list

  常用词汇  
[lɪst]     [lɪst]    
  • n. 目录;名单;明细表;条纹;倾斜;<古>意向
  • v. 列出;(使)倾斜;<古>使高兴;愿意;<古>听
lister listed listed listing lists
new

list的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 目录,表,一览表,明细表,清单,名单,名册
  2. 倾斜
  3. 布条,布边,布头
  4. 狭条
  5. 木条
  6. 李斯特(人名)
  7. 条纹
  8. 各种上市证券
  9. <古>意向
v. (动词)
  1. 把...编列成表,把…列表,把...编入目录,把…编入名单 ,把…列入一览表,登记
  2. 列出,列举
  3. 记入目录中,记入表中,列入名单中
  4. <古>听,倾听
  5. <古>征募
  6. 列入军籍,入伍
  7. 给...装布边
  8. <古>倾斜
  9. 被列入价目表,被记入名单内
  10. (在证券交易所)将(证券)列入上市证券表

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]一览表,目录,名单,清单 a set of names of things written one after the other, so as to remember them or keep them in order so that they can be found
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 列出,列入,把…编列成表 put into or include in a list
  2. vi. 倾斜 lean or slope to one side

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a database containing an ordered array of items (names or topics)

  2. the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the vertical;

    "the tower had a pronounced tilt"
    "the ship developed a list to starboard"
    "he walked with a heavy inclination to the right"

Verb:
  1. give or make a list of; name individually; give the names of;

    "List the states west of the Mississippi"

  2. include in a list;

    "Am I listed in your register?"

  3. cause to lean to the side;

    "Erosion listed the old tree"

  4. tilt to one side;

    "The balloon heeled over"
    "the wind made the vessel heel"
    "The ship listed to starboard"

  5. enumerate;

    "We must number the names of the great mathematicians"

list的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. We should get the samples on the list to check.
    我们应该索取目录上的样品来检验一下。
  2. She complained about the omission of her name from the list.
    她抱怨名单上遗漏了她的名字。
  3. He wrote down his name on the list.
    他将他的名字写在清单上。
  4. Can you give me a price list with specification?
    你能否给我一份有规格说明的价目单吗?
  5. The tower had a list to the south.
    塔向南倾斜。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. We were asked to list our ten favourite songs.
    我们应要求列出自己最喜爱的十首歌曲。
  2. He listed all the things he had to do.
    他把自己必须做的事列成表。
  3. As they climbed into the dinghy, it began to list violently.
    当他们登上救生艇时,救生艇开始剧烈地倾斜。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. They made up a shopping list.
    他们制订了一份货物采购单。
  2. Does the club have a list of its all members?
    俱乐部里有全体成员的名单吗?
  3. He drew up a long list of good short stories.
    他列出很多篇好的短篇小说。
  4. The date of birth comes after the name in the list.
    在名册上,出生日期写在姓名之后。
  5. Neither his name nor my name was in the list of transferees.
    调动名单上既没有他的名字,也没有我的名字。
  6. My name was not on the list.
    名单上没有我的名字。
  7. Total these figures on the list.
    把表上这些数字加起来。
  8. His name was placed on the list of war criminals.
    他的名字被列入战犯名单。
  9. She scanned the list of names to see if hers was on it.
    她粗略地看了一下名单,想知道是否有她的名字。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The ship listed badly.
    船侧倾得很厉害。
  2. The ship lists to left.
    船向左侧倾。
  3. The trees all listed to leeward.
    树木统统向下风方向倾。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She listed all her engagements.
    她将所有的约会列了表。
  2. The teacher listed all the students' names.
    老师把所有学生的名字列了表。
  3. Mother listed the items she wanted to buy.
    妈妈把她要买的东西列了张表。
  4. 1
  5. His name was listed at the head of the factory's honour roll.
    在厂里光荣榜上,他名列榜首。
  6. The books are listed alphabetically.
    这些书是按字母顺序编入目录的。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +as n.
  1. He listed himself as a Marxist.
    他将自己列为马克思主义者。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
enter the list
    参加竞争;挑战 take part in a contest;challenge
head the list
    居名单之首 be the best of the successful candidates
make (up) a list of
    列出…的清单 enter in a list of sth
draw up a list
    列清单,列表 make a list
short list
    (从一个长名单中选出)少数人〔项目〕的名单(以便作最后的选择) list of few items 〔people〕, selected from a longer one, from which a final choice is made
用作动词 (v.)
list in( v.+prep. )
    列…在…上;在…上登记 make sth be in the list of sth
    list sth in sth

    Please list your name in the attendance register.

