abandoning

  核心辭彙  
[ə'bændən]     [ə'bændən]    
  • v. 放棄;拋棄;放縱
  • n. 放縱
abandonment abandoned abandoned abandoning abandons
new

abandon的英文翻譯是什麼意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. 放棄,捨棄,棄絕
  2. 遺棄,拋棄,離棄(家園、飛機、船隻等)
  3. 放縱 ,縱情,使聽任,無拘無束,沉湎於,使沉溺於(oneself)
  4. 斷絕,戒除
  5. 【律】遺棄(妻子)
  6. 【保險】投保,委付
  7. 撇開,拋開,離開
  8. 丟棄,扔棄
  9. 擱置,取消,中止,停止
  10. 使屈從
  11. 【航空學】(機上人員)棄機(跳傘)
n. (名詞)
  1. 放任,任性,放縱,放肆,縱情,無拘無束,不顧一切
  2. 狂放,狂熱,一往情深

雙解釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. vt. 放棄; 捨棄; 離開 leave a place, especially because it is difficult or dangerous to stay there
  2. vt. 離棄; 遺棄; 拋棄 leave completely and forever; desert; leave sb when you should stay with them and look after them
  3. vt. 放棄; 中止 give up or bring an end to (sth), especially without finishing it or gaining the intended result
n. (名詞)
  1. [U]〈書〉放任; 放縱 an uncontrolled way of behaving that shows that sb does not care what other people think

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. the trait of lacking restraint or control; reckless freedom from inhibition or worry;

    "she danced with abandon"

  2. a feeling of extreme emotional intensity;

    "the wildness of his anger"

Verb:
  1. forsake, leave behind;

    "We abandoned the old car in the empty parking lot"

  2. give up with the intent of never claiming again;

    "Abandon your life to God"
    "She gave up her children to her ex-husband when she moved to Tahiti"
    "We gave the drowning victim up for dead"

  3. leave behind empty; move out of;

    "You must vacate your office by tonight"

  4. stop maintaining or insisting on; of ideas or claims;

    "He abandoned the thought of asking for her hand in marriage"
    "Both sides have to give up some claims in these negotiations"

  5. leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch;

    "The mother deserted her children"

abandon的用法和樣例:

例句

用作動詞 (v.)
  1. Those who abandon themselves to despair can not succeed.
    那些自暴自棄的人無法成功。
  2. Despite some difficulties, they're not going to abandon the plan.
    儘管他們遇到了一些困難,但並不打算放棄這個計劃。
  3. The cruel man abandoned his wife and child.
    那個狠心的男人拋棄了他的妻兒。
  4. They abandon themselves to drinking.
    他們沉湎於飲酒。
用作名詞 (n.)
  1. He signed cheques with careless abandon.
    他無所顧忌地亂開支票。
  2. The cheerleader waved his arms with wild abandon.
    拉拉隊隊長瘋狂地揮舞雙臂。

