compensate

  常用词汇  
['kɒmpenseɪt]     ['kɑːmpenseɪt]    
  • v. 补偿;赔偿;付报酬
compensative compensator compensated compensated compensating compensates
new

compensate的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 酬报,酬劳,给...报酬,给...付工钱
  2. 改变货币含金量以稳定货币
  3. 补偿;赔偿;弥补;抵偿;抵消
  4. 【经】稳定购买力
  5. 【物】补偿...的变差
  6. 【机】补整
  7. 补充,补助

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 补偿,酬报 provide with a balancing effect for some loss or sth lacking; make a suitable payment for some loss

英英释义

Verb:
  1. adjust for;

    "engineers will work to correct the effects or air resistance"

  2. make amends for; pay compensation for;

    "One can never fully repair the suffering and losses of the Jews in the Third Reich"
    "She was compensated for the loss of her arm in the accident"

  3. make up for shortcomings or a feeling of inferiority by exaggerating good qualities;

    "he is compensating for being a bad father"

  4. make reparations or amends for;

    "right a wrongs done to the victims of the Holocaust"

  5. do or give something to somebody in return;

    "Does she pay you for the work you are doing?"

  6. make payment to; compensate;

    "My efforts were not remunerated"

compensate的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Nothing can compensate for the loss of one's health.
    什么都不能补偿健康受损。
  2. She was compensated by the insurance company for her injuries.
    她受伤后获得保险公司的赔偿。
  3. You will have to compensate us for the loss.
    你必须赔偿我们的损失。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. A baseball player who is not a speedy runner can compensate by powerful hitting.
    跑动速度不快的棒球手可以凭有力的击球来弥补。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The government compensated the families of the men who were killed in the accident.
    政府为在事故中死亡者的家属提供赔偿。
  2. She used her good looks to compensate her lack of intelligence.
    她利用她漂亮的外表来弥补智力的不足。
  3. 1
  4. She was compensated by the insurance company for her injuries.
    她受伤后获得保险公司的赔偿。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
compensate for (v.+prep.)
    赔偿,补偿损失 make a suitable payment; give (sth) to make up for loss
    compensate for sth

    Nothing can compensate for losing my husband.

    我失去丈夫的损失是无法弥补的。

    Nothing can compensate for the loss of one's health.

    失去健康是无法补偿的。

    The marvelous acting compensated for the play's weak script.

    本剧的精彩表演弥补了剧本的不足。

    compensate sb for sth/v-ing

    The company compensated her for the extra work.

    公司对她所干的额外工作予以补偿。

    The hunters compensated the farmer for killing his cow by paying him.

    猎人们给了这位农民钱,以作为打死他的牛的赔偿。

    The firm must compensate you for your travelling costs.

    这个商行必须偿付给你差旅费。

compensate with (v.+prep.)
    弥补 give (sth) to make up for loss
    compensate sth with sth

    He compensated his homely appearance with great personal charm.

    他的个人魅力美化了他那其貌不扬的外表。

    I compensated his loss with money.

    我赔偿他的经济损失。

    They compensated my loss of time with money.

    他们用钱来补偿我的时间损失。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The benefit of it would not compensate the danger.

    出自: W. Dampier

compensate的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. compensate的基本意思是“赔/补偿(损失、伤害等)”“弥补(缺陷)”或“抵消某种影响”等,可用于经济方面,也可用于抽象事物。
  2. compensate用作及物动词时,以起补偿作用的人或事物作主语,以被补偿的事物或人作宾语。用作不及物动词时,接for表示补偿的对象; 接with表示用于补偿的同类事物。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
compensate, atone, redeem
  • 这组词都表示“补偿”。其区别是:
  • compensate主要含有“赔偿(损失)”“酬报(劳役)”等意思; redeem主要含有“赎回(抵押品)”“弥补(过错)”“挽回(荣誉)”等意思; atone与for连用表示“赎”“补偿(过失或过错)”,但atone只能用于比较严重的场合。
  • compensate, balance, counterbalance, counterpoise, countervail, offset
  • 这组词都可表示“赔偿,弥补”。其区别是:
  • compensate表示“赔偿”,意思最广泛,可以指补偿损失、酬报劳役、弥补缺陷等; countervail表示“补偿”,强调在能力或效率方面可以抵消已造成的影响、伤害或损失。balance表示“弥补”,指相互调节,以达到在数量、质量、大小、重要性或效率等方面的平衡或均衡; offset表示“弥补”,强调在善与恶、得与失、赢与亏等方面的均衡; counterbalance表示“弥补”“抵消”,多指弥补不足之处; counterpoise表示“抵消”“均衡”,指提供相同的重量或相等的价值等。
  • compensate, indemnify, pay, reimburse, remunerate, satisfy
  • 这组词均可表示“报偿”。其区别在于:
  • 1.pay的基本意思是“偿还债务”,引申可表示多种意思,不一定指实际上的“金钱”。
  • 2.compensate强调用相等的金钱或者价值相当的东西来“赔偿”失去的东西或“酬劳”他人付出的劳力。例如:
  • Many firms compensate their workers if they are hurt at work.许多公司都对工作时受伤的工人给予赔偿。
  • 3.remunerate暗示或许诺要给予“报答”,但不一定兑现。例如:
  • I will remunerate you my debt for gratitude.我要报答我对你的感激之情。
  • We only hope we can remunerate you for the pleasure you have given us.我们只希望能够报答你给我们带来的快乐。
  • 4.satisfy特指依据法律或法庭的判决加以“赔偿”,以满足其要求或还清某种债务。例如:
  • He had to satisfy all claims for the damage he had caused.他必须赔偿他造成的所有损失。
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labour.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • 5.reimburse专指为他人报销办事时的花销。例如:
  • All expenses will be reimbursed to the customer for any loss or damage.一切费用都能给你报销。
  • 6.indemnify指允诺或实际赔偿损失,但赔偿额不一定同损失额持平。例如:
  • Their former enemies indemnified the victorious nations for the huge loss.战胜国要求战败国交付巨额赔款。
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