- vt. & vi. (使)燃烧 catch fire; be on fire
- vt. (火或强酸)烧毁,焚毁,烧伤 be destroy by fire; be damage or injure by fire or acid; be hurt by fire or acid
- vt. & vi. 生气,情绪激动 be filled with strong feeling
- [U][C]烧伤,灼伤 an injury caused by burning
- [C]烧痕,烧过的地方 a burned place or area
pain that feels hot as if it were on fire
a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun
an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation
a place or area that has been burned (especially on a person's body)
damage inflicted by fire
destroy by fire;
"They burned the house and his diaries"
shine intensely, as if with heat;
"The coals were glowing in the dark"
"The candles were burning"
"Maple wood burns well"
cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort;
"The sun burned his face"
cause to burn or combust;
"The sun burned off the fog"
"We combust coal and other fossil fuels"
feel strong emotion, especially anger or passion;
"She was burning with anger"
"He was burning to try out his new skies"
cause to undergo combustion;
"The car burns only Diesel oil"
burn at the stake;
"Witches were burned in Salem"
spend (significant amounts of money);
"He has money to burn"
feel hot or painful;
"My eyes are burning"
burn, sear, or freeze (tissue) using a hot iron or electric current or a caustic agent;
"The surgeon cauterized the wart"
get a sunburn by overexposure to the sun
create by duplicating data;
"cut a disk"
"burn a CD"
use up (energy);
"burn off calories through vigorous exercise"
burn with heat, fire, or radiation;
"The iron burnt a hole in my dress"
- Half the candle had burnt away.
- It's better to burn out than to fade away!
- Paper burns easily.
- If the satellite returns to earth too fast, it will burn up on the way.
- He is going to scalp me or burn me at the stake.
- She is burning to tell you the news.
- Tell him to put cold water on the burn.
- He died of the burns he received in the fire.
- It seems that matter is lost when fuels burn.
- Coal of this quality doesn't burn very easily.
- The stove is burning.
- You'd better keep the fire burning in the evening.
- The fire is burning briskly.
- The oil is burning.
- The forest was burning furiously.
- Stone won't burn.
- Paper burns easily.
- Buildings were smashed and burning and rubble heaps blocked many streets.
- That place was burning fast.
- All the lights were burning.
- His heart was burning like fire.
- His spirit burns as warm as in youth.
- The milk has burned.
- The meat is burning.
- The fire burned red.
- The sky burned bright.
- The old man was burning hot and breathing with difficulty.
- She would not say a word even though the enemy threatened to burn her.
- The child burnt his fingers while playing with fire.
- Some acids are strong enough to burn the wood.
- The milk is very hot; don't burn your mouth.
- She burnt her leg badly.
- The pepper burnt his tongue.
- What burnt him after all?
- She was burnt in a raging fire while working in a factory.
- The potatoes were burnt.
- People used to burn an oil lamp to get light.
- Many people burn wood to keep themselves warm in winter.
- The sun burnt him quite black.
- More than forty people were burnt alive.
- The bread is burnt black and hard.
- A burnt child dreads the fire.
- They were burning to avenge the death of their leader.
- My younger brother is burning to go to the countryside.
- She was burning to buy a computer.
- It is burning hot.
- The firemen suffered severe burns.
- The lariat gave me a rope burn.
- He suffered a second-degree burn on the face.
- She is suffering from radiation burns.
- If drops of sulphuric acid splashed anyone it would cause burns and blisters.
- He is being treated for minor-degree burns.
- The serious burn on her hand was caused by a hot iron.
- I smell the burn of rubber.
- Don't lie too long in the sun or you will get a painful burn.
- The burn of the antiseptic made him wince.
- He had two X-ray burns on the back.
- There were cosmetic burns on her face.
- Cases of major burns require medical treatment and hospitalization.
- The child was rescued from the fire, but died soon of terrible burns.
- The cigar burns in the rug are very eye-catching.
- There is a burn on the table top.
- burn away (v.+adv.)
继续燃烧; 烧毁,烧掉(某物) continue burning; destroy (sth) by burning
The fire was burning away cheerfully.
The forest fire burnt away for days.
The fire burned away for five days.
Half of the oil in the lamp had burned away.
灯里的油已经烧掉了一半。burn sth ⇔ away
The sunlight has burnt away the haze.
Half the candle had been burnt away.
When the pilot reached hospital, it was found that tissue had been burnt away from his face and hands.
The skin on his feet was burnt away.
- burn down (v.+adv.)
(使)烧毁 (cause to) be destroyed by fire
The fire burns down slowly.