常見句型

用作動詞 (v.)
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Jackson has abandoned his old car.
    傑克遜把他那輛舊車扔了。
  2. The car was badly damaged, so they abandoned it.
    那輛車壞得太厲害了,所以他們丟棄了它。
  3. Snow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles.
    大雪迫使許多駕車者棄車步行。
  4. You're not supposed to abandon your car on the motorway.
    你不應當把車丟在快車道上。
  5. The crew abandoned the sinking ship after a hard struggle.
    一番艱苦搏鬥之後,船員們放棄了正在下沉的船。
  6. We were sinking fast, and the captain gave the order to abandon the ship.
    我們在迅速地下沉,船長下令棄船。
  7. When the fire got out of control, the captain told the sailors to abandon the ship.
    當火勢已無法控制時,船長吩咐水手棄船逃生。
  8. The enemy abandoned the city and fled.
    敵軍棄城而逃。
  9. People often simply abandon their pets when they go abroad.
    人們出國時常常丟下寵物不管,一走了之。
  10. The people abandoned the village before the soldiers came.
    人們在士兵到來前就逃離了村莊。
  11. Most of the villagers have abandoned their homes and fled.
    大部分村民棄家逃走了。
  12. He abandoned his desolate home and set out on a long journey.
    他放棄了荒蕪的家園,出遠門去了。
  13. Tens of thousands of people have been forced to abandon their homes and native villages since the war broke out.
    自從這場戰爭爆發以來,幾萬人被迫離鄉背井。
  14. The cruel man abandoned his wife and children.
    這個狠心的男子拋棄了他的妻室和兒女。
  15. I'm sorry I abandoned you like that.
    很抱歉我那樣突然拋下你走了。
  16. She abandoned her husband and children and went off with another man.
    她拋棄了自己的丈夫和孩子,跟另外一個男人跑了。
  17. He abandoned his wife and children for another woman.
    他拋棄妻兒,另覓新歡。
  18. Long before the kingdom was overthrown the ministers had already abandoned the old king.
    在這個王國被推翻以前,大臣們早已不忠於年邁的國王了。
  19. The country abandoned its political leaders after the war.
    戰後該國人民不再擁護他們的政治領袖。
  20. We will never abandon our principles.
    我們應該堅持原則。
  21. She abandoned her journey temporarily.
    她暫時放棄了旅行。
  22. He despairingly abandoned his search.
    他絕望地放棄了尋找。
  23. They had to abandon the match because of rain.
    因為下雨,他們只好中止比賽。
  24. The bad weather forced them to abandon their search.
    惡劣的天氣迫使他們中止了搜尋工作。
  25. They abandoned their attempts to escape.
    他們放棄了逃跑的嘗試。
  26. He abandoned the whole idea.
    他完全放棄了那個想法。
  27. They had abandoned all hope.
    他們已經放棄了一切希望。
  28. I abandoned my hope of being a doctor.
    我放棄了當醫生的希望。
  29. I have abandoned hope of any reconciliation.
    我已對任何和解都不再抱希望。
  30. They abandoned all hope of finding the child.
    他們放棄了找到這個孩子的一切希望。
  31. The family had abandoned all hope of finding him alive.
    家人對他的生還已經不抱任何希望。
  32. The commander decided to abandon the plan for an all-out offensive.
    指揮官決定放棄全面進攻的計劃。
  33. The scientist abandoned his research for lack of fund.
    由於資金不足,這位科學家放棄了他的研究工作。
  34. By 1930 he had abandoned his Marxist principles.
    到1930年他已放棄了馬克思主義信念。
  35. The party has now abandoned its earlier commitment to restoring full employment.
    該黨現已放棄早先關於恢復充分就業的承諾。
  36. Despite current problems, they have not abandoned their commitment to the peace process.
    儘管目前還有許多問題,但他們並未放棄對和平進程的承諾。
  37. The doctor advised me to abandon smoking.
    醫生勸我戒煙。
  38. Ade urged me to abandon the habit of smoking.
    艾德敦促我戒煙。
  39. My memory abandoned me completely at one point.
    在某一點上我完全記不起來了。
  40. 1
  41. The building has been abandoned for a number of years.
    這幢房屋已棄置多年。
  42. The coastal settlements were abandoned in the 19th century.
    沿海的定居點廢棄於19世紀。
  43. When the rebel troops arrived, the village had already been abandoned.
    叛軍到達時村裡已空無一人。
  44. The drought areas were not abandoned.
    乾旱地區沒有被人置之不理。
  45. The baby had been abandoned by its mother.
    這個嬰兒被母親遺棄了。
  46. She was abandoned by her boyfriend.
    她被男友拋棄了。
  47. Hardy felt that he had been abandoned by all his followers.
    哈迪覺得所有的追隨者都背棄了自己。
  48. This project should not be abandoned.
    這項工程不能下馬。
  49. The game had to be abandoned because of crowd trouble.
    由於觀眾滋事,比賽只得中止。
  50. The search was abandoned when night came, even though the child had not been found.
    當夜幕降臨時,搜尋便停止了,儘管失蹤的孩子還沒有找到。
  51. The searching for the missing child was abandoned after two weeks.
    兩星期後他們放棄了搜救那名失蹤的小孩。
  52. The plan was abandoned for some reason.
    這項計劃由於某種原因而被放棄了。
  53. By this time, the steady state theory of the universe had been largely abandoned.
    到此時,宇宙穩態論大半已被揚棄。
用作賓補動詞 S+~+ n./pron. +as adj.
  1. They abandoned it as useless.
    他們認為它沒有用便把它丟棄了。
其他
  1. An abandoned baby was found in a box on the hospital steps.
    在醫院台階上的一個盒子里發現了一個棄嬰。
  2. The police found the abandoned car.
    警察找到了那輛被丟棄的汽車。
  3. She threw off her cloak with an abandoned gesture.
    她以一种放縱的姿勢脫掉了斗篷。
  4. When her boyfriend left her, she felt very abandoned.
    當男朋友離開她時,她覺得被拋棄了。
  5. The car was found abandoned near the village.
    那輛汽車被發現丟棄在村子附近。

