arbitrary

  常用词汇  
['ɑːbɪtrəri]     ['ɑːrbətreri]    
  • adj. 任意的;专制的;武断的;霸道的
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arbitrary的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 专制的,专横的,武断的,独断(独行)的,霸道的
  2. 随心所欲的,反覆无常的,任性(多变)的,任意的
  3. 固执的
  4. 不分清红皂白
  5. 任选的
  6. 滥捕的
  7. 人为的

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 随意的,主观的 based on personal opinion or impulse, not on reason
  2. 专横的,独断专行的 using controlled power without considering others; dictatorial

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. based on or subject to individual discretion or preference or sometimes impulse or caprice;

    "an arbitrary decision"
    "the arbitrary rule of a dictator"
    "an arbitrary penalty"
    "of arbitrary size and shape"
    "an arbitrary choice"
    "arbitrary division of the group into halves"

arbitrary的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. My choice was quite arbitrary.
    我的选择相当随意。
  2. I'm not used to your arbitrary standards.
    我不习惯你们那些随心所欲的标准。
  3. Dictators are arbitrary rulers.
    独裁者即独断专横的统治者。
  4. This is an arbitrary decision.
    这是个武断的决定。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. You can make an arbitrary choice.
    你可以随便做选择。
  2. A good judge does not make arbitrary decisions.
    一个优秀的法官不会做武断的决定。
  3. He makes unpredictable, arbitrary decisions.
    他做的决定难以预料,主观武断。
  4. It is difficult to discern the motive of this seemingly arbitrary attack.
    这种看上去随心所欲的攻击很难看出其动机。
  5. She made an arbitrary choice of the black shoes instead of the brown ones.
    她心血来潮地选了那双黑色的而不是棕色的鞋。
  6. This is a country where arbitrary arrests are commonplace.
    在这个国家里,公民遭到肆意逮捕是司空见惯的事。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. I didn't know anything about any of the books so my choice was quite arbitrary.
    对那些书我一点儿也不了解,所以我只是随意选了一些。
  2. Our decision to go to Italy this summer rather than Spain was quite arbitrary.
    我们只是一时随心所欲地决定今夏去意大利而不去西班牙的。
  3. The choice of players for the team seemed completely arbitrary.
    看来这个队的队员完全是随意选定的。
  4. The selection of the 100 participants was completely arbitrary.
    对100个参加者的选择完全是随意的。
  5. His conduct appears to have been arbitrary and harsh.
    看来他的领导方式一向霸道粗暴。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~

经典引文

  • It is not left arbitrary to you that you may doe good if you will.

    出自: Joseph Hall

arbitrary的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj. (形容词)
  1. arbitrary作“任意的,主观的”解时,主要指不按照客观实际办事; 作“专横的,无理的,独断专行的”解时,主要指无视宪法与法律或别人的利益而是按照自己的意愿任意行使或滥用权力。

词义辨析

adj. (形容词)
arbitrary, absolute, tyrannical
  • 这组词都有“不受制约地行使权力或权威”的意思。其区别是:
  • 1.从意思上说:absolute指“无条件的; 绝对的”,主要用于描述权威或权威者; arbitrary指“专横的; 任性的”,指按个人当时的意愿而不顾宪法和法律任意行使或滥用权力,强调随心所欲和个人私利; tyrannical指“专制的,暴君的”,强调滥用权力,苛求和压迫他人。
  • 2.从使用范围上说:absolute可指一个人或一个集团; arbitrary指个人; tyrannical不指人,也不指政府,而指任何滥用权威的现象。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 15世纪初期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的arbitrarius,意为自行决定的。
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