- n. 话题；科目；主题；题材；主观；[语]主语
- n. 实验对象；(君主国)国民
- adj. 易患的；服从的
- vt. 使服从；使隶属；使遭遇
- 使遭遇，使蒙受，使受... ，使患... ，使遭受...
- 提出， 呈核
- [C] 主题,题目 the thing that is dealt with or represented in a piece of writing, work of art, etc.
- [C] 话题,考虑的问题 sth being talked about or considered
- [C] 学科,科目; 课程 a branch of knowledge studied, especially in a system of education
- [C] 主语,主词 (in grammar) a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun, person or thing that performs the action of the verb or about which sth is stated
- [C] 臣民,国民 person who lives in the land of, is protected by, and owes loyalty to a certain state or especially royal ruler
- vt. 征服; 使服从 bring, get (a country, nation, person) under control
- vt. 使遭受; 经历 cause to undergo or experience
- [P] 易受…的,倾向于…的,易患…的,可能(有)…的 tending or likely (to have)
- 隶属于…的,受…支配的 governed (by) or dependent (on)
- 受约束〔管辖〕的,不独立的 governed by sb else, not independent
- 取决于…,有待于 … depending on
the subject matter of a conversation or discussion;
"he didn't want to discuss that subject"
"it was a very sensitive topic"
"his letters were always on the theme of love"
something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation;
"a moving picture of a train is more dramatic than a still picture of the same subject"
a branch of knowledge;
"in what discipline is his doctorate?"
"teachers should be well trained in their subject"
"anthropology is the study of human beings"
some situation or event that is thought about;
"he kept drifting off the topic"
"he had been thinking about the subject for several years"
"it is a matter for the police"
(grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the grammatical constituent about which something is predicated
a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation;
"the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly"
"the cases that we studied were drawn from two different communities"
a person who owes allegiance to that nation;
"a monarch has a duty to his subjects"
(logic) the first term of a proposition
possibly accepting or permitting;
"a passage capable of misinterpretation"
"open to interpretation"
"an issue open to question"
"the time is fixed by the director and players and therefore subject to much variation"
being under the power or sovereignty of another or others;
"a dependent prince"
likely to be affected by something;
"the bond is subject to taxation"
"he is subject to fits of depression"
cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to;
"He subjected me to his awful poetry"
"The sergeant subjected the new recruits to many drills"
"People in Chernobyl were subjected to radiation"
make accountable for;
"He did not want to subject himself to the judgments of his superiors"
make subservient; force to submit or subdue
refer for judgment or consideration;
"The lawyers submitted the material to the court"
- She dare not mention the subject again.
- Mathematics is her favorite subject.
- He is said to be writing a paper on this subject.
- Hawthorne concedes that normal life can be a subject for art.
- Art is the object of feeling, and the subject of nature.
- The subject of a sentence and its verb must agree in number.
- We need some male subjects for a psychology experiment.
- Mary is very subject to colds.
- Students should be subject to the discipline of their university.
- Ancient Rome subjected most of Europe
- Ancient Rome subjected most of Europe
- He was subjected to the harshest possible conditions
- This is a book on the subject of love.
- We sort books by subject.
- Why didn't you select a nice subject?
- What is the subject of the poem?
- The subject of the composition is “Holidays in the Country”.
- I could hear father sounding off to his class on his favourite subject again.
- She managed to steer the conversation towards the subject of her birthday party.
- Don't try to skate over the question by changing the subject.
- Every time that delicate subject was mentioned, he would sheer off from it.
- He cast me a glance, reminding me that I was off the subject.
- He handled the subject in a masterly way.
- His speech showed that he didn't understand the subject.
- The class separated into several smaller groups to talk about the subject.
- We didn't get to the core of the subject.
- He was the subject of much criticism.
- History is my favourite subject at school.
- The subject is taught in a slipshod manner.
- How many subjects are you studying this semester?
- A sentence is composed,usually,of two parts,the subject and the predicate.
- The tyrant's oppressed subjects cry out for their liberty.
- French by birth and a British subject by marriage.
- He proposed a subject for the debate.
- This is certainly a subject for further investigation.
- His strange clothes were the subject for great amusement.
- His appearance was the subject for critical comment.
- Lateness and carelessness are subjects for complaint.
- The Aztecs subjected the neighbouring tribes.
- These people have been subjected by another tribe.
- This is a subject tribe
- This is a subject province.
- He is subject to fever.
- Are you subject to colds?
- Organic substances are always subject to slow attack by oxygen.
- Japan is subject to earthquakes.
- You must realize,John, that you must be subject to government policy.
- We are all subject to the rules of the school.
- This party is subject to government supervision.
- Not all income is subject to taxation.
- The plan is subject to the approval of the committee.
- Subject to your consent,I will try again.
- Subject to your approval, we'll go ahead.
- This can only be done subject to the consent of the author.
