- vt. & vi. 吃,喝; 吃饭 take in through the mouth and swallow solid food or soup; have a meal
- vt. 消耗,毁坏; 侵蚀,腐蚀,蛀蚀 damage or destroy sth; use up, damage, or destroy
take in solid food;
"She was eating a banana"
"What did you eat for dinner last night?"
eat a meal; take a meal;
"We did not eat until 10 P.M. because there were so many phone calls"
"I didn't eat yet, so I gladly accept your invitation"
take in food; used of animals only;
"This dog doesn't eat certain kinds of meat"
"What do whales eat?"
worry or cause anxiety in a persistent way;
"What's eating you?"
use up (resources or materials);
"this car consumes a lot of gas"
"We exhausted our savings"
"They run through 20 bottles of wine a week"
cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid;
"The acid corroded the metal"
"The steady dripping of water rusted the metal stopper in the sink"
- I often eat oatmeal as breakfast.
- Do you always eat lunch at school?
- If you eat too much chocolate you'll get fat.
- The Chinese eat with chopsticks.
- They usually eat out on Sundays.
- Do you like to eat vegetable soup?
- He was too ill to eat.
- When do we eat?
- We have eaten already.
- Don't eat so quickly.
- We eat at noon.
- I will eat at home.
- Sugar canes eat sweet.
- Crackers alone eat very dry.
- It eats crisp.
- This fish eats well.
- We eat to live, not live to eat.
- What shall we eat?
- She never eats fat.
- We challenged his statement, and before long had him eat his words.
- Time eats the strongest walls.
- An old car eats oil.
- Harvesting machines are eating their way well into many fields, in spite of the wet weather.
- The Sunday Times would absolutely eat this clap.
- She doesn't eat potatoes.
- He ate a piece of pear.
- She had never eaten Chinese food before.
- What do you usually eat for lunch?
- He eats a big supper.
- Tigers eat meat.
- She seldom eats her words.
- He said no one could beat him at tennis but he had to eat his words after losing twice.
- All the cakes were eaten by the boys.
- I made a fierce countenance as if I would eat him alive.
- Don't eat the rice cold.
- John and Mary ate their dinner cold.
- They usually ate the herb raw.
- eat at (v.+prep.)
eat at sb/sth
There was something else eating at him.
Loneliness ate at her heart.
- eat away (v.+adv.)
侵蚀,腐蚀,锈蚀; 咬坏,蛀坏 destroy gradually by erosion; damage sth by bite
Eat away, children, you are welcome to all you want.
They have been eating away for more than an hour.
The children are in the kitchen, eating away as usual.
孩子们在厨房里,像平常一样痛快地吃着东西。eat sth ⇔ away
The river is eating away the bank in several places.
The sea water is eating away the base of the cliff.
Frost and weather had eaten away the mortar.
Rust was eating away the iron post.
Cancer ate away the healthy flesh.
The rats have eaten away most of the woodwork.
This part has been eaten away by insects.
The river bank is slowly being eaten away .
河岸正在慢慢地被侵蚀掉。eat away at sth
The sea has been eating away at this cliff for centuries.
- eat from (v.+prep.)
用…吃饭 have a meal using sth
eat sth from sth
The Chinese eat rice from bowls.
- eat in (v.+adv.)
在学校就餐 have a meal at school
- eat into( v.+prep. )
对…产生不良的作用或影响 have bad effect on sb/sth
eat into oneself/sth
Don't let decadent ideas eat into yourselves.
Acids eat into metals.
The sulphuric acid ate into the parts of the metal where the coat of paint had peeled.
Can you see where the rust has begun eating into the bottom of the driver's door?
The substance has begun eating into the woodwork.
The insects eat into the wood.
The icy chill ate into my bones.
The sea has eaten into the north shore.
Don't leave the aluminium spoon in the saltcellar.It will be eaten into by salt.
别把铝勺留在盐罐中,因为盐腐蚀铝。eat into sth
The school fees have eaten into our savings.
The money they spent on the washing machine ate into their holiday savings.
Jim's illness has seriously eaten into his small savings.
吉姆因生病几乎花光了他不多的积蓄。eat oneself into sth
They were eating themselves into their graves.
他们吃喝过度,在自找死路。eat into sb/sth
The sort of Persian summer day here ate into you with its heat.
Guilt had been eating into his conscience for some months.
- eat of (v.+prep.)
吃…中的一部分 eat part of sth
eat of sth
They ate heartily of the meal.
The tiger ate of the deer.
- eat off (v.+prep.)
吃(某人)白食 eat at the cost of (sb else)
- eat out (v.+adv.)
〈口〉默默忍受痛苦; 极为悲伤 suffer in silence; be very sad
They can't afford to eat out nowadays.
They had to eat out because the stove broke down.
He used to eat out in the evening.
I'm too tired to cook tonight; shall we eat out?
I see no point eating out so often with a spacious and well-equipped kitchen at home.
We need a baby-sitter tonight, because we are eating out.
I used to eat out in the evening when my parents were on night shifts.
