sail

  基本词汇  
[seɪl]     [seɪl]    
  • v.航行;驾(船)
  • n.帆;航行;航海
sailed sailed sailing sails
new

sail是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 飞行,飞过,飘(过),掠
  2. 航行,在…上航行,驾驶帆船航行
  3. 扬帆行驶,张帆而行
  4. 开船,起航,启航
  5. 坐船旅行,乘船旅行
  6. 游泳,浮游,漂浮
  7. 驾驶(船),行驶
  8. 步态优美地走,风姿绰约地走,仪态万千地走,气宇轩昂地走,昂首而行,轻快地走
  9. 游览
  10. 冒大风险
  11. 顺利通过
n.(名词)
  1. 帆,篷,全帆,帆状物
  2. 翼板
  3. 船只
  4. 航行,扬帆行驶
  5. 航程,航行距离
  6. 乘船航行,乘船游览
  7. 帆船
  8. 【空】滑翔机
  9. 缝帆员,帆具官
  10. 航行力

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C] [U] 帆 sails; propulsion by means of sails
  2. [C] 航行游览 voyage or excursion on water for pleasure
  3. [S] 航程 voyage of a specified length
  4. [P] 船 ship
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 坐船旅行,航行 travel on water or across (a body of water) in a ship or boat
  2. vt. 驾驶 direct or command (a ship or boat) on water
  3. vi. 起航,开船 begin a journey across water

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
sail : 帆 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
sail : 帆 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
sail : 帆; ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a large piece of fabric (usually canvas fabric) by means of which wind is used to propel a sailing vessel

  2. an ocean trip taken for pleasure

  3. any structure that resembles a sail

Verb:
  1. traverse or travel on (a body of water);

    "We sailed the Atlantic"
    "He sailed the Pacific all alone"

  2. move with sweeping, effortless, gliding motions;

    "The diva swept into the room"
    "Shreds of paper sailed through the air"
    "The searchlights swept across the sky"

  3. travel on water propelled by wind;

    "I love sailing, especially on the open sea"
    "the ship sails on"

  4. travel on water propelled by wind or by other means;

    "The QE2 will sail to Southampton tomorrow"

sail的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. This ship sails for New York on Monday.
    这船将于星期一开往纽约。
  2. The ship was given the all-clear to sail again.
    这艘船得到恢复航行的许可。
  3. Can you sail a boat?
    你会驾驶船只吗?
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The sailors heaved at rope to tighten the sail.
    水手们用力拉绳把帆绷紧。
  2. Lower the sail or the boat will be knocked down.
    把帆放下来,否则船会被风吹翻的。
  3. They go for a sail down the Thames .
    他们乘船沿泰晤士河航行。
  4. Viking River Cruises and Avalon Waterways are some of the operators which sail the Yangtze.
    航海巡线和亚洲龙水路线路由在长江航行的人提供。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. We hoisted the sails.
    我们升起了帆。
  2. The sails filled with wind.
    帆吃风而张满。
  3. The wind bellied the sails.
    风把船帆鼓得大大的。
  4. The storm overtook the sailors before they could take in sail.
    水手们还没来得及收帆,暴风雨就来了。
  5. Old sailing ships used to have canvas sails.
    古老的帆船使用帆布风帆。
  6. He took the boy out for a sail.
    他带那个男孩乘船出游。
  7. We took a sail around the island.
    我们乘船绕岛航行了一圈。
  8. We're going for a short sail tomorrow.
    我们明天要进行一次短程航行。
  9. The ship was still a day's sail from London when its engine broke down.
    这艘船在引擎出故障时,离伦敦还有一天的航程。
  10. How many days' sail is it from Hull to Oslo?
    从赫尔到奥斯陆有几天的航程?
  11. There wasn't a sail in sight.
    一条船也看不见。
  12. We won a fleet of 10 sail.
    我们拥有一支10艘船的船队。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The ship sailed along the coast.
    这艘船沿着海岸驶去。
  2. The ship has sailed for two weeks.
    这艘船已航行两周了。
  3. We sail next Tuesday.
    我们下星期二将出航。
  4. They are sailing tomorrow.
    他们明天将起航。
  5. Miss Green came sailing past him.
    格林小姐落落大方地从他身旁走过。
  6. The tall girl went sailing out of the room.
    那个高个子的女孩快速地走出房间。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We sailed the Atlantic in five days.
    我们用了五天时间乘船驶过了大西洋。
  2. He had sailed the North Sea many times.
    他曾多次在北海上航行。
  3. She sails her own yacht.
    她驾驶自己的游艇。
  4. Do you know how to sail this boat?
    你知道怎么驾驶这条船吗?

