lump

  核心词汇  
[lʌmp]     [lʌmp]    
  • n. 块;团;笨重的人;瘤
  • v. 使成块;形成团状;归并;(笨重地)移动
lumped lumped lumping lumps
new

lump的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 块,团
  2. 一大堆,大量
  3. 小方块
  4. 肿块,疱,肿瘤
  5. 隆起
  6. 方(糖)
  7. <口>粗笨的人,迟钝的人
  8. <英口>(总称)临时工
  9. <美口>责打,惩罚
  10. 疖子
v. (动词)
  1. 结块,使成块,结成块
  2. 笨重地行走,笨重地移动
  3. 使重重地坐下,沉重地坐下
  4. 起疙瘩
  5. <口>勉强容忍
  6. 把…弄成一团
  7. 把…归并到一起,把…混为一谈,集总,混在一起,归并
  8. 使成团,形成团状
  9. 总括, 一起处理,总括起来说
  10. 忍耐,忍受
  11. 肿胀成瘤
  12. 勉为其难,勉强接受 ,将就
  13. 将人同等对待
  14. 把…弄成七高八低
  15. 成堆
adj. (形容词)
  1. 成块状的,成团的
  2. 整个儿的,总共的,整体的,全部的
  3. 整笔的
adv. (副词)
  1. <英俚>很,非常

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]块 a mass of sth solid without a special size or shape
  2. [C]肿块 a hard swelling on the body
  3. [C]〈非正〉傻大个,笨拙的人 a stupid awkward ungraceful person
v. (动词)
  1. vi. 结块 form into lumps
  2. vt. 把…合在一起 put together in one lump; include (a number of things) under one heading

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a compact mass;

    "a ball of mud caught him on the shoulder"

  2. an abnormal protuberance or localized enlargement

  3. an awkward stupid person

  4. a large piece of something without definite shape;

    "a hunk of bread"
    "a lump of coal"

Verb:
  1. put together indiscriminately;

    "lump together all the applicants"

  2. group or chunk together in a certain order or place side by side

lump的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The surgeon excised the lump from her breast.
    外科医生切除了她乳房的肿块。
  2. It was amazing to watch the lump of clay take life beneath the sculptor's hands.
    看着泥团在雕塑家手下成了栩栩如生的形象真令人惊叹。
  3. The heat brought his fingers back to life,but did nothing for the cold lump in the pit of his stomach.
    炉火使手指缓过劲来了,但对他肚子里的那团凉气却无济于事。
  4. Since the urease activity in soil is close correlated with the growth of stem lump mustard and soil metabolism, which is a key indicator of soil ecology and soil fertility.
    土壤脲酶活性高低反映出茎瘤芥生长和土壤代谢状况,可作为茎瘤芥土壤生态和肥力水平的一个良好指标。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The oatmeal lumps if you don't stir it well.
    如果你不好好搅拌,麦片粥会结块。
  2. The boys agreed to lump the expenses of their camping holiday.
    孩子们同意把露营费合在一起而不分彼此。
  3. Can we lump all these items together as "incidental expenses"?
    我们可否把这些项目都归在“杂费”项内?

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Break up these large lumps of dirt.
    把这些大泥块弄碎。
  2. There are some lumps in the sauce.
    酱汁中有一些碎块。
  3. There is a lump in his neck.
    他脖子上有一个肿块。
  4. Do hurry up, you great lump!
    务必快点儿,你这个笨蛋!
  5. The scene where the lovers say goodbye brought a lump to my throat.
    情人话别的场面使我哽咽。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The milk powder has lumped.
    奶粉结成了块儿。
  2. This oatmeal will lump if you don't stir it well.
    假如你不好好搅动,这麦片粥就会结块。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We will lump all our money.
    我们将把所有的钱合在一起。
  2. They lumped their expenses.
    他们把他们的费用凑在一起。
  3. The scientist lumped all items.
    这位科学家把所有的项目都归结到了一起。
  4. The teacher is lumping all contents.
    老师正在把所有的内容合并在一起。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
a lump in one's throat
    喉咙哽住,(因激动而)哽咽feel pressure in the throat as a result of strong emotion caused by love, sadness, etc.
用作动词 (v.)
lump along (v.+adv.)
    笨重地行走 walk slowly and weightily
    lump along

    The old man lumped along with a heavy heart.

    老人怀着沉重的心情,脚步沉重地走了。

    The wounded soldier lumped along.

