already

  核心词汇  
[ɔːl'redi]     [ɔːl'redi]    
  • adv.已经
new

already是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 已经,已,都,早已,业已
  2. 先前
  3. 本来就
  4. 难道(已经)

双解释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 早已,已经 before now or before a stated or suggested time in the past

英英释义

Adverb:
  1. prior to a specified or implied time;

    "she has already graduated"

already的用法和样例:

例句

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. I've already paid my membership dues.
    我已经交了我的会员费。
  2. The new rules have already come into play.
    新规则已经开始生效。
  3. You had already gone when I arrived there.
    当我到达时,你已经走了。

常见句型

用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. Let us begin now; it is already too late.
    现在咱们开始吧,已经很晚了。
  2. The worst is over already.
    最艰难的时候已经过去了。
  3. This machine is already out of date. It is out of date already.
    这台机器已经过时了,它已经过时了。
  4. I already told you.
    我已经告诉你了。
  5. He already knew what she wanted.
    他早已知道她想要什么。
  6. When I called,Jacelin was already dressed.
    当我打电话时,杰斯林已经穿好衣服了。
  7. He looked for a spectacular end to his already long life.
    他的一生已够长的,他想找个引人注目的方式结束它。
  8. When we arrived, he was already there.
    我们到达时,他已经在那里了。
  9. The reading-room lights were already on.
    阅览室的灯早就亮了。
  10. He was two days late already.
    他已迟了两天了。
  11. They continued working, though it was already near midnight.
    虽然时间已近午夜,他们还在继续工作。
  12. I have already done it.
    我已经做完了。
  13. I have already answered that question.
    我已经回答了那个问题。
  14. I have already got his latest work.
    我已经得到了他的近作。
  15. He has already come back.
    他已经回来了。
  16. It's 5:30 a.m., but he's already worked.
    现在是上午5:30,可是他已经在工作了。
  17. He had already left when I called.
    我打电话去时,他已走了。
  18. He had already eaten more than he wanted.
    他已经吃得太饱了。
  19. The play had already started when we got to the theatre.
    我们到剧院时,戏已经开演了。
  20. He had shaved already before dinner, but now he went over his chin a second time.
    晚饭前他已经刮过脸,现在他再刮一次下巴。
  21. When I came in, she was already laying the table.
    我进来时,她已在摆餐具了。
  22. When she went downstairs, they were already having their breakfast.
    她下楼时,他们已经在吃早饭了。
  23. It was already raining hard when he went out.
    他出去时,雨已经下大了。
  24. I already have enough trouble on my hands.
    我目前的麻烦已经够多了。
  25. Is he back here already?
    他怎么已经回到这儿了?
  26. Is my coat dry already?That's quick!
    我的大衣已经干了?太快了!
  27. Are you going to bed already?It's only eight o'clock.
    你竟然打算去睡觉?现在才8点呀!
  28. Have you found it already?
    (真想不到)你已经找到了?
  29. Have you had breakfast already?
    你已经吃过早餐了?
  30. Have you finished your composition already?You are very speedy.
    你已经写完作文了吧?你动作真快。
  31. Hasn't she sold it already?
    她不是已经把它卖了吗?
  32. You are not leaving us already, are you?
    你这样早就要走了吗?
  33. Don't tell me you've eaten it already!
    别告诉我你已经吃过了。

经典引文

  • The best books..are those that tell you what you know already.

    出自:G. Orwell
  • He didn't even hear what I said: he was absorbed already.

    出自:G. Greene

already的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 参见:all
  2. 用在疑问句中时,常表示惊讶。

    Are you back already?
    你已经回来了吗?

  3. 注意与all ready混淆。

    He is already there.
    他已在那了。

    He is all ready there.
    他在那完全准备好了。

adv.(副词)
  1. already的意思是“较早地”“提前”,可表示“比预想发生的时间早”,也可表示“比可能发生的时间早”,含有“想不到某事竟然已经发生了”或“以为某事会晚一些发生”的意味。
  2. already一般用于肯定句中。与动词搭配时,静态动词多用一般式,动态动词多用完成式。表示与现在时间相比而已经做过的事,即by this time,须用现在完成时; 表示与过去时间相比而已经做过的事,即by that time,用过去完成时或过去进行时。already不用于一般将来时。
  3. already偶尔也可用于疑问式,或者表示惊讶、怀疑,或者表示期望〔预计〕有一个肯定的回答。
  4. already在句中一般位于主要动词前面,系动词或助动词后面。为了强调,可置于句末、句首或助动词之前。
  5. already不用于比较等级。
  6. already有时也用于祈使句,能使语气严肃的祈使句在语气上变得缓和,常用于口语中。例如:Let's start already.那么咱们动身吧!Shut up already.别说了,好不好!

词义辨析

adv.(副词)
already, still
这两个词意思相近,但already指比预想的时间早, still指比预想的时间长。试比较以下两个句子:
  • The coffee is cold already.
  • 咖啡已经凉了。
  • The coffee is still hot.
  • 咖啡还热着。
already, yet
这两个词意思相近,其区别是:
1.already多用于肯定句,而yet多用于疑问句或否定句。例如:
The guests have already arrived.客人已经到了。
Have the guests arrived yet?客人到了吗?
The guests have not arrived yet.客人还没到。
2.already有时也可用于疑问句中表示惊讶、怀疑,或者表示期望〔预计〕有一个肯定的回答。试比较以下两个句子:
  • Have you had your lunch yet?
  • 你吃过午饭了吗?(一般疑问句)
  • Have you had your lunch already?
  • 你已经吃过午饭了?(表示惊讶)
  • Have you received your invitation yet?
  • 你收到邀请信了吗?(一般疑问句)
  • Have you already received your invitation?
  • 你已经收到邀请信了吧?
  • (料想已收到,想证实)
3.yet有时也可用于肯定句中,意思与still相同(仍然,还; 迟早),而与already不同。
already, all ready
这两者读起来音相同,但却绝非一回事。already是副词, ready是形容词; already的意思是“已经”, all ready的意思是“全准备好”, all用以表示程度。试比较:
  • He is already there.
  • 他已经在那儿了。
  • He is all ready there.
  • 他在那儿完全准备好了。
  • The tea is already on the table.
  • 茶已摆在茶几上了。
  • The tea is all ready on the table.
  • 茶已沏好,摆在茶几上了。

常见错误

adv.(副词)
  1. 他已起床。

    He already got up.

    He has already got up.

    already用于一般时态时,其谓语动词必须是持续性动词或状态动词,不可以是终止性动词。

  2. 我14岁生日时就已经知道我一生要干的事。

    Already on my fourteenth birthday I knew what I wanted to do with my life.

    On my fourteenth birthday I already knew what I wanted to do with my life.

    already不可与表示时间的副词(短语)连用,应置于谓语动词knew之前。

already的相关资料:

正版词典

already : 早已,已经 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • already:already adv. 已经…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词