- vt. 使惊吓；害怕
- vi. 惊吓
- vt. & vi. (使)惊恐 (cause to) fill with fear
- vt. 吓唬 influence or drive by fear
cause fear in;
"The stranger who hangs around the building frightens me"
"Ghosts could never affright her"
drive out by frightening
- It is illegal to frighten a pigeon.
- They tried to frighten the public into obedience.
- He frightened the old man into giving him all the money.
- You frighten me, even though you're gentle with me.
- The little baby was frightened by the fierce dog.
- You'll find that I don't frighten easily.
- You'll find that I don't frighten easily.
- He left his gun outside so as not to frighten his wife.
- Did the noise frighten you?
- It frightened me sometimes to see that.
- The hungry people in that country turned out in demonstration which frightened the ruling class.
- We can never be frightened when our principles are concerned.
- She was frightened to ride a bike.
- I was frightened that he might cut himself.
- The little girl was frightened her mother would not come back.
- be frightened at
对…大吃一惊 feel very strange to (sth/sb)
be frightened at sth
He was frightened at the sight of the dog.
The child was frightened at the sight of fire.
He was frightened at the noise.
- be frightened of
对…感到害怕 be afraid of (sb/sth)
be frightened of sb/sth/v-ing
I was frightened of him when I saw him first.
We were not frightened of the police.
Why are you frightened of dogs?
The girl was frightened of mice.
Some people are frightened of thunder, others of snake.
I wasn't frightened of the knife.
When you were a child, were you frightened of the dark?
Ade was frightened of being left behind.
- frighten away (v.+adv.)
吓跑,吓走 go or run away with fear
frighten sb ⇔ away
They frightened that boy away.
The barking of the dog frightened the burglar away.
The boy frightened away the pigeons from the roof.
The sudden noise frightened the deer away .
He waved his torch to frighten away the wolf.
- frighten by (v.+prep.)
由于〔通过〕…而惊吓〔吓倒〕 be afraid of (sb/sth)
frighten sb by sth/v-ing
He tried to frighten me by showing me a knife.
We will not be frightened by threats.
Are you frightened by earthquakes?
The horse was badly frightened by the sudden noise.
- frighten from (v.+prep.)
吓得(某人)不敢做(某事) prevent sb from sth or doing sth
frighten sb from sth/v-ing
They frightened him from his plan.
The presence of the police frightened many criminals from attempting further crimes.
- frighten into (v.+prep.)
恐吓(某人)做(某事) persuade sb through fear into sth
frighten sb into sth/v-ing
No enemy can frighten us into submission.
His parents frightened him into going to school.
Three robbers frightened the bank clerks into opening the safe.
They frightened him into telling them the secret.
The child was frightened into silence.
He was frightened into confession.
The rascal was frightened into holding his tongue.
- frighten off (v.+adv.)
吓走(某人) make (sb) leave through fear
frighten sb ⇔ off
He frightened off his attacker by calling for the police.
The burglars were frightened off by the sound of our dog barking.
- frighten out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
恐吓(某人)放弃…; 把(某人)吓坏了 prevent (sb) from sth or doing sth through fear; make (sb) greatly afraid/worried
frighten sb out of sth/v-ing
The noise nearly frightened us out of senses.
You frightened me out of my wits, saying that you wanted to kill yourself.
The presence of the police frightened many criminals out of attempting further crimes.
She was frightened out of her life, catching sight of a snake coming up to her.
They were frightened out of their wits by our struggle.
- frighten to (v.+prep.)
把(某人)吓得(要死); 使(某人)非常担忧 make (sb) greatly afraid or worried
frighten sb to death
You frightened me to death, staying out all night!
Flying frightens some people to death.
I was frightened to death.You must never play these practical jokes any more.
They were frightened to death by the accident.
The old lady said that she was frightened to death by the earthquakes.
- frighten badly 大惊
- frighten deeply 害怕极了
- frighten easily 容易吓住
- frighten horribly 非常害怕
- frighten insidiously 暗暗地害怕
- frighten instinctively 本能地害怕
- frighten terribly 非常害怕
- frighten violently 害怕极了
- frighten away 吓跑
- frighten the burglar away 把贼吓跑
- frighten the dog away 把狗吓跑
- frighten the rat away 把老鼠吓跑
- frighten away the squirrels 吓跑松鼠
- frighten off 吓跑
- be frightened at 受…惊吓,看见…大吃一惊
- be frightened at the dog 看到狗就怕
- frighten by 由于〔通过〕…而惊吓〔吓倒〕
- frighten sb into 威吓某人做…
- frighten sb into confession 吓得某人招供
- frighten sb into fits 把某人吓得抽风
- frighten sb into obedience 恐吓某人使其屈服
- frighten sb into submission 吓唬某人屈服
- be frightened of 害怕
- be frightened of dog 害怕狗
- be frightened of the police 害怕警察
- frighten out of 威吓某人不做…
- frighten sb out of wits 把某人吓破了胆
- frighten sb to death 把某人吓得要死
- frighten sb with a horror story 用恐怖的故事吓唬某人
If you can't..frighten her off touching things, you must..keep 'em out of her way.出自： George Eliot
The activities of the early trade unions frightened the Government into oppressive measures.出自： W. S. Churchill
- frighten常用于be ～ed结构:其后接at, by, of或with表示被某一突然出现的人或物所惊吓; 接of还可表示习惯性地害怕某人或某物; 接介词to表示惊吓的程度。
- frighten from, frighten into
- The thunder frightened the child from crying.
- The thunder frightened the child into crying.
- frighten, fear
- fear表示一种相对长期的心理状态对某人或某事害怕,多指害怕已存在或即将到来的危险,并含有避开之义; frighten含义广泛,多指某物或某人使他人突然产生短暂的惊慌、恐惧的心理变化。例如:
- She fears snakes.
- The snake frightened her.
- frighten, astound
- 1.frighten常指突然受到惊吓或较强的意外刺激而吃惊,常伴有发抖、发呆、尖叫等身体反应,有惧怕的意味; astound指对某事难以相信而“吃惊”。例如:
- He was astounded when he heard he had won.他听到他获胜时,大吃一惊。
- 2.frighten的对象可以是人或动物; astound的对象只能是人。
- Were you frightened of the accident?
- Were you frightened by the accident?
误 They frightened the old lady to sign the paper.
正 They frightened the old lady into signing the paper.
析 说“恐吓(某人)做某事”时, frighten的宾语后不可接动词不定式,而应该接“into v -ing”短语来表示。
- ☆ 1660年进入英语，直接源自古英语的fyrhto，意为惊吓，恐怖。