以前,我父母上夜班时,我常在外面吃晚饭。eat sth ⇔ out
Rust had eaten out the gun barrel.
A little oil presently eats out the colour.
只要有一点油就会使那颜色褪去。eat one's heart out
She is eating her heart out because Jim never writes to her.
She was eating her heart out for her missing child.
She is eating her heart out because she can't go to that dance.
It's no use eating your heart out about things that can't be helped.
What's done is done, and it's no use eating your heart out about it.
- eat out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
吃…中的食物 eat food in sth
eat out of sth
Make sure that the dog always eats out of his own dish.
- eat through (v.+prep.)
因化学作用把…蚀穿,腐蚀成洞 make a hole through (material or an object) by chemical action
- eat up (v.+adv.)
〈非正〉击败; 毁掉,搞垮 win one's opponent
Come on, eat up; there's plenty left!
There is plenty for us, so eat up!
东西多得很,吃个痛快吧!eat sth ⇔ up
After swimming all afternoon, they quickly ate up all their dinners.
The children ate up all the candies.
Eat up your vegetables; there's a good girl!
The boy was not allowed to leave the table until he had eaten up his vegetables.
The mother told the child to eat up her spinach and to drink up her milk.
After playing all afternoon, we were so hungry that we ate up all the cookies in the house.
The worms will soon eat up all the leaves on the trees if we don't stop them.
The cat ate up three little mice.
In a short while, the cat ate up the fish.
不久,那只猫便将鱼吃个精光。eat sth ⇔ up
Extravagant spending ate up his savings.
Rent eats up as much as 25 to 35 per cent of the whole family income.
That big house eats up money.
This new heating system eats up electricity.
It's true that it's a comfortable car, but it eats up the petrol.
It ate up all his time.
Idle talk had eaten up the hour before they knew it.
Don't let family cares eat up your interest in literary pursuits.
The flames ate up the building.
The house was eaten up by flames in no time.
Her savings have been eaten up by illness.
Wage increases were eaten up by the rise in the cost of living.
工资的增加全给生活费用的上涨抵消掉了。eat sb ⇔ up
Is something eating her up?She seems worried.
她有什么伤心事吗? 她似乎很烦恼。eat sth ⇔ up
He ate up the stories of their journeys.
When his friends told him that he was a first-class football player, he ate up their praise.
The girls told John he was a hero because he made the winning touchdown, and he ate up their praise.
姑娘们说约翰是英雄,因为他在比赛中赢得了决定性的一分,约翰听了心里乐滋滋的。eat sth ⇔ up
The boat was eating her way up towards the wind.
The little red car ate up the soggy miles.
Twenty minutes in the car ate up the distance between the two shipyards.
乘20分钟汽车,就赶完了两座船厂之间的路程。eat sb ⇔ up
He was such a clever speaker that he always ate up the opposition.
You shouldn't have put the new teacher in charge of that troublesome class; they'll eat him up.
- eat up with( v.+adv.+prep. )
〈非正〉充满强烈的(妒忌、欲望等)情感 be completely and violently full of (jealousy, desire, etc.)
be eaten up with sth
She seems to be eaten up with her own conceit.
Don't be eaten up with pride.
She was eaten up with jealousy.
He is being eaten up with curiosity.
Be careful not to get eaten up with pride.
- eat a hole 咬一个洞
- eat an apple 吃苹果
- eat bread 吃面包
- eat dirt 忍气吞声,低声下气,含垢忍辱
- eat egg 吃鸡蛋
- eat fish 吃鱼
- eat fruit 吃水果
- eat meat 吃肉
- eat one's words 收回前言,认错道歉
- eat porridge 喝粥
- eat post 蛀柱子
- eat soup 喝汤
- eat a great deal 吃得很多
- eat outdoors 在户外吃
- eat three times a day 一天吃三餐
- eat barbarously 野蛮地侵蚀
- eat enormously 大量地吃
- eat excessively 过量地食用
- eat fastidiously 挑剔地吃
- eat greedily 贪婪地吃
- eat healthfully 有益健康地吃
- eat heartily 吃得很痛快
- eat heavily 吃得很多
- eat hungrily 狼吞虎咽
- eat hurriedly 匆匆地吃
- eat incontinently 无节制地吃
- eat inordinately 过度饮食
- eat insufficiently 不够吃
- eat leisurely 悠闲自在地吃
- eat liberally 大量地吃
- eat noisily 发出响声地吃
- eat plentifully 大量地吃
- eat ravenously 大口吞食
- eat regularly 有规律地吃
- eat sparingly 吃得很节省
- eat swiftly 快速吃
- eat voraciously 狼吞虎咽地吃,贪食
- eat wolfishly 狼吞虎咽
- eat away 不停地吃,咬坏,蛀坏,侵蚀
- eat away the banks (河水)侵蚀两岸
- eat in 在家吃饭
- eat out 在外面吃饭
- eat one's heart out 忧伤过度,极为悲伤
- eat up 吃光,吞没,耗尽,使…劳累〔苦恼〕,使…沉迷于,对…极为欣赏
- eat up one's savings 耗尽自己的积蓄
- eat up with pride 骄傲冲昏了头脑
- eat against time 抓紧时间吃
- eat at 折磨
- eat between meals 吃零食
- eat for 吃什么,准备当
- eat from a bowl 用碗吃饭
- eat from tall trees 吃到高树上的叶子
- eat in 用…方式饮食
- eat into 腐蚀,耗费
- eat into metal 腐蚀金属
- eat into sb's pocket 使某人花费太多
- eat like 吃起来像
- eat off gold plates 用金盘子用餐
- eat out of 吃穷,听命于
- eat sb out of house and home 把某人吃穷
- eat through sth 把某物腐蚀穿
- eat to one's heart's content 吃得心满意足
- eat with relish 吃得津津有味
- eat with chopsticks 用筷子吃饭
On the table were eats the like of which..have never been seen on this isle.出自： J. P. Donleavy
He eat the insides of a clock and died after.出自： J. M. Synge
Some caterpillars have made themselves unpleasant to eat.出自： D. Attenborough
They found out he was eating his diet and his normal food.出自： M. Amis
- eat可用作及物动词或不及物动词; 用作及物动词时跟名词或代词作宾语。作“吃”解时其宾语可以为食物,也可为a meal, one's breakfast等词。
- eat of, eat up
- The lion ate of the sheep.
