of especially an attitude;
"gave grudging consent"
"grudging acceptance of his opponent's victory"
petty or reluctant in giving or spending;
"a niggardly tip"
- If Mr Assad's hard line at home has earned grudging respect, so has his firmness in foreign relations.
- For as long as the world economy was growing fast, financial markets commanded grudging allegiance.
- But even the latter give him grudging respect, and you'll notice they're careful not to challenge him openly.
- grudge 怨恨