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
set sail
  1. 起航 begin a voyage

    We set sail at high tide. 我们在涨潮时起航。

    We set sail for home. 我们开船返航。

    The ship set sail for Europe. 这艘船起航去欧洲。

    We're setting sail for India tomorrow. 我们明天起航去印度。

under sail
  1. 扬着帆 moving with sails spread

    The ship is under sail, making toward the land. 船正朝大陆扬帆航行。

用作动词 (v.)
sail for (v.+prep.)
  1. 驶向… sail in the direction of; make a voyage to sail for sth

    He has sailed for New York.他已乘船去纽约了。

sail in (v.+adv.)
  1. 驶进 enter a place by sailing sail in

    We had almost given up hope of the ship's safe return when she sailed in.就在我们对这艘船的平安返港几乎不抱什么希望时,它进港了。

  2. 〈非正〉傲慢地进入 enter a room, etc., in a proud manner sail in

    The director sailed in, demanding to know who had disobeyed his orders.主任盛气凌人地走进来,查问是谁违背了他的命令。

  3. 〈非正〉兴致勃勃地发话 speak in an active manner sail in with sth

    We were enjoying a pleasant conversation, until she sailed in with her unpleasant remarks.我们正在愉快地交谈,她却起劲地加入进来,说些令人不愉快的话。

    Ann then sailed in with a furious attack on the chairman.然后安严词抨击董事长。

sail into (v.+prep.)
  1. (使)驶入… (cause to) enter (a place) by sailing sail into sth

    We stopped worrying about the ship's safe arrival when she sailed into the harbour with all her flags flying.看到飘满彩旗的轮船驶进港口,我们才不再为它能否安全返航而担心。

    sail sth into sth

    There's a storm coming; we'd better sail the boat into port.风暴要来了,我们最好把船驶进港里去。

  2. 傲慢地或神气地进入… enter or begin sth in a proud manner sail into sth

    The manager sailed into the room.经理神气十足地走进房间。

    The actress sailed into the room in her flowing dress.那位女演员身穿飘逸的长裙翩然走进了房间。

  3. 起劲地开始 attack sth actively sail into sth

    Then the band sailed into the familiar tune.这时乐队奏起那支人们熟悉的曲子。

    You should see the way that those children sailed into the food that we offered them.你应该注意到那些孩子在吃我们给的食物时狼吞虎咽的劲头。

  4. 抨击…,责骂… attack sb with words; scold sb for a fault sail into sb

    The speaker sailed into his opponent, showing the weaknesses of his argument in an unmistakable way.那位发言人抨击他的对手,无可反驳地指明了其论点中的各个弱点。

    He sailed into the witness, accusing him of lying.他开始指责证人撒谎。

sail through (v.+prep.)
  1. (使)顺利通过… (cause to) pass sth easily sail through sth

    He simply sailed through the difficult exam.他轻而易举地通过了这次困难的考试。

    sail sth through sth

    The captain sailed his ship through the narrow channel.船长驾驶他的船穿过了狭窄的航道。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The..navy comprised..twenty-seven sail.

    出自:H. Cox
  • We..had a magnificent sail..down Lake Champlain.

    出自:W. Irving
  • Swans that sail along the Silver Flood.

    出自:Dryden
  • The high moon sails upon her beauteous way.

    出自:Byron

sail的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. sail的基本意思是“帆”,或指乘船在海上或水上的“游览”,也可指从某地到另外一个地方的“航程”。sail还可指“船”。
  2. sail作“航程”解时多为不可数名词,如前有定语修饰时,其前可加不定冠词a。
  3. sail作“船”解时,单复数同形。
  4. make sail有时与set sail同义,意为“起航”,两者后接介词for,但不能接to。
  5. 在full sail, take in sail, under sail等短语中, sail前均无冠词,且sail为单数形式,但在take the wind out of sb's sails短语中, sail则须用复数形式。
v.(动词)
  1. sail用作动词意思是“坐船旅行,航行”,指坐船穿过一片水域,也可指“驾驶”,通常是驾驶船只。sail还可指“起航,开船”,有时还可指“平稳或快速地走”,常用来描述女性高视阔步、落落大方行走的姿态。
  2. sail可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. sail可用一般现在时或现在进行时表示将来。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
下面三个句子意思相同:
  • The boat will sail next Sunday.
  • The boat sails next Sunday.
  • The boat is sailing next Sunday.
  • 这艘船将于下星期日起航。
下面两句意思不同:
  • We sailed for America the next morning.
  • 我们次日早晨乘船赴美。
  • We sailed to America the next morning.
  • 我们次日早晨就乘船到达了美国。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 我喜欢乘船游览。

    I like to go for sail.

    I like to go for a sail.

    go for a sail是固定短语, sail前的不定冠词a不可省略。

  2. 老实告诉你,我一生中从未用独木舟航行过。

    To tell you the truth,I have never been in a canoe under a sail in my life.

    To tell you the truth,I have never been in a canoe under sail in my life.

    under sail是习语,不加冠词a。

  3. 在晨光中,他们开船向海岛进发。

    They set a sail to the islands in the early morning.

    They set sail for the islands in the early morning.

    set sail表示“开船”; set a sail表示“张帆”。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的gesl,意为帆。

sail的相关资料:

正版词典

sail : 扬帆航行; ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

sail的相关缩略词,共有28

互动百科

  • sail:sail v. 航行(于)vi. 启航, 开船n. 帆, 篷, 航行习惯用语at full sail(s) 开足马力, 张起所有的帆, 高速前进back [brace, aback] the sail…

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