caution

  常用词汇  
['kɔːʃn]     ['kɔːʃn]    
  • n. 警告;慎重;戒备;吸引人眼球的人或物
  • vt. 警告;劝告
cautioned cautioned cautioning cautions
new

caution的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 警告,告诫,警示
  2. 小心,谨慎,慎重
  3. <口>令人发笑的人或物
  4. 发噱的事
  5. 警惕
  6. 【律】担保,保证
  7. 须警惕的事
  8. 怪物,怪人
  9. 顾忌,顾虑
  10. 劝告
v. (动词)
  1. 警告,告诫,劝…小心,劝…谨慎小心,使小心
  2. 给予警告,提醒
  3. 注意

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [U]小心,谨慎,慎重 being careful to avoid danger or mistakes; prudence
  2. [C]警告 warning
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 警告,提醒,劝…小心 warn against possible danger; warn about sth bad already done, often with the threat of future punishment for doing it again

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the trait of being cautious; being attentive to possible danger;

    "a man of caution"

  2. a warning against certain acts;

    "a caveat against unfair practices"

  3. judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger;

    "he exercised caution in opening the door"
    "he handled the vase with care"

  4. the trait of being circumspect and prudent

Verb:
  1. warn strongly; put on guard

caution的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The teacher gave Tom a caution and told him never to do it again.
    老师给了汤姆一次警告,叫他不许再那样做。
  2. He told us to proceed with caution.
    他要我们谨慎行事。
  3. Always he sought someone to whom he could talk without caution.
    他一直在找一个能够随便谈谈的人。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. I must caution you against the danger.
    我必须告诫你应谨防危险。
  2. I would caution you against undue optimism .
    我奉劝你不要过于乐观.

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. You should exercise extreme caution when driving in rain.
    在雨中开车要极为小心。
  2. His gesture indicated a caution.
    他的手势表示警告。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The judge cautioned the prisoner.
    法官警告了那个囚犯。
  2. The policeman cautioned that angry driver.
    警察对那个怒气冲冲的司机给予警告。
S+~+that-clause
  1. He cautioned that the Russia-American discussions were still in an exploratory stage.
    他警告说俄美商谈尚处于探索阶段。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ n./pron. +that-clause
  1. I caution you that you are trespassing.
    我提醒你,你已非法闯入私人的领地。
  2. The policeman said,“I must caution you that anything you say may be used against you at your trial.”
    警察说:“我要提醒你,你说的任何一句话都可能在审判时对你不利。”
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. She cautioned the driver to take note of speed.
    她告诫司机注意车速。
  2. The veteran worker cautioned me not to inspect the machine without turning off power.
    老工人告诫我要关掉电源后才能检查机器。
  3. He cautioned me not to drink.
    他告诫我不要喝酒。
  4. I cautioned him not to be late.
    我警告他不要迟到。
  5. 1
  6. We were cautioned not to drive fast.
    我们得到告诫不要快速行车。
  7. He was cautioned to speak as little as possible.
    有人警告他尽量少讲话。
  8. The customers were cautioned to take precautions against pickpockets.
    顾客们被警告提防扒手。
  9. Hait was cautioned not to be lazy.
    海特被警告别懒惰。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
caution about (v.+prep.)
    就(某事)警告(某人) warn (sb) officially about (sth)
    caution sb about sth

    The weather-forecaster cautioned us about the icy roads.

    气象预报员提醒我们注意结冰后的道路。

caution against (v.+prep.)
    警告(某人)不要做(某事) warn (sb) officially against (doing sth)
    caution sb against sth/v-ing

    I cautioned him against the danger.

    我警告他当心危险。

    They cautioned him against the danger of going home so late.

    他们提醒他这么晚回家是危险的。

    He cautioned us against playing in that busy street.

    他告诫我们不要在那条交通繁忙的街道上玩耍。

    We were cautioned against using that bridge.

    有人警告我们不要从那座桥上过去。

caution for (v.+prep.)
    警告(某人)不要做(某事) warn (sb) officially against (doing sth)
    caution sb for sth/v-ing

    The policeman cautioned me for speeding.

    警察警告我今后不要再开快车。

    He was cautioned for drunken driving.

    他因酒后开车受到警告。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • What meant that caution joind, if ye be found Obedient?

    出自: Milton

caution的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. caution的基本意思是告诉人们即将来临或可能出现的危险与风险,强调建议别人提高警惕预防不测。依据对象和语气的不同,可分别译为“提醒”“劝…小心”。
  2. caution是及物动词,可接名词、代词或从句作宾语,也可接双宾语。还可接以动词不定式(含to be)充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. caution的宾语后常接介词about或 against ,表示“就…警告某人”“警告某人不要做…”。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
caution, advise
  • 这组词都有“劝告”的意思。其区别在于:
  • 1.advise的意思是“建议”“劝告”“忠告”; caution的意思是“警告”“告诫”。
  • 2.advise指依据个人的经验、学识或正确判断而提出的供人参考的肺腑之言,希望被人接受;caution则强调给人以警告,使其防范某人或某物,或采取某行动。
  • caution, forewarn, warn
  • 这三个词均可指警告可能的或即将来到的危险、伤害或不愉快的事。其区别是:
  • warn强调明白无误地警告或告诫,有时含威胁意味。caution强调告诫某人对可能发生的危险或不愉快的事情多加小心,并常提出对之如何防范的忠告,强调的是动作本身。例如:
  • The judge cautioned the prisoner.法官警告了那个囚犯。
  • The veteran worker cautioned me not to inspect the machine without turning off the power.老工人告诫我要关掉电源后才能检查机器。
  • forewarn比warn有更强的“预先”意味,尽管危险不一定在眼前,暗含危险已迫在眉睫。例如:
  • We had been forewarned of the risk of the fire that would break out.已经事先警告过我们有发生火灾的危险。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自拉丁语的cautio,意为意识到。
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