injure

  核心词汇  
['ɪndʒə(r)]     ['ɪndʒər]    
  • vt. 伤害;损害;损伤
injurer injured injured injuring injures
new

injure的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 伤害,危害,损害,毁坏
  2. 使受伤,使负伤
  3. 冤枉,委屈,使受屈
  4. 伤某人的感情,使痛心,使(感情)受到创伤
  5. 损害(名誉)

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 伤害; 损害 cause physical harm to (a person or animal), especially in an accident; hurt seriously

英英释义

Verb:
  1. cause injuries or bodily harm to

  2. hurt the feelings of;

    "She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests"
    "This remark really bruised my ego"

  3. cause damage or affect negatively;

    "Our business was hurt by the new competition"

injure的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Don't injure yourself with that tool.
    不要让那工具伤害到你。
  2. He that spare the bad injure the good.
    饶恕了恶人,伤害了好人。
  3. It would naturally injure him in her estimation.
    那自然也会损害到她对他的评价。
  4. This rough life threatened to injure his health,but he didn't mind.
    这种艰苦生活看来要损害他的健康,但他并不介意。
  5. She was injured badly in the accident.
    她在这次意外中受到重伤。
  6. He injured his left hand in a fire.
    他在火灾中伤了左手。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He injured his left arm in a car accident.
    在一次车祸中他的左臂受伤了。
  2. He injured his left hand in a fire.
    他在火灾中伤了左手。
  3. That letter injured her pride.
    那封信伤了她的自尊心。
  4. It is a shame that he should attempt to injure the reputation of an honest man.
    他试图伤害一个老实人的名誉,那是可耻的。
  5. 1
  6. In the railway accident 300 people were injured.
    在那次火车事故中有300人受伤。
  7. His internal organs were injured.
    他内部器官受了伤。
  8. His reputation will be badly injured by these vicious rumors.
    他的名誉会受到这些恶毒谣言的严重损害。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Peel fell from his horse..and was fatally injured.

    出自: W. S. Churchill
  • Anything was right that might injure the authorities.

    出自: R. Macaulay
  • Kopelev...was aware of the colonel's ire when his pride was injured.

    出自: M. Scammell

injure的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. injure可指身体上的伤害(如意外受伤等),也可指精神上的伤害(如伤害他人的名誉、成就等),用作及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
injure, damage, harm, hurt, impair, wound
  • 这组词的共同意思是“损害,损伤”。impair表示损伤某人〔物〕而导致削弱、缩小或减少其使用价值,也可指情绪的损伤; damage表示损害了表面,损害了人或物的某个部分或使之完全失掉用途; harm表示人的心理、健康、权力或事业上的损害,程度较轻; hurt多用来表示伤害身体或某一部位,或表示剧烈的疼痛或精神上受到伤害; injure表示身体或精神上各种性质及任何程度的伤害,多表示意外受伤; wound主要指在战斗中武器或凶器等造成的外伤或剧烈的痛苦。
  • hurt,injure,wound,cut
  • 这一组动词都有“受伤”的意思。
  • hurt为普通用语,既可指肉体上的伤害(可被badly, slightly, seriously等修饰),也可指精神上、感情上的伤害(被very much/rather/deeply修饰),多指伤痛。
  • injure比hurt正式,主要指意外事故中损害健康、容貌等,强调功能的损失。
  • wound指枪伤、刀伤、刺伤等皮肉之伤,是出血的、严重的伤,尤其指用武器有意造成的伤口、伤疤或战场上受伤。也可指人们精神上的创伤。
  • cut指无意中造成的轻伤。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自中古英语的iniurie,意为损害,损伤。
    今日热词
    目录 附录 查词历史