- She holds 3 specialities: public health, health administration, tropical medicine. She is also a retired president of the Nursing college of Lapland.
- Also, the baccalaureate nursing students had higher information literacy competencies than two-year nursing college students.
- The study sample consists of 484 nursing college students and the date is analyzed using stepwise regression, Canonic relation and Structural equation modeling (SEM).
- A total of 460 nursing college students, enrolled based on convenient sampling, filled out a self-evaluation questionnaire for self-handicapping, personal attributes and learning adjustment, etc.
- She is a member of the Royal College of Nursing.
- Focus group interviews were conducted to collect opinions from different perspectives, including patients, nurses, nursing assistants, college nursing students, and nursing college instructors.