active

  基本词汇  
['æktɪv]     ['æktɪv]    
  • adj.活跃的;积极的;起作用的;灵活的
actively activeness
new

active是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 活跃的,积极的,活泼的,充满活力的
  2. 有效的, 起作用的
  3. 现行的,现役的
  4. 在活动中的,在进展中的
  5. 勤奋的
  6. 【文】主动(语态)的
  7. 忙碌的
  8. 定期进行的
  9. 活动的,能动的
  10. 敏捷的,灵敏的
n.(名词)
  1. 积极分子
  2. 【文】主动语态
  3. 积极是英国制造的护卫舰

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 活泼的,活跃的; 积极的 doing things; energetic
  2. 起作用的 able to produce the typical effects or act in the typical way
  3. 主动的 having the person or thing doing the action as the subject

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
active : 动 ...
active : 活动的;活 ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...
active : 积极的, 能 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. chemical agent capable of activity

  2. the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb;

    "`The boy threw the ball' uses the active voice"

  3. a person who is a participating member of an organization;

    "the club issues a list of members, both the actives and the retirees"

Adjective:
  1. tending to become more severe or wider in scope;

    "active tuberculosis"

  2. engaged in or ready for military or naval operations;

    "on active duty"
    "the platoon is combat-ready"
    "review the fighting forces"

  3. disposed to take action or effectuate change;

    "a director who takes an active interest in corporate operations"
    "an active antagonism"
    "he was active in drawing attention to their grievances"

  4. taking part in an activity;

    "an active member of the club"
    "he was politically active"
    "the participating organizations"

  5. characterized by energetic activity;

    "an active toddler"
    "active as a gazelle"
    "an active man is a man of action"

  6. exerting influence or producing a change or effect;

    "an active ingredient"

  7. full of activity or engaged in continuous activity;

    "an active seaport"
    "an active bond market"
    "an active account"

  8. in operation;

    "keep hope alive"
    "the tradition was still alive"
    "an active tradition"

  9. (of the sun) characterized by an increased occurrence of sunspots and flares and radio emissions

  10. expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor:

    "Hemingway favors active constructions"

  11. (used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water')) expressing action rather than a state of being

  12. (of e.g. volcanos) capable of erupting

  13. (of e.g. volcanos) erupting or liable to erupt;

    "active volcanos"

  14. engaged in full-time work;

    "active duty"
    "though past retirement age he is still active in his profession"

