congratulate

  扩展词汇  
[kən'grætjʊˌleɪt]     [kən'grætʃəˌleɪt]    
  • vt. 祝贺;庆祝
congratulatory congratulator congratulated congratulated congratulating congratulates
new

congratulate的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 祝贺
  2. 自我庆幸
  3. 恭喜
  4. 向…致祝词
  5. 向…道贺
  6. 给…道喜
  7. 称赞
  8. 表扬
  9. 道贺
  10. 庆贺
  11. 感到高兴
  12. 感到自豪
  13. 为…感到欣喜
  14. 贺喜
  15. 向…致敬向…致意
  16. 向…欢呼
  17. 为…欢呼

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 祝贺,道喜 tell sb that one is pleased about his good fortune or achievements

英英释义

Verb:
  1. say something to someone that expresses praise;

    "He complimented her on her last physics paper"

  2. express congratulations

  3. be proud of;

    "He prides himself on making it into law school"

  4. pride or congratulate (oneself) for an achievement

congratulate的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Let me congratulate you.
    请允许我向您表示祝贺。
  2. May I congratulate you?
    请允许我向您表示祝贺。
  3. I congratulate you on your great discovery.
    我祝贺你的伟大发现。
  4. I congratulated myself on my narrow escape.
    我庆祝自己死里逃生。
  5. We congratulated him on his birthday.
    我们向他庆祝生日。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The loser congratulated the winner of the race.
    输者向比赛的优胜者祝贺。
  2. 1
  3. He is to be congratulated for his success.
    他将会由于取得的成就而受到祝贺。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
congratulate on〔upon〕( v.+prep. )
    就…向某人表示祝贺 express one's pleasure to (sb) about sth
    congratulate sb on〔upon〕 sth/v-ing

    We congratulated her upon her attainment to so great an age.

    我们祝贺她高寿。

    We congratulated him on having passed the exam.

    我们祝贺他通过了考试。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

congratulate的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. congratulate作“祝贺,道喜”解时,须以被祝贺的人作直接宾语,以介词on或upon引出祝贺的原因。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
congratulate, celebrate
  • 这两个词都有“庆贺”的意思。其区别在于:celebrate只能以事或物作宾语; 而congratulate后面只能以“被庆贺的人”作宾语。例如:
  • We celebrated his birthday by a banquet.我们举行宴会庆祝他的生日。
  • We congratulated her on having passed the examinations.我们祝贺她通过了考试。
  • celebrate,congratulate
  • 这两个动词均有“庆祝,祝贺”之意。
  • celebrate通常指举行盛大隆重的仪式庆祝或纪念有意义的日子或某件事情,多暗示节日般的欢乐场面。
  • congratulate指对他人祝贺为目的,希望他人幸福或走运。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1540年左右进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的congratular,意为和他人一起高兴。
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