[ɡreɪn]     [ɡreɪn]    
  • n. 谷物;谷类;微量;颗粒;纹理;格令
  • v. 形成(颗粒);(用谷物)喂养
grainer grained grained graining grains



n. (名词)
  1. 纹理,质地
  2. 一点儿,少量,微量
  3. 谷粒
  4. 细粒,粒,颗粒
  5. 谷物,谷类,粮食
  6. 本质,气质
  7. 格令(英美制最小重量单位,0.0648克)
  8. 触感
v. (动词)
  1. (使)成粒状,把...作成细粒,(使)成颗粒,(使)结晶
  2. 使深深渗入
  3. 把…漆成木纹或石纹状
  4. 对粒面进行处理,使(皮革)糙面光滑,对(皮革)粒面进行最后处理
  5. 使表面粗糙
  6. 染透
  7. 刮去毛,把(兽皮)去毛,除去(兽皮)的毛
  8. 仿照木纹把(某物)的表面漆成纹理
  9. (用谷物)喂养
  10. 形成(颗粒)


n. (名词)
  1. [U][C]谷粒,谷物,谷类 a single seed of rice, wheat, or other similar food plants; crops from plants which produce these seeds, especially wheat
  2. [C]小的硬粒 tiny hard bit
  3. [U](天然)纹理 the natural arrangement of the threads or fibers in wood, flesh or cloth
  4. [C]微量,一点儿 very small amount
  5. [U](物的)纹理; (人的)性情,脾气,天性 the basic quality or characteristic of sth/sb


  1. a relatively small granular particle of a substance;

    "a grain of sand"
    "a grain of sugar"

  2. foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses

  3. the side of leather from which the hair has been removed

  4. a weight unit used for pearls or diamonds: 50 mg or 1/4 carat

  5. 1/60 dram; equals an avoirdupois grain or 64.799 milligrams

  6. 1/7000 pound; equals a troy grain or 64.799 milligrams

  7. dry seed-like fruit produced by the cereal grasses: e.g. wheat, barley, Indian corn

  8. a cereal grass;

    "wheat is a grain that is grown in Kansas"

  9. the smallest possible unit of anything;

    "there was a grain of truth in what he said"
    "he does not have a grain of sense"

  10. the direction, texture, or pattern of fibers found in wood or leather or stone or in a woven fabric;

    "saw the board across the grain"

  11. the physical composition of something (especially with respect to the size and shape of the small constituents of a substance);

    "breadfruit has the same texture as bread"
    "sand of a fine grain"
    "fish with a delicate flavor and texture"
    "a stone of coarse grain"

  1. thoroughly work in;

    "His hands were grained with dirt"

  2. paint (a surface) to make it look like stone or wood

  3. form into grains

  4. become granular



用作名词 (n.)
  1. We ship grain to Africa.
  2. There are a few grains of rice in a bowl.
  3. There isn't a grain of truth in it.
  4. The coffee was good, but thick with grains.
    咖啡很好, 但满是粒子。
  5. It's easiest to cut meat in the direction of the grain.
  6. Our new process locks up pounds of energy in every grain of the breakfast food.
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Physical isolation goes against the corporate grain, the hierarchy being organized around the office.
  2. And those tears slowly took the form of the grain when they first covered it, and later they began to form a small sphere.
  3. In China, many farmers grain the pigs.


用作名词 (n.)
  1. Farmers produced millions of tons of grain to feed the nation.
  2. The best-known grains are wheat,barley,oats,rye and maize.
  3. It is easiest to cut meat in the direction of the grain.


用作名词 (n.)
(a) grain(s) of
    a little 一点点,一些
be〔go〕 against the grain
    违反意愿be contrary to one's nature or inclination


用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词


  • Nor could he starve Naples out, since it was plentifully supplied with grain.

    出自: R. Graves
  • Fruit trees took the place of grain fields.

    出自: attrib.



n. (名词)
grain, corn
  • 这两个词都有“谷物”“谷粒”的意思。其区别在于:
  • 1.grain泛指“粮食作物”,也指“粒状物”; 而corn则可指“小麦、燕麦等的谷粒”。例如:
  • China grows most of the grains the world knows.中国种植有世界上已知的大多数谷类作物。
  • Corn includes such grains as wheat, barley and oats.谷物包括这几类,如小麦、大麦和燕麦等。
  • 2.corn在英国与grain同义,在美国和澳大利亚只指“玉米”。例如:
  • He grew a field of corn.他种了一片玉米。
  • There are many feed grains in the house.那所房子里有许多饲料谷物。
  • corn,crop,grain
  • 这些名词都有“谷物”之意。
  • corn主要指大麦、小麦、燕麦、裸麦、玉蜀黍这5种谷物及其粒子。
  • crop指谷物或果类等一年或一季的收成,也可指地里的农业作物或谷物。
  • grain指稻、麦等谷类及其粒子。
  • molecule,atom,particle,speck,grain
  • 这些名词均有“粒、微粒”之意。
  • molecule指物质中保持原物质的一切化学性质,能独立存在的最小微粒,即分子。
  • atom指元素的最小粒子,其体积比molecule小。
  • particle指任何物质的微粒,引申指任何小的部分。
  • speck一般指“微点”或“微粒”,可引申指“斑点、污点”。
  • grain通常指能为肉眼清楚看到的颗粒,比上述几个词所表“粒”的体积大。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1200年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的grein;最初源自古典拉丁语的granum,意为种子。
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