    那个伤员步履沉重地走着。

    lump sth ⇔ along

    The bear lumped its huge bulk along.

    那只黑熊摆动着笨重的身体来回走动。

lump down (v.+adv.)
    沉重地坐下去 sit down weightily
    lump down

    She stopped before the sofa and lumped down.

    她在沙发前站下,一屁股坐了下去。

    When he saw the chair, he lumped down because he was too tired.

    他太累了,所以一看到椅子就坐了下去。

    lump sth ⇔ down

    He lumped his huge bulk down opposite.

    他那笨重的身躯在对面坐下。

lump into (v.+prep.)
    把…编成〔并成…〕 make sb or sth into an unity
    lump sb/sth into sth

    We have lumped all the advanced students into a single class.

    我们已把所有程度高的学生编成了一个班。

    All the questions were lumped into one category.

    所有这些问题被归结成一类。

    The old rural counties were lumped into new units.

    原来的乡村已归并成新的单位。

lump it
    忍耐,忍受 accept unchangeable bad conditions without complaint
    lump it

    I cannot afford a better car, so you will have to lump it.

    我买不起更好的汽车,所以你得忍受着点。

    You have to like it or lump it!

    你对此或是喜欢,或是容忍,如此而已!

    If you don't like it, you will have to lump it.

    你不喜欢它,也必须勉强容忍一下。

    Well, you will just have to lump it!

    哼,你就得忍受它!

lump together (v.+adv.)
    把…弄成一团或一块,把…归并在一个项目下 consider (things or people) as a unity; place (things or people) in the same class or division
    lump sth ⇔ together

    We cannot lump all these different things together.

    我们不能把这些不同的东西归并到一起。

    For our purposes, we can lump the separate costs together as they are all paid out of the same account.

    依我们的意见,可以把这些不同的开支合在一起,因为都要从一笔账上支付。

    We lump all our money together to buy our teacher a present.

    我们把所有的钱放在一起去给我们的老师买件礼物。

    All the students have been lumped together in one class although they have widely varying abilities.

    尽管学生的水平参差不齐,但还是把他们合在了一个班里。

    Which kinds of books can be lumped together to save space?

    为了腾出地方,哪些种类的书可以并在一起?

lump with (v.+prep.)
    与…归在一起 make sb or sth together with sth or sb
    lump sth with sth

    The budget for saving should not be lumped with the disaster fund.

    救济预算不应与救灾资金归在一起。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The police..had seen Maria feeding lumps of sugar to the racehorse.

    出自: J. T. Story
  • A woman gave each person a lump of thick porridge.

    出自: P. Abrahams
  • If they don't like it they can lump it.

    出自: W. S. Maugham
  • There was no alternative accommodation..; we just had to lump it.

    出自: J. S. Huxley
  • Under this designation is lumped without discrimination any aspiration toward distinction.

    出自: J. W. Krutch
  • Pop (in which I lump, indiscriminately,..all kinds of electronic bumping and grinding).

    出自: G. Priestland
  • Jung's lumping of dreams, legends and hearsay with recorded fact.

    出自: J. Barzun
  • In the present volume, the footnotes are cumbersomely lumped at the back.

    出自: J. Updike
  • In that district all of us who were not Welsh were inevitably lumped together as foreigners.

    出自: J. Wain

lump的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. lump作名词时的意思是“团,块”,转化成动词意思为“结成块,聚成团”,指将原本分散的人或物聚集在一起以形成一个有一定规模的整体,以便更好地发挥其作用。
  2. lump作“结块”解时用作不及物动词;作“合在一起”解时用作及物动词,接表示钱、意见等名词作宾语。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
lump, chunk, slice
  • 这三个词都可以表示物品的零块,但在大小、形状、质料、概念上各不相同。chunk用于形状不均匀,可以切碎和分开的固体材料; slice用于薄而扁平,整齐地切开的东西,尤指食品; lump用于指大块的固体物品,其大小、形状不规则,尤指未经人工加工的定形物。
  • lump, mass
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“团”或“块”。其区别在于:mass多指形状不规则的东西堆积在一起而形成的一堆或一团; lump一般指固体的东西,可以是任何形状。例如:
  • The aircraft came down in flames, and the heat fused most of the parts together into a solid mass.飞机冒着火坠落了,大多数部件因高温而熔成一团。
  • Do you take one lump or two?你要一块方糖还是两块?
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自斯堪地那维亚语的lumpe,意为蜷缩在一个球里。
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