sigh

  核心词汇  
[saɪ]     [saɪ]    
  • n. 叹气;叹息
  • v. 叹息;惋惜
sigher sighed sighed sighing sighs
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sigh的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 叹息似的声音
  2. 飒飒声,啸声,呜咽声
  3. 叹气,叹息
v. (动词)
  1. 惋惜
  2. 思念,思慕,怀念(for)
  3. 发叹息似的声音
  4. 发飒飒声
  5. 叹息着说出,叹息着说, 叹息道
  6. 叹息,叹气,悲叹,悲鸣,哀叹
  7. 想…而叹气,感叹
  8. 在叹息中消磨(时光),叹息着度过
  9. 渴慕,渴望
  10. 呜咽呼啸
  11. 舒了口气,松了一口气
  12. 感到孤独

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 叹气,叹息 make act of sighing; sound of a sigh
n. (名词)
  1. [C] 叹息,叹气 act or sound of sighing

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an utterance made by exhaling audibly

  2. a sound like a person sighing;

    "she heard the sigh of the wind in the trees"

Verb:
  1. heave or utter a sigh; breathe deeply and heavily;

    "She sighed sadly"

  2. utter with a sigh

sigh的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. When he heard the news, he uttered a sigh.
    听到这消息时,他叹了口气。
  2. She heaved a sigh and became lost in thought.
    她叹了口气,随即陷入了沉思。
  3. The old man uttered a sigh and went out.
    那位老人叹息了一声,走了出去。
  4. I bury my face in my hands and heave a sigh.
    我掩着面叹息。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. He sighed with despair.
    他绝望地叹了口气。
  2. ‘I wish I didn't have so much to do,’she sighed.
    `我但愿没有这么多事情要做,'她叹著气说。
  3. She looked out of the window, sighing for her lost youth.
    她看着窗外,为她失去的青春而惋惜。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. She put down the phone, sighed, and shook her head sadly.
    她放下电话,叹着气,悲伤地摇了摇头。
  2. He thought of all the opportunities he had missed, and sighed.
    他想到已错过的一切机会,便叹了一口气。
  3. The wind sighed in the treetops.
    风吹树梢发出轻微的啸声。
  4. When he finished his homework, he sighed with relief.
    他完成了家庭作业后,轻松地舒了口气。
  5. She sighed with relief when she heard the good news.
    听到这个好消息时,她宽慰地舒了口气。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Mary sighed her relief.
    玛丽宽慰地舒了一口气。
  2. He sighed a deep sigh.
    他深深地叹了一口气。
  3. She sighed her reluctant agreement to the proposal.
    她叹息表示她勉强同意这个建议。
  4. She sighed her sad experiences out.
    她叹息地说出了自己的不幸。
引出直接引语
  1. “I've still got several hours' work to do,”he sighed.
    “我还有几个小时的工作要做。”他叹息着说。
  2. “Where can I find enough courage to see me through this struggle?”Mary sighed.
    玛丽叹道:“我从哪里可以找到足够的勇气来支持我的斗争?”
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The old man gave a deep sigh.
    那老人深深地叹了口气。
  2. We all make a sigh of relief when we heard that he was safe.
    听说他平安无事,我们都松了一口气。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
sigh about〔for,over〕 (v.+prep.)
    因…叹息,悲叹 breathe loudly, expressing a feeling, usually sad, on count of (sth or sb)
    sigh about〔for,over〕 sb/sth

    It's no good sighing about your failure, it is better to start again.

    为失败叹息毫无益处,最好是从头做起。

    Sighing for sorrow can be harmful.

    悲哀叹息会伤害身体。

    She sighed over her unhappy fate.

    她悲叹自己的不幸的命运。

    I hope you are not still sighing over that boy.

    我希望你不再为那个小伙子伤心叹息。

    The teacher told him not to sigh over the failure of yesterday's test.

    老师告诉他不要为昨天考试不及格叹息。

sigh away (v.+adv.)
    连声悲叹 continuously breathe loudly expressing a feeling, usually sad
    sigh away

    By sighing away for hours, she hoped to attract her family's attention to her suffering.

    她一连几个小时老是叹气,希望引起家里人关心她的痛苦。

    sigh sth ⇔ away

    You can sigh away half your youth if you choose to allow failed relationship to sadden you.

    如果你陷于失败的伤感中,你就会使前半生在叹息中度过。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The last sentence..ended with a sigh as of faintness.

    出自: R. Kipling
  • With a sigh of relief, Myatt found himself alone.

    出自: G. Greene
  • He sighed when he saw..he was..next to her at the dinner table.

    出自: W. Cather
  • The coconut trees..sigh in the wind.

    出自: H. Bascom

sigh的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. sigh的基本意思是“叹息,叹气”,指无意识地发出表示强烈渴望、失去信心、悲痛、思念、悔恨、沮丧、厌倦等情绪的深深叹息,是一种不情愿的情感表达。
  2. sigh可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语,也可接同源宾语。
  3. sigh可引出直接引语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
sigh for, ache for, die for, hunger for, long for, starve for, thirst for
  • 这组短语间的区别是:
  • 1.这组短语都可以表示“渴望得到某物”或“渴望做某事”; ache for和sigh for还可表示“想念某人”; hunger for还可表示“渴望知道某情况”。
  • 2.这组短语都可以人作主语; ache for和thirst for还可用表示身体某部位的名词作主语。
  • 3.这组短语都可以物作宾语; ache for, long for和sigh for还可以人作宾语。
  • 4.ache for和die for多用于进行时态; hunger for和thirst for多用于一般时态; 而long for则可用于各种时态。
  • 5.除starve for可用于被动语态作“缺乏”解外,其他6个短语极少用于被动语态。
  • 6.die for表示的是极端渴望; ache for和long for表示的是强烈的渴望; 其他4个短语所表示的语气则相对较轻。
  • 7.ache for和long for是口语用法; sigh for是文学用语; 其他4个短语则属于比喻用法。
  • sigh的相关资料:

    近反义词

    【近义词】

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