[skeɪl]     [skeɪl]    
  • n. 刻度;等级,规模;音阶;量程;天枰,磅秤;鳞片,鳞状物
  • v. 攀登;按比例决定;称重;刮鳞;剥落
scalelike scaled scaled scaling scales



n. (名词)
  1. 刻度,尺度,标度
  2. 等级,级别, 等级体系
  3. 规模
  4. 磅秤,天平(盘)
  5. 鳞(片)
  6. 范围
  7. 音阶
  8. 程度
  9. 水垢,水锈
  10. 牙垢,牙石
v. (动词)
  1. 攀登, 到达…顶点
  2. 去鳞,刮去...的鳞片
  3. 刮除牙石
  4. 改变…的大小
  5. 减少(数量),缩小
  6. 增大,扩大
  7. 按重量把...分成均等部分
  8. 剥去...的介壳
  9. 用缩尺绘制
  10. 按比例排列
  11. 依比例决定
  12. 剥落
  13. 用梯子爬上
  14. 爬越
  15. 变成梯子,成梯形
  16. 逐步攀登,逐渐增高,逐步升高
  17. 用秤称,把...过秤,称…的重量
  18. 调节
  19. 安排
  20. 测量,量材积,估量,衡量


n. (名词)
  1. [P] 鱼鳞,鳞片 any of the thin overlapping plates of hard material covering the skin of many fish and reptiles
  2. [C] 鳞状物; 障眼物 thing resembling this, especially a loose flake of diseased skin or eyes
  3. [S] [U] 水垢,水锈 a hard covering on the inside of pots, hot-water pipes, etc.
  4. [C] 刻度,度数 series of marks at regular distances for the purpose of measuring
  5. [C] 比例(尺) relation between the actual size of sth and the map, diagram, etc. which represents it
  6. [U] [C] 规模 relative size, extent, etc.
  7. [C] 等级,级别 grade; rank
  8. [C] 音阶 an arrangement of notes in a system of music
  9. [C] 记(数)法,…(进)法 system of units for measuring
  10. [P] 天平,磅秤 balance or instrument for weighing
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 攀登,爬 climb up sth
  2. vt. 刮去(鱼等)的鳞片 remove the small flat hard pieces of skin from a fish


  1. an ordered reference standard;

    "judging on a scale of 1 to 10"

  2. relative magnitude;

    "they entertained on a grand scale"

  3. the ratio between the size of something and a representation of it;

    "the scale of the map"
    "the scale of the model"

  4. a specialized leaf or bract that protects a bud or catkin

  5. a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the skin

  6. (music) a series of notes differing in pitch according to a specific scheme (usually within an octave)

  7. a measuring instrument for weighing; shows amount of mass

  8. an indicator having a graduated sequence of marks

  9. a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners)

  10. a flattened rigid plate forming part of the body covering of many animals

  1. measure by or as if by a scale;

    "This bike scales only 25 pounds"

  2. pattern, make, regulate, set, measure, or estimate according to some rate or standard

  3. take by attacking with scaling ladders;

    "The troops scaled the walls of the fort"

  4. reach the highest point of;

    "We scaled the Mont Blanc"

  5. climb up by means of a ladder

  6. remove the scales from;

    "scale fish"

  7. measure with or as if with scales;

    "scale the gold"

  8. size or measure according to a scale;

    "This model must be scaled down"



用作名词 (n.)
  1. How much does it read on the scale?
  2. The force of the wind is measured on a standard scale of 0-12.
  3. The fifth note of a scale is called a dominant.
用作动词 (v.)
  1. It takes courage and strength to scale these cliffs.
  2. The company has begun to scale down its operations in Asia.


用作名词 (n.)
  1. Scales of skin peel off after scarlet fever.
  2. His explanations removed the scale from my eyes.
  3. A scale of rust covered the steel plate.
  4. This ruler has only one scale in centimeters.
  5. The scale of this map is an inch to a mile.
  6. He's in business on a small scale.
  7. For every year you've worked here you go up another step on the salary scale.
  8. His rapid ascent in the social scale was surprising.
  9. The butcher weighed the meat on the scales.
  10. He bears down on the scales at 276 pounds.
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The boys soon scaled the wall.
  2. They are determined to spare no efforts to scale the peaks in science and technology.
  3. You have to scale the fish before cooking it.


用作名词 (n.)
hang in the scales
    悬而未决not decided
turn the scales
    扭转局面cause to change situation


用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+介词


  • I weighed myself on her scales, and found I had lost weight.

    出自: C. Priest
  • Providence..weighs the nations in an even scale.

    出自: fig.
  • In the balancing of probabilities..the scales don't bump..either way.

    出自: J. Hilton
  • The scales are weighed heavily against him.

    出自: W. R. Geddes
  • An old green garden-seat with the paint peeling off in scales.

    出自: R. Firbank
  • Its scale..surpassed that of any England.

    出自: E. A. Freeman
  • The..intervention of foreign troops on a major scale.

    出自: G. F. Kennan
  • Our..wish to preserve the planet reduced to the scale of our competence.

    出自:Harper's Magazine
  • The..paint was scaling from the brick walls.

    出自: S. Bellow
  • The highest pass in seemed as if we were scaling heaven itself.

    出自: H. M. Field
  • A prisoner had escaped by scaling the roof.

    出自: C. Morgan
  • Cecil..never attained the literary heights which his brother so often scaled.

    出自: fig.
  • By this, is..the corrupt deputy scaled.

    出自:Measure for Measure , Shakespeare



v. (动词)
scale, climb
  • scale和climb都指攀登。scale仅指身体的动作,特别是为了越过障碍而采取的艰苦动作; climb强调吃力地或曲折地向上运动。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的escale,意为鳞,壳;最初源自古日耳曼语的sklo,意为分裂,分开。
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