aggravate

  常用词汇  
['æɡrəveɪt]     ['æɡrəveɪt]    
  • vt. 恶化;严重
aggravative aggravatingly aggravator aggravated aggravated aggravating aggravates
new

aggravate的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. <口>惹恼,使恼火,激怒
  2. 使恶化,使加剧,使更为严重
  3. 加重,加剧,进一步恶化
  4. 更加显得迫切需要
  5. 使发炎,刺激
  6. 增大,增加

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 使恶化,使更严重 make worse or more serious
  2. vt. 激怒,使恼火 make angry, especially by continual annoyance

英英释义

Verb:
  1. make worse;

    "This drug aggravates the pain"

  2. exasperate or irritate

aggravate的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Scratching can aggravate the rash.
    搔痒会使疹子发炎。
  2. The Europeans' appeasement policy towards irrational regimes would only aggravate the hidden dangers.
    欧洲国家对非理性政权的绥靖政策,只会让潜在危机恶化。
  3. This will aggravate the current scarcity of natural resources caused by environmental degradation.
    这将会加剧由环境恶化而导致的自然资源匮乏的情况。
  4. The lack of rain aggravated the already serious shortage of food.
    干旱少雨使原本就很严重的粮食短缺问题更加严重。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He aggravates the girl just by looking at her.
    他只是看着那女孩就把她惹恼了。
  2. If he aggravated me any more I shall hit him.
    假如他再激怒我,我就要揍他。
  3. Men aggravate me when they go on about how impractical women are.
    男人们不断地谈论女人是如何不切实际的时候使我恼火。
  4. It's the little things that aggravate you.
    惹你生气的净是些小事吧。
  5. The whispering in class aggravates our teacher.
    课堂上的窃窃私语使我们的老师很恼火。
  6. Grief aggravated her illness.
    悲伤使她的病情恶化。
  7. Pollution can aggravate asthma.
    污染会使气喘加重。
  8. Force will only aggravate the situation.
    使用武力只会使局势更加恶化。
  9. Military intervention will only aggravate the conflict even further.
    军事介入只会加剧冲突。
  10. The lack of rain aggravated the already serious shortage of food.
    干旱少雨使原来就很严重的粮食短缺问题更加严重。
  11. Attempts to restrict parking in the city centre have further aggravated the problem of traffic congestion.
    在城市中心限制停车的尝试使阻塞的问题更加严重。
  12. 1
  13. I went to apologize to her, but somehow she was aggravated.
    我去向她道歉,却莫名其妙地激怒了她。
  14. Her bad temper was aggravated by her headache.
    头痛使她的脾气更坏。
  15. His headache was aggravated by all the noise.
    他因为这些噪音而头痛加剧。
  16. Their debt problem was further aggravated by the rise in interest rates.
    他们的债务问题因利率的提高而进一步恶化了。
  17. The situation will be aggravated if soldiers are brought into the city.
    如果士兵进入城市,形势将恶化。
  18. The country's food problems were aggravated by the hot dry weather.
    干旱使该国的粮食问题更严重。
  19. The desperate situation of the defending forces was aggravated when the enemy reinforcements arrived.
    敌人的增援部队到达后,防守部队的处境更加险恶了。
其他
  1. It's extremely aggravating that I've got to work this weekend, so I can't go to the football match.
    极其令人恼火的是,这个周末我得去上班,这样我就不能去看足球比赛了。
  2. There are different forms of aggravated assault.
    严重的人身侵犯有各种不同形式。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

aggravate的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. aggravate的基本意思是“使恶化,使更严重”,一般指使疾病、情况、罪过等恶化、加重、加剧,也可作“激怒,使恼火”解。
  2. aggravate是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
aggravate, heighten, intensify
  • 这组词都可表示“加剧”。其区别是:
  • intensify指深化或加强事物的本质特征; aggravate指加剧令人不快或困难的形势; heighten指使某物的某种性质变得不同一般地显著或突出。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1520左右进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的aggravatus,意为加重,加剧。
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