- subject matter
主题,内容 content of a book, speech, etc., especially as contrasted with the style
- subject to( v.+prep. )
使(自己)接受〔容忍〕… allow (oneself) to receive and accept (sth)
- address a subject 提出问题
- avoid a subject 回避问题
- bring up a subject 提出问题〔主题,学科〕
- change the subject 改变话题〔主题〕
- choose a subject 选择题目〔学科〕
- comment on a subject 评论问题〔学科〕
- consider a subject 考虑问题〔题目〕
- deal with a subject 处理〔论述〕某一问题
- discuss a subject 讨论题目〔问题,学科〕
- drop a subject 放弃一个题目
- form subjects of daily debate 成为每日谈论的话题
- give up a subject 放弃一个题目,学科
- go into a subject 探究某问题
- grasp subject 抓住问题〔主题〕
- handle the subject 处理这问题
- introduce a subject 引进话题,介绍课题
- leave this subject 抛开这个题目
- master a subject 掌握某门课程
- return to a subject 回到话题〔问题〕上来
- see the subject 看待这个问题
- set the subject (作文)命题,出题
- study the subject 研究这个问题
- tackle a subject 着手处理〔解决〕某问题,着手学习某门课
- take a subject 着手处理某问题,学习某科学
- treat a subject 论述某问题
- attractive subject 有吸引力的话题〔题目,学科〕
- basic subject 基础科学
- British subject 英国臣民
- complex subject 复杂的问题
- compound subject 复合主语
- delicate subject 需要慎重处理的事情,微妙〔棘手〕的问题
- difficult subject 难搞的题目〔学科〕
- disagreeable subject 不愉快的话题
- impersonal subject 非人称主语
- interesting subject 有趣的题目〔学科〕
- loyal subject 忠诚的子民
- main subject 〈英〉主要科目〔问题〕
- major subject 〈美〉主要科目
- medical subject 内科病人
- minor subject 〈美〉副科
- naturalized subject 归化的臣民
- pleasant subject 令人愉快的话题
- separate subject 独立的学科
- simple subject 简单的问题
- suitable subject 合适的主题
- surgical subject 外科病人
- thorny subject 棘手的问题
- vital subject 极其重要的问题
- subject matter 主题,要点,题材
- beside the subject 离题
- on the subject 关于这个问题
- on the subject of 谈到,论及,关于
- on the subject of money 谈到钱
- work on this subject 有关这问题的著作
- subject for 供…的题目
- subject for complaint 抱怨的理由
- subject for congratulation 值得庆贺的事
- subject for debate 供争论的题目
- subject of a sentence 句子的主语
- subject of public interest 公众关心的问题
- subject to 经受…,处于…的统治之下
Many..Lebanese residing in Egypt became French subjects.出自：Times
His Majesty replied that he could not possibly sit down with a subject.出自： E. Longford
I am a subject of the British Crown. You can't put me under arrest.出自： A. Burgess
The freest of all the states..became subject to a despot.出自： M. Howitt
Perpetual conflict between the ruling class and the subject class.出自： T. B. Bottomore
The city had been subjected to Macedonian rule, first by Philip, then by Alexander.出自： J. Heller
- subject还可作“隶属于…的,受…支配的”解,指须服从某事物或某人或受某事物或某人支配,在句中常用作表语; subject还可指政治上“不独立的”,在句中常用作定语。
- subject to引出的形容词短语,还可在句子中作状语,意为“在…条件下”“取决于…”。
- 当subject解释为“题材”时，其意思并不表示“那题材的文字”(title)，例：Dictionary of English Usage，在这词典中subject是英语的惯用法，即English Usage，而title则是Dictionary of English Usage；
- subject和citizen的区别，Chinese citizen和British subject，很明显可以看出，citizen一般指共和国的公民，subject一般指君主国的国民；
If you subject me to ridicule, I become the object of your ridicule.
- subject, theme, topic
- subject着重指文章、书籍、画或谈话等所涉及对象的题目或主题; topic指谈话的话题或文章的题目; theme则指谈话或文章的主题,即中心思想。例如:
- The article has not exhausted the subject.这篇文章并没有把这个问题讲透。
- The accident was the sole topic of conversation.那事故是谈话的唯一话题。
- All his articles seemed an expression of the same theme.他所有的文章好像反映了同一个主题。
- subject, citizen
- subject一般泛指君主国的臣民百姓或国民; citizen指民主国家的“国民,公民”。例如:
- She is a British citizen but lives in India.她是英国公民,但住在印度。
- Every British person is a subject of the queen.每个英国人都是女王的臣民。
- subject, object
- 这两个词均可表示“对象”。其区别在于:object为行为、感觉、思索的对象; 而subject为待处理,用以实验的对象。例如:
- He is an object for scorn rather than for pity.他不是怜悯而是鄙视的对象。
- He was the subject of much criticism.他是许多批评的对象。
- subject, submit
- subject着重强调使对方处于权威的影响或控制之下; 而submit则强调使服从或屈服于某人的意志或权力。例如:
- He was losing the fight but he would not submit.他在拳击中正在节节败退,但绝不屈服。
- ☆ 14世纪初期进入英语，直接源自古法语的suget，意为平民，臣民；最初源自拉丁语的subjectus：sub （往下） + jacere (放置），意为放置其下。