frighten

  核心词汇  
['fraɪtn]     ['fraɪtn]    
  • vt. 使惊吓;害怕
  • vi. 惊吓
frighteningly frightener frightened frightened frightening frightens
new

frighten的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 惊恐
  2. 使惊恐
  3. 害怕
  4. 使骇怕
  5. 使惊惧
  6. 吓唬…使其…
  7. 恫吓
  8. 使…惧怕
  9. 使…毛骨悚然
  10. 吃惊
  11. 震惊
  12. 惊动
  13. 怯色
  14. 慑于
  15. 吓唬
  16. 使…吓得
  17. 惊吓

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)惊恐 (cause to) fill with fear
  2. vt. 吓唬 influence or drive by fear

英英释义

Verb:
  1. cause fear in;

    "The stranger who hangs around the building frightens me"
    "Ghosts could never affright her"

  2. drive out by frightening

frighten的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. It is illegal to frighten a pigeon.
    惊吓鸽子是违法的。
  2. They tried to frighten the public into obedience.
    他们企图吓唬群众使他们屈服。
  3. He frightened the old man into giving him all the money.
    他恐吓那位老人把所有的钱都给了他。
  4. You frighten me, even though you're gentle with me.
    你使我害怕,尽管你对我很温柔。
  5. The little baby was frightened by the fierce dog.
    那个小孩被恶狗吓坏了。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. You'll find that I don't frighten easily.
    你会发现我不是轻易就会害怕的。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. You'll find that I don't frighten easily.
    你会发现我不是轻易就会害怕的。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He left his gun outside so as not to frighten his wife.
    他把枪留在外面以便不使他的妻子受到惊吓。
  2. Did the noise frighten you?
    那声音使你害怕吗?
  3. It frightened me sometimes to see that.
    看到那种事,有时真令我害怕。
  4. The hungry people in that country turned out in demonstration which frightened the ruling class.
    那个国家的饥饿群众纷纷示威游行,使统治阶级大为惊恐。
  5. 1
  6. We can never be frightened when our principles are concerned.
    牵涉到我们的原则时,我们是永远也吓不倒的。
  7. She was frightened to ride a bike.
    她不敢骑自行车。
  8. I was frightened that he might cut himself.
    我怕他会伤了他自己。
  9. The little girl was frightened her mother would not come back.
    这位小女孩害怕她妈妈不回来。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
be frightened at
    对…大吃一惊 feel very strange to (sth/sb)
    be frightened at sth

    He was frightened at the sight of the dog.

    一见到那条狗他吓了一跳。

    The child was frightened at the sight of fire.

    那孩子看到火吓了一跳。

    He was frightened at the noise.

    他被这响声吓了一跳。

be frightened of
    对…感到害怕 be afraid of (sb/sth)
    be frightened of sb/sth/v-ing

    I was frightened of him when I saw him first.

    我第一次见他时怕他。

    We were not frightened of the police.

    我们不怕警察。

    Why are you frightened of dogs?

    你为什么要怕狗?

    The girl was frightened of mice.

    那女孩害怕老鼠。

    Some people are frightened of thunder, others of snake.

    有些人害怕雷声,而有些人则害怕蛇。

    I wasn't frightened of the knife.

    我没有被刀子吓住。

    When you were a child, were you frightened of the dark?

    你在孩童时害怕黑暗吗?

    Ade was frightened of being left behind.

    艾德害怕一个人被撇下。

frighten away (v.+adv.)
    吓跑,吓走 go or run away with fear
    frighten sb ⇔ away

    They frightened that boy away.

    他们把那孩子吓跑了。

    The barking of the dog frightened the burglar away.

    狗吠把贼吓跑了。

    The boy frightened away the pigeons from the roof.

    那男孩把屋顶上的鸽子吓飞了。

    The sudden noise frightened the deer away .

    突如其来的响声把鹿吓跑了。

    He waved his torch to frighten away the wolf.

    他挥动火把把狼吓跑了。

frighten by (v.+prep.)
    由于〔通过〕…而惊吓〔吓倒〕 be afraid of (sb/sth)
    frighten sb by sth/v-ing

    He tried to frighten me by showing me a knife.

    他用刀子吓唬我。

    We will not be frightened by threats.

    威胁是不能把我们吓倒的。

    Are you frightened by earthquakes?

    你害怕地震吗?

    The horse was badly frightened by the sudden noise.

    那匹马被突然而来的嘈杂声吓坏了。

frighten from (v.+prep.)
    吓得(某人)不敢做(某事) prevent sb from sth or doing sth
    frighten sb from sth/v-ing

    They frightened him from his plan.

    他们吓得他放弃了他的计划。

    The presence of the police frightened many criminals from attempting further crimes.

    警察到场使许多犯罪分子不敢继续为非作歹。

frighten into (v.+prep.)
    恐吓(某人)做(某事) persuade sb through fear into sth
    frighten sb into sth/v-ing

    No enemy can frighten us into submission.

    任何敌人的恐吓都不能使我们屈服。

    His parents frightened him into going to school.

    他父母亲恐吓他上学去。

    Three robbers frightened the bank clerks into opening the safe.

    三名强盗威吓银行职员打开保险箱。

    They frightened him into telling them the secret.

