aquire

  核心词汇  
[ə'kwaɪə(r)]     [ə'kwaɪər]    
  • vt.获得;学到;取得
acquirable acquirer acquired acquired acquiring acquires
new

acquire是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 获得,取得,得来,得到,得
  2. 学到,学得(知识)
  3. 养成(爱好)
  4. 招致
  5. 探明并盯住(要侦察的目标),(用探测器)捕捉住(目标),捕获(目标)
  6. 夺取
  7. 买进,买下
  8. 征购,收购,购得

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 〈正〉获得; 得到 gain sth by your own efforts, ability or behaviour
  2. vt. 购得; 获得; 得到 obtain sth by buying or being given it

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
aquire : 获得, 得到 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
aquire : 获得, 得到 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
aquire : 收购 ...
在 《外教社商务英语词典》 中查看更多...
aquire : 获得, 得到 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
aquire : 获得, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. come into the possession of something concrete or abstract;

    "She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"
    "They acquired a new pet"
    "Get your results the next day"
    "Get permission to take a few days off from work"

  2. take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect;

    "His voice took on a sad tone"
    "The story took a new turn"
    "he adopted an air of superiority"
    "She assumed strange manners"
    "The gods assume human or animal form in these fables"

  3. come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes);

    "He grew a beard"
    "The patient developed abdominal pains"
    "I got funny spots all over my body"
    "Well-developed breasts"

  4. locate (a moving entity) by means of a tracking system such as radar

  5. win something through one's efforts;

    "I acquired a passing knowledge of Chinese"
    "Gain an understanding of international finance"

  6. gain knowledge or skills;

    "She learned dancing from her sister"
    "I learned Sanskrit"
    "Children acquire language at an amazing rate"

  7. gain through experience;

    "I acquired a strong aversion to television"
    "Children must develop a sense of right and wrong"
    "Dave developed leadership qualities in his new position"
    "develop a passion for painting"

acquire的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. We should try to acquire good habits.
    我们应该努力养成良好的习惯。
  2. He will acquire the right to permanent residency here.
    他将获得这里的永久居留权。
  3. We hope to acquire the knowledge in the happiness.
    我们希望在快乐中获得知识。
  4. One can never acquire enough experience.
    经验是永远学不足的。
  5. You must acquire great skills of perception.
    你必须学会洞察事物的高超技巧。
  6. We should acquire more firsthand information.
    我们应当取得更多的第一手资料。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I've suddenly acquired a stepbrother.
    我突然有了一个继兄弟。
  2. I managed to acquire two tickets for the concert.
    我设法弄到了两张音乐会的票。
  3. The company has just acquired new premises.
    公司刚购得新办公楼。
  4. The company has recently acquired new offices in central London.
    公司最近在伦敦市中心弄到了新的办公室。
  5. We acquired the shares for £1.75 each.
    我们以每股1.75英镑买下了股票。
  6. He acquired a property.
    他得到一笔财产。
  7. We should acquire more firsthand information.
    我们应当取得更多的第一手资料。
  8. I tried to acquire the information I needed.
    我千方百计地搞到了我所需要的资料。
  9. The couple acquire a good reputation in art circles.
    这对夫妇在文艺界获得美名。
  10. Our firm has acquired an increasing prestige.
    我们公司的声望不断提高。
  11. He has acquired a reputation for dishonesty.
    他得到了奸诈的名声。
  12. How did she acquire her skill?
    她的本领是怎样学来的?
  13. She has acquired a good knowledge of English.
    她英语已经学得很好。
  14. You must work hard to acquire good knowledge of English.
    你必须努力学习英语,以求精通。
  15. We must acquire advanced science and technology.
    我们一定要把先进的科学技术学到手。
  16. How do you acquire so much knowledge of buying and selling of stocks in such a short time?
    你是怎样在这么短的时间内获得这么多有关股票交易知识的?
  17. We want people to acquire the habit of using public transport instead of their cars.
    我们希望人们养成使用公交交通而不是私家车的习惯。
  18. I have recently acquired a taste for olives.
    我最近开始喜欢吃橄榄了。
  19. I've never really acquired a taste for wine.
    我从来没有真正喜欢过酒。
  20. Any drug user who shares a needle is at risk of acquiring AIDS.
    共用针头的吸毒者都有感染艾滋病的风险。
  21. 用于be ~ed结构
  22. The business was acquired from Orion four years ago.
    这铺子是4年前从列昂那儿买来的。
  23. How can such a large quantity of know-ledge be acquired?
    这么大量的知识怎样才能学到呢?
  24. The ability to use a language can be acquired by the act of using the language.
    运用语言的能力,只能通过不断练习才能获得。
  25. The habit is easily acquired but broken up with difficulty.
    此种习惯养成容易,摒弃就困难了。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. His character acquired him a good name.
    他的品格使他得到好名声。
  2. Her manner acquired her universal odium.
    她的举止遭到普遍的非议。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
an acquired taste
  1. 养成的爱好a thing that you do not like much at first but gradually learn to like

    Abstract art is an acquired taste. 要慢慢培养才会欣赏抽象艺术。

    Decaffeinated coffee is an acquired taste. 喝脱去咖啡因的咖啡是慢慢养成的嗜好。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The gun..which he had acquired..at the sacrifice of actual food.

