confine

  核心词汇  
[kən'faɪn]     [kən'faɪn]    
  • vt. 限制;禁闭
  • n. 范围;界限;约束;限制
confinable confiner confined confined confining confines
new

confine的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 范围,区域
  2. 边界,界限,边缘,边境,边疆,边境地区
  3. 境界
  4. 国界,疆界
  5. 限度
  6. 拘禁,监牢
  7. 约束,限制
v. (动词)
  1. 限制,限定,保持在…限度内,把...限制在一定范围内,限(于)
  2. 禁闭,监禁,幽禁,禁锢,关(起来),使闭居,使闭门不出,使离不开
  3. 【物】约束
  4. 使局限,局限于
  5. 吸持
  6. 使卧床,(因病)卧床
  7. 分娩,坐月子
  8. <古>邻接,接界,接壤,毗邻,与...相邻,与...接界
  9. 蛰居,闭居
  10. 集中
  11. 管制

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 限制; 局限于 keep or hold, restrict, within limits
  2. vt. 禁闭; 管制; 关起来 keep shut up
n. (名词)
  1. [P]界限,范围 limits; borders

英英释义

Verb:
  1. place limits on (extent or access);

    "restrict the use of this parking lot"
    "limit the time you can spend with your friends"

  2. restrict or confine,

    "I limit you to two visits to the pub a day"

  3. prevent from leaving or from being removed

  4. close in; darkness enclosed him

  5. deprive of freedom; take into confinement

  6. to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement;

    "This holds the local until the express passengers change trains"
    "About a dozen animals were held inside the stockade"
    "The illegal immigrants were held at a detention center"
    "The terrorists held the journalists for ransom"

confine的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. I wish the speaker would confine himself to the subject.
    我希望演说者不要离题。
  2. I am sick, I have to confine to bed.
    我病了,我得卧床休息。
  3. The thief was confined in a prison.
    窃贼被关押在监狱里。
  4. Is it cruel to confine a bird in a cage?
    把鸟关在笼子里残忍不残忍?
用作名词 (n.)
  1. This is outside the confines of human knowledge.
    这超出了人类知识范畴。
  2. The refiner defined a definite confine with her fine finger.
    提炼者用她精细的手指定义了一个明确的界限。
  3. Our first example of confining waves will be to confine a wave at one boundary.
    约束波的第一例子是使波动在一个界面上受到限制。
  4. It will use magnetic fields to confine hydrogen isotopes and heat them to hundreds of millions of degrees Celcius.
    它利用磁场约束氢的同位素并将其加热到数亿摄氏度。
  5. The murderer was placed in the confine.
    杀人犯被监禁了。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He thinks it cruel to confine a lark in a cage.
    他认为把云雀关在笼子里太残忍了。
  2. Dikes confined the flood water.
    堤防挡住了洪水。
  3. She confined her activities in educational circles.
    她把她的各项活动都限制在教育圈内。
  4. 1
  5. The thief is confined in prison.
    这贼被关在监狱里。
  6. Since theft has become his habit, he should be confined.
    偷盗既然成了他的习惯,就该把他关起来。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He was not permitted to pass beyond the confines of his house.
    他不得走出房子的范围。
  2. This is outside the confines of human knowledge.
    这是在人类知识的范围之外。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
confine to (v.+prep.)
    限于…之内 limit sb/sth to sth such as a place or subject
    confine oneself/sb/sth to sth

    Illness confined him to his room.

    他因病呆在屋里。

    He has confined himself to the study of modern languages.

    他只学习现代语言。

    Please confine your remarks to the subject under discussion.

    请把你的话题限于我们所讨论的题目范围之内。

    The edition is confined to 5000 copies.

    这一版书限出5000册。

    Our knowledge about agriculture has so far been exclusively confined to books.

    我们对农业的知识至今只限于书本上所说的。

    For the time being the call-up will be confined to men under the age of twenty-five.

    眼下征召令将限于二十五岁以下的男子。

confine within (v.+prep.)
    关在…里 limit sb/sth within sth such as an area
    confine sth within sth

    Doctors are trying to confine the disease within the city.

    医生正试图将此病控制在城内。

    I should hate to be confined within the four walls of an office all day.

    我讨厌整天关在办公室里。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
介词+~

经典引文

  • That..sort of tragedy which lies on the confines of farce.

    出自: R. L. Stevenson
  • His heart swelled and stopped as though it met sudden confines.

    出自: P. S. Buck
  • Star systems..outside the confines of the Milky Way.

    出自: B. Lovell
  • He..had to confine himself to the deck of the ship.

    出自: B. T. Washington
  • In the Middle Ages education had largely been confined to training the clergy.

    出自: W. S. Churchill
  • Border patrols have been instituted to confine the nomads.

    出自: J. Updike

confine的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. confine的基本意思是“限制”“约束”“划界”,用作及物动词时指“把…限制在…范围内,限制的范围多是狭窄的空间,即“绝对不许越过或不能超出一定的范围或限度”,引申可表示严格管束或监禁,即“把…关在…里”“禁闭”等。
  2. confine的主语可以是人,也可以是物,可接名词或代词作宾语,宾语后面也常可接介词,接to时多表示“限制在…范围内”; 接within时多表示“把…关在…里面”。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
confine, limit
  • 这组词都有“使…局限于”的意思。它们之间的区别是:
  • 1.confine意味着不能超出一定的范围或限制。
  • 2.limit除了具有confine上述的意思之外,还有“预先定下标准、界限,不许越过,不然将受惩罚或遭受不利”的意思。
  • 3.confine的过去分词confined表示“受禁闭”; limit的过去分词limited表示“很有限”“贫乏”。
  • n. (名词)
    confine, bound, limit
  • 参见confine条。
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