    请在出勤册上登记你的名字。

    Her name is listed in the telephone directory.

    她的名字被列在电话簿上。

list on( v.+prep. )
    列在…上 make a list on sth
    list sth on sth

    I shall list my errands on a card.

    我要把出去办的事列在一张卡片上。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The ship had developed a dangerous list to port.

    出自: S. J. Perelman
  • When it listeth him to call them to an account.

    出自: W. Raleigh
  • When me list to sadder tunes apply me.

    出自: P. Fletcher
  • I tried..to list the quotations on an interminable amount of stock.

    出自: Scott Fitzgerald
  • The Stock Exchange now lists the Shares of the Houston Natural Gas Corporation.

    出自:Listener
  • Kenneth Clark, writing on the 'New Romanticism in British Painting'..listed Sutherland, Piper and Moore as the leading figures.

    出自: F. Spalding
  • The deck listed with the weight of passengers.

    出自: A. Schlee
  • Sauntering about with the baby on her hip, listing to one side.

    出自: J. C. Oates

list的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. list用作名词时,其意思是“一览表,目录,名单,清单”,是可数名词,常用于a list of短语中。
v. (动词)
  1. list用作动词时,其意思是“列出,列入,把…编列成表”“编…目录”“登记”,是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语。也可接以as短语充当补足语的复合宾语。
  2. list也可作“向一侧倾斜”解,是不及物动词。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
in the list of, on the list of
  • 两者都可作“在…名单上”解。其区别仅在于in the list of是英式英语,而on the list of是美式英语。
  • list, catalogue, roll, table
  • 这几个词都有“表”“单”“册”的意思。其区别在于:catalogue是按字母顺序或其他方法排列的;而list则仅指列表,有时不必有严格的顺序;roll指人的花名册,尤指属于团体或军事单位的全体人员名册;table指便于迅速查阅的目录、表格。例如:
  • This is the list of the people who are going to the picnic.这是打算参加野炊的人员名单。
  • The teacher read the roll of graduates.教师宣读毕业生名单。
  • Find Volume 3 by reading in the table of contents.看着目录,找到第3卷。
  • v. (动词)
    list, catalogue, enroll, record, register
  • 这两个词都有“记录”的意思。其区别在于:
  • 1.record指对事件或情况的记载; register指正式的或官方的登记或注册。例如:
  • Some records of ancient civilization were discovered recently.最近发现了一些古代文明的史料。
  • By law we are required to keep a register of births and deaths.法律要求我们对出生和死亡进行登记。
  • 2.record还有“履历”的意思,而register则没有此义。例如:
  • The commander had an outstanding record in leading the army against the enemy.指挥官率领军队抗敌,功勋卓著。
  • list,catalog(ue),register,roll,schedule,table,chart,form
  • 这些名词均含“名单、目录、表格”之意。
  • list最普通用词,含义广。指按字母顺序、时间先后或类别等排列的姓名或项目等的单子。
  • catalog(ue)指列出有全部队名、物名或项目等的目录,有时指附有简要说明的分类名单或一览表。
  • register多指官方对人或事作出的正式书面记录或详细清单。
  • roll多指人员的姓名名单,尤指属于团体或军事单位的全体人员名单。
  • schedule既可指时间或计划的安排表,又可指详细列出的所有分类项的清单或细表。
  • table普通用词,一般指易于迅速查阅使用,具有特定编排方法的目录或表格。
  • chart指把资料制成表格等形式供人看的图表。
  • form指上面印有横线或格让人填写规定内容的表格。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自法语的liste;最初源自古意大利语的lista,意为名单,名册,表。
    今日热词
    目录 附录 查词历史