penalty

  常用词汇  
['penəlti]     ['penəlti]    
  • n. 处罚;惩罚;不利;罚球
penalties
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penalty的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 刑罚
  2. 处罚
  3. 罚款
  4. 惩罚
  5. 损失
  6. 【体】犯规的处罚
  7. 罚球
  8. 不利结果
  9. 苦难
  10. 违约罚金
  11. 报应
  12. 【牌】罚点
  13. 【体】处罚
  14. 困难、障碍、不利后果
  15. 害处
  16. 不利
  17. 体育运动判罚
  18. 不利后果

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]惩罚,处罚 a punishment for breaking a law, rule
  2. [C]不利后果,损失 suffering or loss that is the result of one's unwise action or of sb's condition or situation

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the act of punishing

  2. a payment required for not fulfilling a contract

  3. the disadvantage or painful consequences of an action or condition;

    "neglected his health and paid the penalty"

  4. (games) a handicap or disadvantage that is imposed on a competitor (or a team) for an infraction of the rules of the game

penalty的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. A penalty clause was written into the contract.
    在合同中写入了一项罚款条款。
  2. She has paid the penalty for her crimes with five years in prison.
    她因犯罪受到惩罚被判刑五年。
  3. One of the penalties of fame is that people point at you on the street.
    当了名人的麻烦之一是在街上被人指指点点。
  4. One of the penalties of fame is loss of privacy.
    成名的弊端之一是失去了私人活动自由。
  5. He was brought down in the penalty area.
    他在罚球区被对方撞倒。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. If you knocked the ball with your hand in football, you will suffer a penalty.
    如果在踢足球时你用手碰到球,你将受到处罚。
  2. One of the penalties of fame is that people point at you in the street.
    当了名人的麻烦之一是人们在街上对你指指点点。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Seven drivers..escaped without financial penalty, when they were convicted..by the town's magistrates.

    出自:Headlight
  • An earthquake..saves two innocent young lovers from the death penalty exacted for adultery.

    出自: R. Christiansen

penalty的详细讲解:

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪中期进入英语,直接源自古法语的penalite;最初源自中世纪拉丁语的poenalitatem,意为处罚。
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