常用短語

用作動詞 (v.)
abandon for (v.+prep.)
    放棄〔停止〕…而從事〔進行〕…stop sth to do a different thing
    abandon sth for sth

    She abandoned law for the fine arts.

    她放棄法律而改學美術。

    In his early days he abandoned medicine for literature.

    他早年棄醫從文。

    She abandoned paganism for Christianity.

    她放棄異教而改信基督教。

    He abandoned the pen for the sword.

    他投筆從戎。

    Contemplation was abandoned for action.

    停止思考,起而行動。

abandon to (v.+prep.)
    使全然陷入give (sth/sb/oneself) completely to (sth such as a feeling or condition, or sb)
    abandon sb/sth to sth/sb

    We won't abandon her to the mercy of the criminal.

    我們不會棄她不顧而聽任罪犯擺布。

    They abandoned the city to the conqueror.

    他們把那個城市丟棄給征服者。

    They had to abandon their lands and property to the invading forces.

    他們不得不放棄土地和財產,讓侵略軍佔領。

    The affairs of the nation have been abandoned to dishonest politicians.

    治國大權已落入詭詐的政客手中。

    The study showed a deep fear among the elderly of being abandoned to the care of strangers.

    研究表明,老人十分害怕被丟給陌生人照管。

    abandon sb/sth to one's fate

    He abandoned his daughter to her fate.

    他遺棄了女兒,任其受命運擺布。

    They abandoned us to our fate.

    他們撒手不管,讓我們聽天由命。

    He abandoned it to its fate.

    對此事他無可奈何,只得聽其自然。

    He abandoned everyone else to their fate and fled to safety.

    他不管他人死活,獨自逃生。

    abandon oneself to sth/v-ing

    Don't abandon yourself to despair.

    不要悲觀失望。

    He abandoned himself to despair.

    他陷入絕望。

    He abandoned himself to excessive grief.

    他陷入過度的哀傷之中。

    After her mother died, she abandoned herself to grief.

    母親死後,她沉浸於悲痛之中。

    The rich man abandoned himself to pleasures.

    這個有錢人沉溺於尋歡作樂。

    Do not abandon yourself to pleasures.

    不可一味享樂。

    The young man abandoned himself to dissipation.

    這個年輕人過著放蕩的生活.

    They abandoned themselves to intemperance.

    他們飲酒無度。

    She abandoned herself to the serene landscape.

    她沉浸在寧靜的景色之中。

    You should not abandon yourself to eating and drinking.

    你不應該過於貪圖吃喝。

    The sailors abandoned themselves to drinking.

    水手們縱情飲酒。

用作名詞 (n.)
with〔in〕 abandon
    盡情地; 放縱地in an uncontrolled way, as if you do not care what the result will be

辭彙搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞 ~+介詞
用作名詞 (n.)
介詞+~

經典引文

  • Fortune to her law cannot abandune me.

