- The expansion of the modem Hunan gentry forces benefits considerably from the establishment of Zeng Guofans Xiang Army.
- The numbers of them once surpass that of the intelligentsia and the resigned bureaucrat, which causes the extreme expansion of Hunan gentry forces in the period of Xianfeng and Tongzhi.
- Another commuter from the suburban gentry.
- The English gentry is next below the nobility.
- In old society, the gentry lived in luxury.
- Large air and navel forces were set into action.