states

  基本词汇  
[steɪt]     [steɪt]    
  • n.情形;状态;国家;州;政府
  • adj.国家的;州的;国事礼仪的
  • v.陈述;声明;说明;规定
stated stated stating states
new

state是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 情况
  2. 国家
  3. 政府
  4. 美国
  5. 形势
  6. 状况, 情形
  7. 状态
  8. 地位
  9. 身分
  10. 形态
  11. 心态
  12. 兴奋状态
  13. 美国国务院
  14. 美国的州
  15. 威严
  16. 豪华
adj.(形容词)
  1. 州的,邦的
  2. 正式的,官方的
  3. 国家的,政府的
  4. 国事的
  5. 国务的,公务的
  6. 仪式用的
  7. 来宾用的
  8. 华丽的,壮丽的
  9. 州营的
  10. 国家提供的
  11. 国事礼仪的
  12. 隆重的
v.(动词)
  1. 陈述,声明,说明,讲,说出
  2. 指定,确定,规定
  3. 【数】用符号或代数式表示
  4. 声言,断言,声明,宣称
  5. 叙述,表述
  6. 总结
  7. 下笔
  8. 亮出,公布
  9. 排定

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C] 状态,状况 a condition in which a person or thing is; a particular way of being, feeling, or thinking considered with regard to its most important or noticeable quality
  2. [C] 国家,政府 the government or political organization of a country
  3. [C] 州; 邦 any of the smaller partly self-governing areas making up certain nations
  4. [U] 盛礼; 隆重的仪式 the grandness and ceremony connected with governments and rulers
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 陈述 say; express
  2. vt. 规定 set in advance

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
states : 态 ...
在 《外教社物理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
states : 国家 ...
在 《外教社人类学英语词典》 中查看更多...
states : 状态 ...
在 《外教社数学英语词典》 中查看更多...
states : 国家 ...
在 《外教社社会学英语词典》 中查看更多...
states : 国家 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
states : 状态, 国家 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
states : 状态, 国家 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
states : 国家, 政府 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
states : 状态 ...
在 《外教社计算机英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation;

    "his state is in the deep south"

  2. the way something is with respect to its main attributes;

    "the current state of knowledge"
    "his state of health"
    "in a weak financial state"

  3. the group of people comprising the government of a sovereign state;

    "the state has lowered its income tax"

  4. a politically organized body of people under a single government;

    "the state has elected a new president"
    "African nations"
    "students who had come to the nation's capitol"
    "the country's largest manufacturer"
    "an industrialized land"

  5. (chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the container);

    "the solid state of water is called ice"

  6. a state of depression or agitation;

    "he was in such a state you just couldn't reason with him"

  7. the territory occupied by a nation;

    "he returned to the land of his birth"
    "he visited several European countries"

  8. the federal department in the United States that sets and maintains foreign policies;

    "the Department of State was created in 1789"

Verb:
  1. express in words;

    "He said that he wanted to marry her"
    "tell me what is bothering you"
    "state your opinion"
    "state your name"

  2. put before;

    "I submit to you that the accused is guilty"

  3. indicate through a symbol, formula, etc.;

    "Can you express this distance in kilometers?"