    出自: J. Skelton

abandon的詳細講解:

詞語用法

v. (動詞)
  1. abandon的基本意思是「棄」。一是指因困難或危險(尤指因匆忙或想要逃跑)不得已而放棄某物或者離開某地,即停止行使權力或所有權的實施而「離棄」「放棄」「捨棄」或「丟棄」; 二是指不顧責任或義務而「離棄」「遺棄」或「拋棄」某人,如需要撫養的兒女、需要贍養的父母或者需要照顧的傷殘病人等; 三是指中途停止已經開始或正在進行而尚未完成或取得成果的工作、事業,「放棄」某種信仰、希望或想法,「背棄」某種諾言而停止實施幫助或支持,「戒除」某種行為或說話方式以及不良習慣等。
  2. abandon所指的「放棄」強調「永遠」和「完全」。其動機既可以是正確的,也可以是不正確的; 既可以是被迫的,也可以是出於逃避責任的主觀故意。
  3. abandon一般用作及物動詞,接名詞或代詞作賓語,有時還可接以「as+形容詞」充當補足語的複合賓語,可用於被動結構。abandon的主語通常是人。作「離棄」「遺棄」解時賓語為人,其後常接介詞短語to sth;作「放棄」「捨棄」解時賓語為物,其後常接介詞短語to sb/sth。
  4. abandon可用於一般現在時、一般過去時、一般將來時或完成時態,一般不用於現在進行時態。
  5. abandon oneself to常用於正式文體中,意思是「陷於某種情感或狀態中」,介詞to之後一般接表示某種感情或慾望的詞作賓語。
  6. abandon的過去分詞abandoned可用作形容詞,意思是「被遺棄的」「縱情的,恣意的」,在句中常用作定語,偶爾也可用作表語或賓語補足語。
n. (名詞)
  1. abandon用作名詞時的意思是「放任; 盡情; 任意; 放縱」,常用於介詞短語with〔in〕 abandon中。

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
abandon, desert, forsake, give up, leave, quit
  • 1.abandon的賓語可以是對其負有權利和義務的人(朋友、妻室兒女等)、物或事物(計劃、希望、意見、職業等),例如:
  • He abandoned medicine for literature.他棄醫從文。
  • desert的賓語主要是職責或應盡的義務; forsake的賓語可以是某種宗教信仰或愛好等,也可以是某人曾經一度愛慕或依戀過的人或物。例如:
  • She forsook her worldly possessions to devote herself to the church.她拋棄所有而獻身教會。
  • 2.leave為普通用語,表示一般的「離開」,與off搭配時表示「放棄」,例如:
  • It's time you left off that childish habit of thought.你該放棄那種孩子似的思維習慣了。
  • abandon強調不負責任,丟棄不顧,永遠和完全放棄,例如:
  • I would never abandon any friends.我永遠不會遺棄我的朋友。
  • desert強調背信棄義,違背允諾、誓言或逃避責任,為法律或道德所不容; forsake強調斷絕感情上的依戀,含有並不違背法律和道德規範的意味; quit表示突然地、倉促地放棄; give up包含有abandon, quit或leave的意思。
  • 3.在原因或動機上, abandon, leave, give up可以是主動的、自願的,也可以是被迫的、勉強的; quit則是主動的、自願的,例如:
  • I'd had enough, so I quit.我受夠了,所以我辭職不幹了。
  • abandon,desert,leave,give up,forsake
  • 這些動詞或片語均含「拋棄、放棄」之意
  • abandon強調永遠或完全放棄或拋棄人或事物等,這可能是被迫的,也可能是自願的。
  • desert著重指違背法律責任和義務,或自己的信仰與誓言的行為,多含非難的意味。
  • leave普通用詞,指捨棄某事或某一職業,或終止同一某人的關係,但不涉及動機與結果。
  • give up普通用語,側重指沒有希望或因外界壓力而放棄。
  • forsake側重斷絕感情上的依戀,自願拋棄所喜歡的人或物。也指拋棄信仰或改掉惡習。
  • 詞源解說

    • ☆ 14世紀晚期進入英語,直接源自古法語的abandoner,意為投降,放任。
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