calamity

  扩展词汇  
[kə'læməti]     [kə'læməti]    
  • n. 灾难;不幸事件
calamities
new

calamity的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 灾难
  2. 不幸
  3. 灾祸
  4. 苦难
  5. 灾害
  6. 困苦
  7. 大祸临头
  8. 无妄之灾
  9. 浩劫
  10. 劫数
  11. 不测事件
  12. 大祸
  13. 大灾害
  14. 不幸事件

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C][U]灾祸,灾难 accident;disaster

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an event resulting in great loss and misfortune;

    "the whole city was affected by the irremediable calamity"
    "the earthquake was a disaster"

calamity的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The recent flooding in the south was a calamity.
    最近南方的洪水是一场灾难。
  2. She is always on the alert for some new calamity.
    她总是保持警觉以防某种新的灾难。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Calamity stalks in that country.
    灾难在那个国家蔓延。
  2. If we had been careful such a calamity would not have befallen us.
    假如我们谨慎的话,这种灾难不会降临到我们的头上。
  3. The marriage proved to be the greatest calamity of his life.
    事实证明这桩婚姻是他一生中最大的不幸。
  4. It will be a calamity if I fail my exam.
    这次考试如果通不过我就惨了。
  5. They kept a record of earthquake calamity.
    他们记录地震所发生的灾祸。
~+ prep. -phrase
  1. I am afraid my report for the past year is not a very cheerful one,it is the story of one calamity on the back of another.
    恐怕我关于去年的报告不令人愉快,那是一个接一个的灾难故事。
  2. The frost last week was a great calamity to the citrus industry.
    上周的霜冻对柑橘种植业是一场大灾难。
  3. The spring floods were a great calamity to the farmers whose crops and homes were ruined.
    这场春季洪水对那些房屋和庄稼被毁的农民来说是一场大灾难。
  4. The loss of the ship was a calamity to the navy.
    该船的沉没为海军的一大不幸。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • So full is the world of calamity, that every source of pleasure is polluted.

    出自: S. Johnson

calamity的详细讲解:

词义辨析

n. (名词)
calamity, catastrophe, disaster
  • 这三个词均可指不幸的灾难。disaster指人为的或自然的灾祸; calamity指造成的灾祸比disaster更大; catastrophe指造成的损失无法补偿。
  • disaster,calamity,catastrophe,misfortune
  • 这些名词均表示“灾难”或“不幸”之意。
  • disaster普通用词,指大破坏、痛苦或伤亡。
  • calamity多指个人的不幸,比disaster严重,强调灾难引起的悲痛以及对于损失的感觉。
  • catastrophe语气最强,指可怕的灾难,强调最终的结局。
  • misfortune多指较为严重的不幸,强调不幸多由外界因素所致。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 15世纪初期进入英语,直接源自中古法语的calamite,意为灾难。
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