state的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. She wept to see him in such a state.
    她一见他那种情形簌簌泪下。
  2. The house has fallen into a state of neglect.
    这所房屋已处于荒废的状态。
  3. The head of state was deposed by the army.
    国家元首被军队废黜了。
  4. Alaska is a state of ample size.
    阿拉斯加是个大州。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. He was wary of telling state secrets.
    他小心翼翼以免泄漏国家机密。
  2. She teaches in a state university.
    她在一所州立大学任教。
  3. The Queen is on a state visit to Moscow.
    女王正对莫斯科进行国事访问。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Please state the facts honestly.
    请如实地陈述事实。
  2. They do not state that she is ( or is not ) a good teacher.
    他们没有声明她是(或不是)一个好教师。
  3. State your name and address.
    请说出你的姓名和地址。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Air whether in the gaseous or liquid state is a fluid.
    空气,无论是气态的或是液态的,都是一种流体。
  2. That country is now an independent State.
    那个国家现在是个独立的国家。
  3. Railways in Britain belong to the State.
    英国的铁路归国家所有。
  4. These industries are run by the State.
    这些工业是由国家经营的。
  5. The state is now protecting the forest resources against exhaustion.
    该国正在保护其森林资源免遭乱砍滥伐。
  6. Young people should pay attention to the affairs of state.
    青年应该关心国家大事。
  7. She retained the best lawyer in the state to defend her case.
    她为了她的案子聘用了该州最好的律师。
  8. Which state do you come from?
    你是哪个州的?
  9. The Queen drove to the palace in state.
    女王威严地乘车前往王宫。
  10. The goodwill mission was received in state.
    友好使团受到了隆重的接待。
  11. The opening of Parliament is one of the great state occasions.
    议会的开幕式是极其隆重的盛典之一。
  12. Does private education skim off all the best students from the state system?
    私立教育会把最优秀的学生从国立教育中都选走吗?
  13. Industrial investments form an important part of state expenditure.
    工业投资是国家开支的一个重要组成部分。
~+of n./pron.
  1. The area is in a state of armed conflict.
    这地区已处于武装冲突的状态。
  2. The army is in a high state of readiness.
    军队处于高度戒备状态。
  3. The school buildings are in bad state of repair.
    校舍亟待大修。
  4. They sampled the population to find out the state of public opinion.
    他们从人口中抽样以了解民意状况。
  5. They are very concerned about the state of the churchyard.
    他们对于教堂墓地的状况非常关心。
  6. His general state of health is fairly satisfactory.
    他的总的健康状况相当令人满意。
  7. The insurance company is trying to find out which driver is culpable for the state of events.
    保险公司试图发现哪个司机有过失。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. State your name and address.
    讲清你的姓名和地址。
  2. He stated his problem clearly.
    他把问题叙述得很清楚。
  3. He stated his case before a judge.
    他在法官面前陈述了自己的看法。
  4. Would you please state your frank opinion of the plan?
    请坦率地谈谈您对这项计划的看法好吗?
S+~+that-clause
  1. The witness stated that he had not seen the woman before.
    该证人说他从未见过那个女人。
  2. I heard the official state that no children were to be admitted.
    我听到那位官员说,孩子都不允许入内。
  3. The spokesman stated that the agreement would be signed on 30 March.
    该发言人声称协议将于3月30日签字。
  4. It states in the newspaper that there will be a meeting tomorrow.
    报纸报道,明天有个会议要召开。
It is/was ~ed+that-clause
  1. It is stated that the fire started in a cottage.
    据说火是从一间小屋里烧起来的。
  2. It is semiofficially stated that he has resigned his place on the committee.
    据半官方的消息说,他已辞去了在委员会的职务。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. Please state exactly what these legal terms mean.
    请说明这些法律术语的确切含义。
  2. Please state whether you are married or single.
    请说明你是已婚还是未婚。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to be n.
  1. They stated themselves to be members of a secret society.
    他们宣称自己是一个秘密社团中的成员。
S+~+ n./pron. +to have v -ed
  1. They stated the diamond to have been stolen.
    他们宣称钻石已被偷了。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. Theatre tickets must be used on the stated date.
    戏票必须在指定的日期才有效。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
in〔into〕 a state
  1. 处于〔陷于〕激动或焦躁的情绪中 in〔into〕 an excited or agitated state of mindHe was in a real state when I last saw him.我上次见到他时,他很激动。

    Mother's been in a great state the whole afternoon. 母亲整个下午都非常焦躁不安。

    She got herself into a state about the exams. 她对这次考试心里很慌。

    You couldn't help spilling the ink so there's no need to get into a state about it. 你不是故意把墨水溅出来的,因此没有必要为此担忧。

  2. 肮脏的,凌乱的 dirty, neglected, untidy, etc.His clothes were in a state.他的衣服乱七八糟。

    What a state this place is in! 这地方真乱哪!

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The state of discipline in the Army seems to be getting a bit lax.

    出自:J. B. Morton
  • I noted almost daily the state of her health.