When the firemen came the fire has burned down.
Let's leave the fire to burn down and go into our tents.
The room grew colder as the fire burnt down.
The house burnt down in half an hour.
那所房子在半小时之内就被烧光了。burn sth ⇔ down
The demonstrators burned police vans down.
Don't leave the gas on— you might burn the house down.
The enemy soldiers burnt all the houses down.
A fire burnt the house down.
The puppet troops burnt the whole village down.
The magistrates are allowed to burn house down while the common people are forbidden even to light lamps.
The old house was burnt down and only ashes were left.
A number of houses were burned down in the fire.
The city was all burnt down during the war.
- burn for (v.+prep.)
渴望(成功等) desire (sth such as success) greatly
- burn in (v.+adv.)
留下不可磨灭的印象 fix by burning, so that removal is impossible; fix in the mind, so that removal is impossible
What he heard burnt in.
What we have seen and heard in China burnt in.
- burn into (v.+prep.)
形成(某种习惯、看法等) fix (an idea, etc.) so that it cannot be removed
burn into sth
His words burnt into my mind.
The sight of such poverty burned into his soul.
这贫穷的景象使他毕生难忘。burn sth into sth
Some letters had been burnt into the wood.
The owner's mark was burnt into the animal's skin.
That day is burnt into my memory.
那一天我毕生难忘。burn sth into sb
The habit of obedience was burned into me as a child.
- burn off (v.+adv.)
用火烧从(地里)清除谷物残茬 remove the remains of grain crops from (a field)
- burn out (v.+adv.)
(使)失去活力,(使)垮掉 (cause to) stop being active
burn sb/sth ⇔ out
Flames burnt out two adjoining houses.
We'll burn out the rats in the hole.
The building was burnt out and only the walls remained.
The factory was completely burnt out.
The car has been burnt out.
The plane was completely burnt out after the crash.
The family were burnt out of their home twice last year.
Thousands of people were burned out and made homeless overnight.
The oil lamp burnt out.
The light bulb in the bathroom burned out and father put in a new one.
洗澡间的电灯烧坏了,父亲装上了一个新的。burn sth ⇔ out
He burnt out the clutch on his car.
During the long race he burned out his brakes.
The fire burned itself out.
大火不再烧了。burn oneself/sth ⇔ out
The farmer burned out his field by planting the same crop every year for many years.
The poet burned out his ability before he was thirty.
Bill burned himself out in the first part of the race and could not finish.
You'll burn yourself out if you work too hard.
Mary was warned not to burn herself out with too much work.
When we got back from the cinema we found that the fire had burnt itself out.
The last time I saw him, he looked completely burned out.
- burn to (v.+prep.)
烧死某人 kill sb with fire
- burn up (v.+adv.)
斥责(某人); 使(某人)发怒 scold (sb); cause (sb) to be very angry
If you put on more coal the fire will burn up.
你加点煤火就会旺起来。burn sb/sth ⇔ up
He threw a log on the fire, and it was burned up with a crackle.
他扔了一块木柴在火上,使它劈劈啪啪地燃了起来。burn sth ⇔ up
The fire burned up more than ￡ 50,000 worth of antiques.
We burnt up all the garden rubbish.
The spacecraft was burned up when it re-entered the earth's atmosphere.
If lightning strikes, the haystack will be burned up in no time.
The house was burned up before the firemen got there.
救火队员到达前房子已烧光了。burn sb ⇔ up
The boy's rudeness burned up his teacher.
He always burned up his mother.
It burned me up that she was not promoted.
It burns me up the way she treated me.
He was all burned up about it.
- burn with (v.+prep.)