active的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Ms. Brown is active in the party.
    布朗女士在晚会上很活跃。
  2. He is an active member of the school's stamp club.
    他是学校集邮俱乐部的一名活跃会员。
  3. She was active as a left-winger in the party.
    她是党内积极的左翼分子。
  4. We should take active part in extracurricular activities.
    我们应该积极参加课外活动。
  5. Vesuvius is an active volcano.
    维苏威山是一座活火山。
  6. She has an active imagination.
    她有灵活的想象力。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. She is an active girl.
    她是一位活泼的姑娘。
  2. The cat is an active animal.
    猫是行动敏捷的动物。
  3. He is the most active student in our class.
    他是我们班最活跃的学生。
  4. This old man has an active brain.
    这位老人头脑灵敏。
  5. Mount Vesuvius is an active volcano.
    维苏威火山是座活火山。
  6. These young people have active minds.
    这些青年的思想很活跃。
  7. She has an active imagination.
    她有活跃的想象力。
  8. His brother is a soldier in active service.
    他哥哥是现役军人。
  9. He has an active influence over the community.
    他对这个社团有很强的影响力。
  10. It was unanimously agreed that some active measures be taken to improve the situation.
    大家一致同意采取积极措施来改善局势。
  11. This sentence is in the active voice.
    这个句子是主动语态。
  12. Joe Hill took an active part in the worker's struggles for better pay and better conditions.
    乔·希尔积极参加为改善待遇和工作条件而进行的工人斗争。
  13. The retired engineer takes an active part in neighbourhood affairs.
    这位退休工程师积极参加街道活动。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Their children are well-fed, active and healthy.
    他们的孩子都喂养得很好,活泼而又健康。
  2. He may be old, but he is more active than some young men.
    他年龄可能是大了些,但比某些年轻人积极。
  3. He's over 90 and not very active.
    他九十多岁,不大活动了。
  4. Old people cannot be so active as young people.
    老年人不像年轻人那么活跃。
  5. They are rare women who become active instead of apathetic as they grow older.
    她们是愈老愈活跃、十分罕见的妇女。
  6. Although he is over 70, he is still active.
    虽然他已年过七旬,却仍然精力充沛。
  7. In “I study English” the verb is active.
    在I study English一句中动词为主动语态形式。
S+be+~+about n./pron.
  1. I heard that he was active about some business .
    我听说他对某一生意非常热心。
  2. The mayor's wife is active about public welfare.
    市长的妻子积极从事社会福利工作。
S+be+~+as n./pron.
  1. He has been active as a television writer and journalist.
    作为一个电视撰稿人和记者,他一直很活跃。
S+be+~+for n./pron.
  1. He is ardently active for the object.
    他执著地追求那一目标。
  2. They were active for the cause of environmental protection.
    他们积极致力于环保事业。
S+be+~+in n./pron./v -ing
  1. I am as active as you in physical training.
    我和你一样积极参加体育锻炼。
  2. She's active in the work of the Trade Union .
    她做工会工作很积极。
  3. As a young man, he was active in politics in his spare time.
    他年轻时,业余时间里积极参加政治活动。
  4. He is active in sports.
    他在体育运动中很活跃。
  5. He is active in work.
    他工作积极。
  6. The boy is active in imagination.
    那男孩富于想象。
  7. What you said probably explains why you haven't been as active as some of the others in the discussion.
    你说的话很能说明你为什么在讨论时一直没有其他人积极。
  8. She is active in doing good to mankind.
    她热心于为人类做好事。
  9. From the start, he was active in drawing public attention to that political issue.
    他从一开始就积极地使公众注意那个政治问题。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. Seeing him so active was a great encouragement.
    看到他如此活跃真是一件令人鼓舞的事情。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The most active fellow in Europe.

    出自:2 Henry IV,Shakespeare
  • Sunday was..the most active day of the week.

    出自:Day Lewis

active的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. active是由act派生的形容词,基本意思是“活泼的,活跃的,积极的”,可指人(尤指小孩或年轻人)活泼,活跃,也可指人积极地从事某项活动,引申可表示人的头脑灵活,做事情有效率,还可以表示“在活动中的”“在起作用的”“现行的”“现役的”。
  2. active在语法术语中可表示动词的主动形式。
  3. active在句中主要用作定语,可修饰的范围很广,可以是人,也可以是物; 可以是具体名词,也可以是抽象名词。active在句中还可用作表语,偶尔也可用作宾语补足语。
  4. active作“起作用的”“主动的”解时,无比较级和最高级; 作其他意思解时,比较级和最高级是more active和most active。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
active, busy, diligent
这三个词意思比较接近,但含义不同:active侧重主动、活跃; busy侧重忙碌,没有时间; diligent侧重勤勉、用功。另外, active和diligent后多接in,而busy后多接with。
active, positive
这两个词都可译为“积极的”,其区别在于侧重点不同:active强调主观因素的作用; 而positive强调客观效果或影响。例如:
It is important to bring all the positive factors into full play in the building of socialism.在社会主义建设事业中调动一切积极因素是很重要的。
For this project,I hope that everyone will make positive suggestions.对这项工程,希望大家提出积极建议。
active energetic vigorous brisk lively
这些形容词均有“积极的,活跃的”之意。
  • active:active指有活动能力,强调与消极或休止相反的积极活动状态。
  • energetic:energetic指精力充沛、奋力从事某事业。
  • vigorous:vigorous指不仅表现积极、有生气,而且固有精力和活力十分旺盛。
  • brisk:brisk指动作敏捷、充满活力、轻快活泼地从事某项工作或活动。
  • lively:lively侧重指轻快,机智,有生气。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪中期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的activus,意为从事世间的活动。

active的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

active的相关资料:

正版词典

active : 活 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
active : 积极的,有 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

派生词

adj.(形容词)
  • actively adv. 积极地;主动地

缩略词

active的相关缩略词,共有5

互动百科

  • active:active adj. 积极的, 能起作用的, 现行的, [语法]主动的, 活动的, 活跃的, 活性的n. [语法] 主动语态, 积极分子 英英解释:名词active:1. chemical agen…

临近单词

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