可数名词。有时也可作“极其滑稽可笑的人(或事物)”解。
v. (动词)
  1. scream的基本意思是“发出刺耳的叫声”,指因害怕、痛苦或近乎歇斯底里的愤怒或高兴而发出尖锐刺耳的声音,具有强烈的感情色彩。引申可表示“呼啸”等。
  2. scream既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词、that从句作宾语,也可接由“oneself+形容词”构成的复合宾语。
  3. scream在美式英语中可以直接接that从句; 但在英式英语中,则须是先接out,然后才能接that从句。
  4. scream在非正式英语中,可以引出直接引语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
scream, cry, exclaim, shout, shriek, yell
  • 这六个动词的共同意思是“叫喊”。其区别在于:
  • 1.scream多指儿童、妇女由于痛苦、恐惧、愤怒或欢乐时突然发出的尖叫声,也可指车辆、汽笛、机器等尖叫。
  • 2.shout指大声说、大声叫或高喊,可表示喜、怒、哀、乐等各种表情; 也可表示提出警告或引起别人注意而大声叫嚷,多指男人的喊叫。例如:
  • I can hear you all right, there is no need to shout.我听得见你说话,用不着喊。
  • Why are you shouting?你为什么大喊大叫?
  • Don't shout at me.不要对我叫喊。
  • 3.cry指大声呼喊,常表示惊讶、兴奋、惊恐,也指痛苦地哭喊,有时只表示一种感情,并不表示任何思想,有时是大声地说话。例如:
  • He cried with pain when the dentist pulled his tooth out.当牙医给他拔牙时,他疼得叫起来。
  • They heard someone crying out for help.他们听到有人大声呼救。
  • He cried the good news all over the village.他大声喊着把好消息告诉全村的人。
  • He cried that he had found the key.他大声叫喊找到了钥匙。
  • He cried her name in vain.他徒劳地叫着她的名字。
  • 4.shriek指在极端恐惧、痛苦、愤怒或狂笑时发出的更为刺耳的尖叫。例如:
  • He shrieked with pain.他痛得尖叫。
  • I shrieked with terror.我吓得尖叫起来。
  • She shrieked in alarm when she saw the mouse.她看见老鼠时惊恐地尖声喊叫起来。
  • 5.yell常指求援、鼓励时的呼叫; 也可用来指由于精神错乱、激怒、恐惧、悲痛、高兴等原因而发出的可怕的、发音不清楚的叫声,多指男人的大嚷大叫。例如:
  • She yelled out for help, but no one came.她高声呼救,但没有人来。
  • We yelled together for our team.我们一起为我们的球队呐喊鼓劲。
  • The company commander yelled out orders.连长大声地发出命令。
  • 6.exclaim则指因高兴、痛苦、惊讶而呼喊,比一般说话的音调稍高,但不如cry的音调高,感情色彩较强烈。例如:
  • He exclaimed how bitter his fate was.他叫喊道他的命运多悲惨啊。
  • “What!”he exclaimed.“什么!”他喊道。
  • They exclaimed against such oppression.他们大声疾呼反对这样的压迫。
  • cry,shout,exclaim,roar,scream,shriek,yell,call
  • 这些动词的共同含义是“喊”或“叫”。
  • cry一般指因恐惧、痛苦、惊奇等而喊叫。
  • shout指有意识地高声喊叫,常用于提出警告、发命令或唤起注意等。
  • exclaim多指因高兴、愤怒、痛苦、惊讶等突发感情而高声喊叫。
  • roar指发出大而深沉的声音、吼叫或咆哮。
  • scream指因恐具、快乐或痛苦而发出的尖叫声。
  • shriek指因惊恐、痛苦等或其它感情而发出比scream更为尖锐、刺耳的叫声。
  • yell多指求援、鼓励时的呼叫。也可指因外界因素刺激而发出尖厉声音。
  • call指大声说话或喊叫,以引起某人的注意。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 12世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古英语的screamen,意为尖叫。
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