    出自:L. Woolf
  • He could not..tell Mary about the state of their finances.

    出自:P. Dally
  • To be childless is not a happy state for any woman.

    出自:C. Harkness
  • A problem must be stated in order to be solved.

    出自:J. Martineau
  • The..secretary stated authoritatively..that the mayor would not sign that day.

    出自:L. Steffens
  • The parents were requested to state what diseases their children had had.

    出自:R. Fraser

state的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. state相比于say表达更正式,常用于正式的公文或者商业文件,表示“说,陈述,声明”。

    The chairman stated that the contract would be signed on 16th April.
    The teacher said that he had to go back to classroom soon.

  2. 一般情况下,我们可以说The negotiations are stated to have broken down.而不能说They state the negotiations to have broken down;
  3. state首字母s大写,表示为“国家”,例:the political policy of the State;
  4. state也可以来指我国古代春秋战国时期的“国”,the...State或State of...表示“...国”,如the Lu Stat或the State of Lu,the Warring States表示为“战国”;
  5. the United States of America是正式通用的名称,简写the States。The (United) States (of America) is a republic of the old type.这里state用is,做单数名词。美国人称美国国家为America,称自己为Americans,不同其它国外的人一样称它为the United States of North America。美国人自己也不 把the United States简称作the States;
  6. 在美国state有时候指“州”,有时候指“国”,例:State bank,State prison,State university都指“州的”,但State Department是“国务院”不是“州的部”,States在澳大利亚指澳大利亚的各州。
n.(名词)
  1. state作名词的基本意思是“状态,状况”,指人或物在外观、心灵、健康等方面的自然“状态”或“情况”,是可数名词,常用于in a state of...的结构。
  2. state还可作“国家”解,如强调其政治实体性时,首字母常大写; 不强调政治实体性时则首字母可小写。state还可作为一个国家中的“州,邦”解,作此解时是可数名词。
  3. state还可作“盛礼,隆重的仪式”解,一般是与政府或统治者有关的机构举行的活动,是不可数名词。
v.(动词)
  1. state的基本意思是“陈述”,常指在正式或庄重的场合陈述观点、看法等,而且这种陈述常含有仔细、详尽而明确的意味。
  2. state一般用作及物动词,接名词、代词、that从句、带疑问词的从句作宾语。还可接以“to be+ n. ”或to have+ v -ed充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. state常用于“It is/was stated that...”结构。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
state, circumstance, condition, situation
这四个词都有“情况,状态,条件,状况”的意思。其区别在于:state是普通用语,指“情况,状态”,其存在形式并不是具体事物; situation指危急或重大的事态,侧重“事态”,也指“职位,职业”; condition和state相比意义较狭隘,指在思考中的事物的状态,“环境”所影响的“情况”,特指事物内部的条件和状态,用复数时指比较一般、笼统的情况,侧重于“状况”; circumstance指某种事件或动作发生时的情况,一般都用复数形式。例如:
The country is in a troubled state.这个国家处于紊乱的状态中。
Measures must be taken to meet this situation.必须设法应付这个局面。
He is applying for a situation.他正在请求得到一个位置。
The oranges may soon rot under present conditions.橘子在目前的状态下会很快腐烂的。
I don't remember all the circumstances of the quarrel.我不记得争吵的所有情况。
state, country, nation
这组词都可表示“国家”。其区别是:
country表示地理概念,侧重“疆土”,即一个国家的整个区域; nation侧重“人民”,指一个独立政府领导下的全体人民或整个民族的集合体; state则侧重“政权”,即独立的国家,也可指其政府。试体会下面两句中这三个词的含义:
  • The United States is a nation of diverse peoples.
  • 美国是一个由不同民族组成的国家。
  • That country is now an independent state.
  • 那个国家现在是个独立的国家。
state, nation, people, race, tribe
这组词都可表示“民族”。其区别在于:
1.race作“种族”解时,侧重人种学含义,往往包括几个民族和国家,这些民族的人民有某一相同的的自然特点(如肤色)。
2.nation指有共同的历史,使用同一种语言,居住在同一个大的地区,侧重于人民。例如:
The story is about the Indian nations in the western United States.这个故事是关于美国西部印第安民族的。
3.tribe指有共同的语言与风俗习惯,尤其是以古老生活方式生活的“部落”。例如:
Schools will help to civilize the wild tribes there.学校将有助于使那儿的野蛮部落文明化。
4.state指国家或者邦〔州〕,侧重政权。例如:
In our country, the people are protected by the state.在我国,人民受国家的保护。
That country is now an independent state.那个国家现在是个独立的国家。
They believed that the state was “above class distinctions”.他们认为国家是“超乎阶级区分之上”的。
5.people指有共同文化、共同利益或理想的一群人,强调文化和社会的统一,而不是国家和民族的统一。例如:
They will discuss giving further help to the oppressed peoples.他们将讨论给予被压迫民族更多援助。
v.(动词)
state, describe, narrate, recite, recount, rehearse, relate, report
这组词都有“讲述”的意思。其区别是:
relate专指有条理、连贯和完整地叙述故事或自己看到、经历的事情; rehearse指总结性地讲述或重复讲述; recite和recount均指把每一细节都详细讲述或列举出来; narrate专指采用编造情节、悬念和高潮等文学手段生动地讲叙; describe侧重能给听众产生深刻印象的详尽而清楚地描述; state强调原原本本、不加修饰地用口头或书面形式清楚明确地讲述,强调旨在提供事实素材或看法; report指经过调查研究之后,为提供有关事实和情况,对某事的细节作出精确叙述或报告。
condition state status situation circumstance
这些名词均有“状况、情况”之意。
  • condition:condition一般强调产生影响的原因或环境,复数形式指笼统的情况。
  • state:state普通用词,指人或物在环境、外表、心灵以及健康方面的状况,或指在某一阶段的状态或形式。
  • status:status指一个人在政治、社会、经济、法律上的地位或身份,暗含地位显要意味。也可用于指政治等事态的状况。
  • situation:situation指明确具体的环境情况或处境。
  • circumstance:circumstance多指周围的情况或某事发生时的情况。
nation state country land power
这些名词均含“国家”之意。
  • nation:nation普通用词,指在某一国土定居的人民、民族,强调人民。
  • state:state正式用词,指政治概念上的国家,即由政府所代表的国家。
  • country:country普通用词,侧重国土与人民。
  • land:land常用于文学中,侧重国土,带感情色彩。
  • power:power特指拥有强大军事力量,在国际事务中有较强权威或影响的国家,即强国、大国。
say speak state talk tell utter
这些动词均有“说、讲”之意。
  • say:say最普通常用词,指用语言表达思想,着重所说的内容。
  • speak:speak侧重于说话动作的本身,着重说话的能力而不在内容,比如能说某种语言。
  • state:state较正式用词,通常指用明确的语言或文字着重地叙述事实,既强调内容又注重语气。
  • talk:talk普通用词,侧重指与人交谈时的连续说话,可指单方面较长谈话,和speak一样,着重说活动作而不侧重内容。
  • tell:tell指告诉或讲述。
  • utter:utter着重说话的行为,常指声音的使用,突出用噪子发声。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 她身体状况很糟糕。

    She is at a poor state of health.

    She is in a poor state of health.

    state作“状态”“状况”解时,常用于be in a state of sth 的结构,表示“处于某种状况〔情况〕”,这里介词用in,不用at。

  2. 国家元首在政治中起关键作用。

    The head of the state played a key role in politics.

    The head of state played a key role in politics.

    用head of state表示“国家元首”时, state前不加冠词。

  3. 美利坚合众国位于北美洲。

    The United States are located in North America.

    The United States is located in North America.

    以s结尾的表示国家、机构等的专有名词一般视作单数。

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的stutas,意为站姿。

state的相关资料:

正版词典

states : 状态, 情 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
states : 状态;形势 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • states:state n. 情形, 状态, 国家, 政府, 州adj. 国家的, 国有的, 国营的, 州的, 正式的, 典礼用的vt. 声明, 陈述, 规定 英英解释:名词state:1. the group…

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