- Salt has a preservative effect on food.
- The closure of the car factory had a knock-on effect on the tyre manufacturers.
- Their distress had no effect on him he was determined to have his pound of flesh.
- His passionate speech had an effect on our emotions.
- The bad news had a sobering effect on all of us.
- The new system has had a disastrous effect on productivity.
- Noisy students have a distractive effect on those who want to study.
- The advertising campaign didn't have much effect on sales.