- The lion ate up the sheep.
- eat out, dine out
- 两者都有“在外吃饭”的意思。其区别在于:eat out通常只指在饭馆吃饭,不指在亲友家吃饭,而dine out可以指在饭馆吃饭,也可以指在亲友家吃饭。例如:
- The single man was tired of instant noodle and ate out for a change.这个单身汉吃腻了方便面,于是下馆子换换口味。
- Did you remember that we had dined out at the Smiths?你记得我们曾在史密斯家吃过饭吗?
- eat, feed
- 1.用作及物动词时, eat的主语多为人,偶尔可为动物(拟人化),宾语为食物; feed的主语一定为人,宾语为动物或者是老弱病残者。例如:
- We ate much the same thing for breakfast every day.每天早餐我们总是吃这些同样的东西。
- The nurse is feeding the patient by means of a spoon.护士在用汤匙给病人喂饭。
- 2.用作不及物动词时, eat的主语可为人,也可为食物(这时主语含有被动意义); feed的主语则为动物。例如:
- This kind of mushroom is eaten cooked.这种蘑菇是炒熟了吃的。
- The horses were feeding quietly in the field.马群在田野里悄悄地吃着东西。
- 3.eat只接简单宾语, feed除接简单宾语外,还可接双宾语,而eat不能接双宾语。例如:
- You may feed them anything you like.你喜欢喂它们什么就喂什么。
- eat, consume, devour, ingest, swallow
- 这几个词的共同意思是“吃”。其区别在于:eat最常用,指放入口中经过咀嚼再吞咽下去的过程,对人或物都适用,引申指缓慢地逐渐腐蚀或消磨过程; consume指吃完全部食物或喝光所有饮料,引申指消耗光所有的物质、金钱等; devour强调狼吞虎咽地吃,引申指吞灭或毁灭; ingest是生理学用语,指咽下或吸收的过程; swallow指不经过充分咀嚼就囫囵吞入肚中,强调匆忙。例如:
- The termites have eaten deep into the wood.白蚁已经把木头蛀得很深了。
- The fire soon consumed the wooden building.大火不久就烧毁了这座木头建筑物。
- He was devoured by hate.他满腔怨恨。
- Twelve workers have ingested radioactive substances well above the permitted maximum.12名工人摄入体内的放射性物质已大大超过最大限度。
- This drug can't be swallowed; it has to be injected.这药不能吞服,只能注射。
误 Please eat as you like.
正 Please help yourself.
析 表示“随便吃”,一般说help yourself, eat不含“随便”之义。花生吃起来很可口。
误 Peanuts eat delicious.
正 Peanuts are delicious.
误 He ate a breakfast quickly.
正 He ate his breakfast quickly.
正 He had a breakfast quickly.
析 eat a breakfast, lunch, supper等不合习惯,应该把a改为his, her, your等物主代词,或把eat改成have。医生告诉他一天吃三次药。
误 The doctor told him to eat the medicine three times a day.
正 The doctor told him to take the medicine three times a day.
析 表示“吃药”这一概念时,一般说take medicine或have medicine,不说eat medicine。他不知道怎样用筷子来吃东西。
误 He doesn't know how to use chopsticks to eat with.
正 He doesn't know how to use chopsticks to eat.
正 He doesn't know how to eat with chopsticks.
析 表示“用筷子”,可说use chopsticks或with chopsticks, with含有“用”的意义,故用use就不必再用with。毕业后我一直在家吃饭。
误 I have eaten at home since my graduation.
正 I have been eating at home since my graduation.
误 He said he would pay me back the money within a week, but he ate his word.
正 He said he would pay me back the money within a week, but he broke his word.
析 eat one's word和break one's word意思不同,前者意为“认错道歉,收回前言”,后者才是“食言,失信”的意思。
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的etan，意为吃。