    出自:W. Faulkner
  • They had acquired piety table manners.

    出自:E. Birney

acquire的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 有时后面带双宾语,意为“使……得到……”。

    His character acquired him a good name.
    他的人品使他得到好名声。

v.(动词)
  1. acquire的基本意思是“得到”,可指“购得”“习得; 学到(知识)”“获得(名声,地位或名望)”“患上(疾病); 受到(感染)”等,含有“逐渐具有; 不断积累; 开始学会”等意味。acquire也可指不正当的“获得”。
  2. acquire是及物动词,其宾语多为抽象名词,如用实物则显得做作, acquire也可接双宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. acquire是瞬间动词,其现在完成时的肯定式不可与表示延续时间的状语搭配。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
acquire, achieve, attain, earn, gain, get, obtain, secure, win
这组词的共同意思是“取得; 获得”。其区别是:
1.除secure是正式用词外,其余各词均为一般用词。
2.achieve主要指取得成功、成就或实现预期目的; acquire主要指逐渐获得知识、能力、荣誉等; attain主要指达到重要目标或获得珍贵的东西; earn凭借功劳赚得或获得工资、报酬、荣誉、赞赏等; gain主要指获得或赢得有一定价值的东西; get指以各种方式获得各种所需或不需之物; obtain指获得所需之物或达到预期目的; secure指得到渴望或竞争性的东西; win指在竞争、比赛、争论或战斗中击败对手而赢得胜利或获得人们的爱戴〔好感〕等。
3.achieve指克服困难之后而获得; acquire, attain, earn指通过努力而获得; gain指通过巨大努力而获得; obtain多指通过长期努力而获得,有时也指无须经过努力; 其他各词不强调通过努力与否; get可指通过各种方式获得; earn还指凭借功劳而赚得; win还指通过作出优异成绩而赢得。
4.achieve强调结果; acquire强调量的增加; attain含有达到完美地步的意味; gain强调所获得之物能够造成的优势; obtain强调愿望得到满足; secure强调有把握或成功地获得。
5.get是这组同义词中的最常用词,可指主动争取,也可指被动接受,有时不一定需要很大努力就能获得; acquire指持续,慢慢地获得,强调过程; 而earn, gain都强调经过艰苦努力而获得的这一结果, gain比obtain所付出的努力还要大些; win则指在竞赛中或战斗中赢得或获得胜利,可以通过努力获得,也可以偶然获得。例如:
He did not get what he had earned他未获得他应得到的东西。
The ability to use a language can be acquired by the act of using the language.运用语言的能力,只能通过不断练习才能获得。
She gained rich experience in teaching.她获得了丰富的教学经验。
I've got your telegram.我已经收到了你的电报。
We wished to obtain first-hand information.我们要能得到第一手情报就好了。
Industry won him his success.勤奋使他获得了成功。
6.acquire的宾语多为知识、技能等; earn的宾语多为金钱、荣誉等理应得到的东西; obtain的宾语多为期望已久的东西; gain的宾语多为经验、利益、优势、好处等; 而win的宾语则为比赛、战斗等; get的宾语则比较广泛,即既可以是具体的东西,也可以是抽象的事物。例如:
He got what he had earned.他获得了他应得到的东西。
You must work hard to acquire good knowledge of English.你要用功,以便精通英语。
Our firm has gained a good reputation.我们公司赢得了好名声。
Then I'll go and get you a chair.我去给你拿把椅子来。
At last, he obtained his father's pardon.他终于得到了父亲的原谅。
They won the basketball match.他们打赢了这场篮球赛。
7.这组动词都可跟简单宾语。get, earn, gain, obtain, secure和win可跟双宾语; secure还可跟wh-从句; win还可跟含不定式的复合宾语。此外, gain和win有时还可用作不及物动词。acquire和attain常跟抽象名词。
8.attain常用于庄重场合。win语气比gain强。
acquire obtain gain get win earn secure
这些动词均含“获得、取得、得到”之意。
  • acquire:acquire强调通过不断的、持续的努力而获得某物,也指日积月累地渐渐地获得。书面语用词。
  • obtain:obtain较正式用词,着重通过巨大努力、要求而得到所需或盼望已久的东西。
  • gain:gain侧重指经过努力或有意识行动而取得某种成就或获得某种利益或好处。
  • get:get普通用词,使用广泛,可指以任何方式得到某物,也不一定要经过努力。
  • win:win主要指通过努力、斗争、比赛等而获得胜利。
  • earn:earn侧重指依靠自己的劳动或因付出代价与有功而获得。
  • secure:secure强调要通过努力或竞争,或需要付出代价才能获得所渴望的东西。

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪中期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的acquirere,意为寻别求的。

acquire的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

acquire的相关资料:

正版词典

aquire : (通过努力) ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

派生词

v.(动词)
  • acquirability n. 可得,可获得‖acquirable adj. 可得的,可获得的‖acquired adj. 后天的;获得的

互动百科

  • aquire:acquire vt. 获得, 学到 英英解释:动词acquire:1. come into the possession of something concrete or abstract同义词:g…

临近单词

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