consent

  核心词汇  
[kən'sent]     [kən'sent]    
  • n.同意;赞成
  • v.同意;答应
consenter consented consented consenting consents
new

consent是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 同意,赞成,赞同,赞许
  2. 答应,准许,许可
  3. 万能插座,万能插口,塞孔
  4. 正式批准文件,批文
v.(动词)
  1. 答应,允许,准许,应允
  2. 同意,赞成,赞同
  3. 持相同意见;一致

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U]准许,同意,赞成 agreement or permission
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 同意; 赞成 agree; give approval or permission

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
consent : 同意, 赞同 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. permission to do something;

    "he indicated his consent"

Verb:
  1. give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to;

    "I cannot accept your invitation"
    "I go for this resolution"

consent的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. My father will never give his consent to our marriage.
    我父亲决不会同意我们的婚姻的。
  2. By the common consent of critics, Shakespeare is the prince of character delineators.
    评论家一致公认莎士比亚是刻画人物的大师。
  3. Her smile implied her consent to our proposal.
    她的微笑暗示她赞成我们的提议。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. I'm sure he wouldn't consent
    我确信他不会同意。
  2. His father would not consent to his leaving school.
    他的父亲不会同意他放弃学业。
  3. I agree with you, but yet I can't consent.
    我同意你的意见, 但是我不能答应。
  4. Her father reluctantly consented to the marriage.
    她父亲勉强答应了这桩婚姻。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The car had been taken without the owner's consent.
    这辆汽车未经车主许可就让人给开走了。
  2. We have mother's consent to go swimming.
    母亲同意我们去游泳。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. My parents have consented.
    我父母已经同意了。
用作及物动词 S+~+to- v
  1. Joe's mother consents to let him live with his girl friend, but his father doesn't.
    乔的母亲同意让他和女朋友住在一起,但他的父亲却反对。
S+~+that-clause
  1. He consented that his house should be searched.
    他同意搜查他的房子。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
by common consent
  1. 公认 generally acknowledge

    Shakespeare is, by common consent, the greatest English dramatist. 莎士比亚被公认是英国最伟大的剧作家。

用作动词 (v.)
consent to( v.+prep. )
  1. 同意,答应 giving one's permission, when requested, for sth consent to sth/v-ing

    Her father reluctantly consented to the marriage.她父亲勉强地答应了这桩婚姻。

    My father won't consent to my leaving school.我父亲不会同意让我辍学。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The Consent of a Subject to Soveraign Power.

    出自:Hobbes
  • I must have your consent as I'm not of age until May.

    出自:N. Mitford
  • Silence gives consent.

    出自:Proverb
  • All your writers do consent that ipse is he.

    出自:As You Like It,Shakespeare

consent的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. consent作为不及物动词,后可接to或者不定式。

    Would you consent to ths advise?
    Would you consent to give/giving him second chance?

  2. consent作为名词,后也可接to或不定式。

    His consent to the proposal.
    His consent to consider the proposal.

  3. consent在接不定式时,不定式后的动作的主语会不一样。

    The girl has got her mother's consent to take her to the pictures.
    take属于母亲的动作。

    The girl has got her mother's consent to go to the pictures.
    go属于女孩的动作。

n.(名词)
  1. consent用作名词时的意思是“同意”,只用作不可数名词,可接动词不定式或介词to引导的短语。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
consent, agree, approve, assent, be for
这组词的共同意思是“同意”。其区别是:
1.agree指多方面达成一致意见,暗含先有分歧,经协商或讨论后取得共识; approve, assent, consent都指单方面的同意、允诺(意见,建议等); be for则指在一些相互对立的立场、观点、意见中表示拥护其中之一,例如:
  • Father does not approve of him marrying so young.
  • 父亲不同意他那么年轻就结婚。
  • I won't assent to such a theory.
  • 我不能同意这样的理论。
  • The school authorities consented to post- pone the examination.
  • 校方同意推迟考试日期。
  • I am not for having it at once.
  • 我不赞成立即办此事。
2.consent多用于上对下, approve可以用于平级,也可用于上对下。assent和 agree 则多用于平级,例如:
  • The school committee consented to our proposals.
  • 校委同意我们的建议。
  • I quite approve of the idea of your plan.
  • 我很赞成你计划中的构想。
  • The session approved the report.
  • 大会批准了这个报告。
  • The majority assented to my views on the matter.
  • 大多数人都同意我对这个问题的看法。
  • I agree with every word you have said.
  • 你所说的每句话我都同意。
3.be for主要用于口语; agree和approve可用于日常用语,也可用于正式场合; assent和consent主要用于正式场合。在这组词中agree最常用。
4.approve在正式场合可用作及物动词,在日常用语里可用作不及物动词, consent和assent只用作不及物动词。consent后接to, approve后接of, assent后接to。
5.assent只用于肯定句; agree, approve和consent可用于肯定句,也可用于否定句。例如:
He assented to the doctor's assertion that his son was ill, but would not consent to having him hospitalized.医生说他儿子有病,他同意这一诊断,但不同意让他住院。
consent, promise
这两个词都有“答应”的意思。其区别是:
promise是“自己主动答应”这一概念,含有自觉主动的意味; 而consent则是“答应人家的要求”,含有被动的意味。试比较:
  • Our director has promised to make a speech.
  • 我们的主任已答应作个报告。
  • (是他主动答应的)
  • We asked our director to make a speech and he consented.
  • 我们要求主任作个报告,他答应了。
  • (是我们要求的)
agree consent approve comply subscribe
这些动词均含“同意、赞同”之意。
  • agree:agree普通用词,侧重指对某事同其他人有相同的意见或想法。
  • consent:consent指同意别人的请求、建议或满足他人的愿望,着重意愿或感情,常和to连用。
  • approve:approve侧重对认为正确或满意的事表示赞同或批准。作不及物动词用时,常与of连用。
  • comply:comply指答应某人已经提出或可能要求做的某事,与with连用。
  • subscribe:subscribe指完全地赞成已阐明的立场。多用于比较愿意支持一种立场或为一种立场所辩护的情况。

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的conseitnr;最初源自拉丁语的conseitnre:con (一起) + seitnre (感觉,情感),意为同情,同感。

consent的相关资料:

正版词典

consent : 同意, 赞 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
consent : 同意,赞同 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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互动百科

  • consent:consent vi. 同意, 赞成, 答应n. 同意, 赞成, 允诺习惯用语age of consent 【律】承诺年龄(尤指少女法律上达到可以自主的年龄)by common consent (=w…

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