    他们恐吓他以使他说出秘密。

    The child was frightened into silence.

    那孩子被吓得一声不吭。

    He was frightened into confession.

    他在恐吓之下招认了。

    The rascal was frightened into holding his tongue.

    这坏蛋吓得不敢往下说了。

frighten off (v.+adv.)
    吓走(某人) make (sb) leave through fear
    frighten sb ⇔ off

    He frightened off his attacker by calling for the police.

    他喊警察,吓跑了要向他行凶的人。

    The burglars were frightened off by the sound of our dog barking.

    盗贼被我们家狗的吠叫声吓跑了。

frighten out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
    恐吓(某人)放弃…; 把(某人)吓坏了 prevent (sb) from sth or doing sth through fear; make (sb) greatly afraid/worried
    frighten sb out of sth/v-ing

    The noise nearly frightened us out of senses.

    那种喧嚣声几乎使我们吓得失去知觉。

    You frightened me out of my wits, saying that you wanted to kill yourself.

    你说想自杀,简直把我吓坏了。

    The presence of the police frightened many criminals out of attempting further crimes.

    警察的出现使许多犯罪分子不敢继续为非作歹。

    She was frightened out of her life, catching sight of a snake coming up to her.

    看到一条蛇向她游来,她吓得要命。

    They were frightened out of their wits by our struggle.

    我们的斗争使他们吓破了胆。

frighten to (v.+prep.)
    把(某人)吓得(要死); 使(某人)非常担忧 make (sb) greatly afraid or worried
    frighten sb to death

    You frightened me to death, staying out all night!

    你整夜不回家,把我急死了!

    Flying frightens some people to death.

    坐飞机使一些人非常害怕。

    I was frightened to death.You must never play these practical jokes any more.

    我被吓得要死。你以后再也不能这样恶作剧了。

    They were frightened to death by the accident.

    那次事故把他们吓坏了。

    The old lady said that she was frightened to death by the earthquakes.

    那老太太说她被地震吓坏了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • If you can't..frighten her off touching things, you must..keep 'em out of her way.

    出自: George Eliot
  • The activities of the early trade unions frightened the Government into oppressive measures.

    出自: W. S. Churchill

frighten的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. frighten的基本意思是“使恐惧”“使害怕”。可指对一刺激的短暂反应,也可指充满害怕或恐惧的任何一种心理状态。在程度上则多指使人瘫作一团的“恐惧”。
  2. frighten一般用作及物动词,通常接人或动物作宾语。偶尔也可用作不及物动词,这时主动形式常含被动意义。
  3. frighten常用于be ~ed结构:其后接at, by, of或with表示被某一突然出现的人或物所惊吓; 接of还可表示习惯性地害怕某人或某物; 接介词to表示惊吓的程度。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
frighten from, frighten into
  • 这两个短语中介词不同,意思则完全相反:前者的意思是“吓得(某人)不敢做(某事)”,后者的意思是“恐吓(某人)做(某事)”。试比较:
  • The thunder frightened the child from crying.
  • 雷声把那孩子吓得不敢哭了。
  • The thunder frightened the child into crying.
  • 雷声把那孩子吓哭了。
  • frighten, fear
  • 这两个词都可表示“害怕”。其区别是:
  • fear表示一种相对长期的心理状态对某人或某事害怕,多指害怕已存在或即将到来的危险,并含有避开之义; frighten含义广泛,多指某物或某人使他人突然产生短暂的惊慌、恐惧的心理变化。例如:
  • She fears snakes.
  • 她怕蛇。
  • The snake frightened her.
  • 那条蛇吓她一跳。
  • frighten, astound
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“使吃惊”。它们的区别是:
  • 1.frighten常指突然受到惊吓或较强的意外刺激而吃惊,常伴有发抖、发呆、尖叫等身体反应,有惧怕的意味; astound指对某事难以相信而“吃惊”。例如:
  • He was astounded when he heard he had won.他听到他获胜时,大吃一惊。
  • 2.frighten的对象可以是人或动物; astound的对象只能是人。
  • 下面两个句子意思不同:
  • Were you frightened of the accident?
  • 你对这起事故感到惊恐吗?
  • Were you frightened by the accident?
  • 这起事故使你惊恐吗?
  • alarm,frighten,startle,terrify,scare,intimidate
  • 这些动词均有“惊吓、惊恐”之意。
  • alarm着重指某人意识到危险而突然产生的惊恐。
  • frighten普通用词,使用广泛,指产生突然、短暂的惊慌、恐怖感。
  • startle强调突然使人惊骇或震惊。
  • terrify语气最强,指惊骇得六神无主,魂飞魄散。
  • scare指非正式文体中可与frighten换用,但语气较重,侧重人受惊吓后立即停下正在干的事或跑掉。
  • intimidate特指恐吓某人,迫使其做某事。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      他们威胁那位老太太,让她在纸上签了字。

      They frightened the old lady to sign the paper.

      They frightened the old lady into signing the paper.

      说“恐吓(某人)做某事”时, frighten的宾语后不可接动词不定式,而应该接“into v -ing”短语来表示。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 1660年进入英语,直接源自古英语的fyrhto,意为惊吓,恐怖。
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