充满,被…煎熬 feel (sth) strongly
- burn alive 活活烧死
- burn black 烧黑
- burn blue 火光发蓝
- burn bright 火光明亮
- burn dim 火光昏暗
- burn dull 烧得不旺
- burn hard 烧硬
- burn red 火光发红
- burn warm 烧暖
- burn a hole 把…烧个洞
- burn a hole in one's pocket 存不住钱,有钱就花
- burn a torch 点火把
- burn anger 怒火燃烧
- burn bricks 烧砖
- burn candles 点蜡烛
- burn charcoal 烧炭
- burn coal 烧煤
- burn daylight 白日点灯,徒劳无益
- burn fuel 烧燃料
- burn gas 烧煤气
- burn lime 烧石灰
- burn log 烧木头
- burn meat 烤肉
- burn one's bridges 破釜沉舟
- burn one's fingers 自讨苦吃
- burn one's hand 烫了手
- burn one's mouth (茶)烫嘴,(辣椒)辣得嘴发烧
- burn one's tongue (茶)烫舌头,(辣椒)辣得舌头发烧
- burn the candle at both ends 过度消耗精力
- burn the midnight oil 开夜车,干到深夜
- burn torches 点火把
- burn deep 深度烧伤
- burn fast 火势凶猛
- burn low 火力减弱
- burn badly 严重烧伤
- burn brightly 燃烧得旺
- burn brilliantly 燃烧得旺
- burn briskly 火烧得旺
- burn cheerfully 暖融融地燃烧
- burn dimly 烛光昏暗
- burn dully 炉火不旺
- burn easily 易燃
- burn fiercely 熊熊燃烧
- burn furiously 熊熊地燃烧
- burn merrily 炉火暖融融
- burn quietly 静静地燃烧
- burn severely 严重地烧伤
- burn vigorously 熊熊燃烧
- burn away 烧掉,烧毁,使逐渐消灭
- burn down 减弱,烧毁
- burn in 留下不可磨灭的印象
- burn off 驱散,烧光
- burn on 被烧坏
- burn out (把…)烧坏,烧光,用火(把…)赶出,使筋疲力尽
- burn together 熔接,烧焊
- burn up (把…)烧掉,(使…)生气,恼火
- burn at 被烧死在…
- burn at the stake 在火刑柱上焚烧
- burn for 渴望
- burn for utterance 急于发言
- burn from 因…而刺痛
- burn from cold 冻得发痛
- burn into 在…烧上、烙上(记号等),形成(某种习惯、看法等)
- burn into one's mind 在心目中留下不可磨灭的印象
- burn to 使烧成…,烧到…
- burn to ashes 烧成灰烬
- burn to death 烧死
- burn to the ground 烧成平地
- burn with 与…一起燃烧,强烈地感受到
- burn with a desire 强烈希望
- burn with ambition 野心勃勃
- burn with anger 怒火燃烧
- burn with ardor for study 对学习充满热情
- burn with curiosity 有强烈的好奇心
- burn with devotion to duty 极端忠于职守
- burn with fever 发烧
- burn with flame 火焰熊熊
- burn with hope 充满希望
- burn with jealousy 妒火中烧
- burn with love 情火炽烈
- burn with passion 心急如焚
- burn with resentment 强烈不满
- burn with shame 羞得(两颊)发烧
- chemical burn 化学品灼伤
- cosmetic burn 化妆性烧伤
- dark burn 烧暗
- deep burn 严重烧伤
- first degree burn 一度烧伤
- minor burn 轻度烧伤
- painful burn 痛伤
- serious burn 严重烧伤
- severe burn 严重烧伤
- terrible burn 严重烧伤
A bright fire burned in the modernised grate.出自： A. Sillitoe
The flames burned straight.出自： J. Rhys
- burn的过去式和过去分词有两种形式, burned或burnt。英式英语中用作不及物动词或用作比喻时用burned,用作及物动词或形容词时用burnt; 美式英语中一般只用burned,只有过去分词作形容词时才用burnt。
- burn用作名词时有3个意思:①“烧”,指抽象的燃烧动作或状态,是不可数名词; ②“伤”,指烧伤或刺痛,是可数名词; ③“痕”,指烧过或烧伤的痕迹,是可数名词。
- burn down, burn out, burn up
- burn down强调把某物“烧毁”,除此之外还可表示火势“减弱”。例如:
- The fire burns down slowly.火慢慢地熄灭了。
- burn out强调“燃烧完了”。例如:
- The match soon burnt out.火柴很快烧完了。
- burn up除表示“烧光”外,还可表示“烧了起来”。例如:
- The fire burnt up suddenly.火突然烧了起来。
- burn, char, scorch, sear, singe
- all the burned wood 所有烧掉的木材(过去分词表动作)
- all the burnt wood 所有烧焦的木材(过去分词用作形容 词表性质)
- The candle was burned out at midnight.
- The candle burned itself out at midnight.
误 The children were burned with curiosity.
正 The children were burning with curiosity.
析 be burning with是习惯用法,表示“充满了某种情感”,若前无be的话则可以用过去式。那个男孩在火中被烧死了。
误 That boy was burnt down.
正 That boy was burnt to death.
析 “人被烧死”决不能说burn down,而应该说burn to death。这个被烧伤的女孩害怕火。
误 The burned girl dreads the fire.
正 The burnt girl dreads the fire.
- ☆ 13世纪进入英语，直接源自古北欧语和古英语的brenna；最初源自原始日耳曼语的brennan，意为燃烧，点燃，着火。