Double J stent的用法和样例：
- Objective To explore the new methods of putting in and withdrowing double J stent without cystoscopy.
- Methods During the operation on kidney and proximal end of ureter,the double J stent was connected with nephostomic tube.
- The double J stents used in the operation of upper urinary tract stone and ureteral stricture had more inflammatory adherence than those used in the ureterocystostomy for the other disease.
- With ureteroscopy and a new double J ureteral stent replaced, there were no complications including perforation, vid and avulsion of ureter, infection.
- Ureter catheterization,double J tube insertion under cystoscope and operation should be the main measure...