action

  基本词汇  
['ækʃn]     ['ækʃn]    
  • n.行为;活动;措施;效用;交战;情节;事件;姿态;起诉;机能
new

action是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 行动,行动过程
  2. 积极的活动
  3. 行为,举止,日常表现
  4. 作用,功能
  5. 动作,姿势,步态
  6. 活动部件,机械装置
  7. 情节,剧情细节,情节发展,细节组合
  8. 战斗,作战
  9. 诉讼,诉讼权,决定
  10. (图画、雕塑等的)动态
  11. 行情,商情
  12. <口>赌注,赌博
  13. <美俚>性交
  14. 劳工行动
v.(动词)
  1. 起诉,对...提起诉讼
  2. 采取适当行动,对...进行处理

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U]行动; 行为过程 the process of doing sth in order to make sth happen or to deal with a situation
  2. [C]所做之事; 行为 a thing that sb does; sth done
  3. [U]〈非正〉激动人心的事 exciting events; all the exciting or important events that happen in a particular situation or place
  4. [U](故事,戏剧等中的)情节 the events in a story, play, etc.
  5. [U][C]战斗; 作战 fighting in a battle a war
  6. [U](一种物质或化学品对另一种所起的)作用 the effect that one substance or chemical has on another
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 采取行动; 采取措施 take appropriate steps to make sure that sth is done or dealt with

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
action : 作用;作用 ...
在 《外教社物理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
action : 开拍 ...
action : 行动 ...
在 《外教社人力资源英语词典》 中查看更多...
action : 姿势 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...
action : 动作 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. something done (usually as opposed to something said);

    "there were stories of murders and other unnatural actions"

  2. the state of being active;

    "his sphere of activity"
    "he is out of action"

  3. a military engagement;

    "he saw action in Korea"

  4. a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings);

    "the action of natural forces"
    "volcanic activity"

  5. the series of events that form a plot;

    "his novels always have a lot of action"

  6. the trait of being active and energetic and forceful;

    "a man of action"

  7. the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism;

    "the piano had a very stiff action"

  8. a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another; one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong

  9. an act by a government body or supranational organization;

    "recent federal action undermined the segregationist position"
    "the United Nations must have the power to propose and organize action without being hobbled by irrelevant issues"
    "the Union action of emancipating Southern slaves"

  10. the most important or interesting work or activity in a specific area or field;

    "the action is no longer in technology stocks but in municipal bonds"
    "gawkers always try to get as close to the action as possible"

Verb:
  1. institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against;

    "He was warned that the district attorney would process him"
    "She actioned the company for discrimination"

  2. put in effect;

    "carry out a task"
    "execute the decision of the people"
    "He actioned the operation"

action的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. After the security incident, you should create an action report that includes three simple goals.
    这次安全事故后,你要撰写一个包括三个简单目标的活动报告。
  2. The government finally took some actions because the public had been pressing for inquiry into the question.
    由于公众一再坚持调查这一问题,政府终于采取了一些措施。
  3. The medicine will not take action until two hours later.
    这药在两小时後才会起作用。
  4. The action lasted three hours and caused great casualties.
    战斗持续了三个小时,造成了大量人员伤亡。
  5. In Scene 1, the action takes place in an expensive restaurant.
    在第一个场景中,故事情节在一家昂贵的餐厅展开。
  6. The action took place in a seaside village.
    这个故事发生在海边的一个渔村里。
  7. She had a fine action while dancing ballet.
    她跳芭蕾舞的时候姿态非常优美。
  8. Finally she had to file an action for divorce.
    最后她只好提出离婚诉讼。
  9. The action of your heart is perfect.
    你心脏的机能非常好。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Actions speak louder than words.
    事实胜于雄辩。
  2. The action of picking the baby up had made her back ache.
    抱起婴儿的动作使她背痛。
  3. His prompt action prevented an accident.
    他的迅速行动避免了事故发生。
  4. His actions suggest that he is a fool.
    他的行为表明他是个傻瓜。
  5. His swimming action is fine.
    他的游泳姿势优美。
  6. Action to prevent the spread of the disease is high on the government's agenda.
    防止疾病蔓延的行动在政府议程中是首要的。
  7. All actions are based on judgements.
    所有的行为都以判断为基础。
  8. His actions since that morning have been eccentric and unpredictable.
    自从那天早晨,他的行动一直是反常而不可捉摸。
  9. The action is set in Japan.
    事情发生在日本。
  10. The action took place in Switzerland.
    事情发生在瑞士。
  11. All the action in The Ghost Train takes place at one station. 《
    幽灵列车》的全部剧情发生在一个车站。
  12. The main action of her latest novel takes place in medieval Spain.
    她最近一部小说的主要情节发生在中世纪的西班牙。
  13. The action drags.
    故事的情节拖沓。
  14. The action moves between bloody battle scenes and the domestic life of the families who are left behind.
    情节在前线的血战场面与后方的家庭生活之间交替展开。
  15. The action picks up in the third act.
    故事情节从第三幕开始有起色。
  16. The action lasted two hours.
    战斗持续了两小时。
  17. The action of the crank turns the wheel.
    这根曲轴的作用是使轮子转动。
  18. The pumping action of the machine needs repairing.
    机器的抽水部件需要修理。
  19. It has a very smooth action.
    这台机器运转十分平稳。
  20. The car has a very smooth braking action.
    这汽车的制动很平稳。
  21. His films have a lot of action and not much dialogue.
    他的影片中有许多精彩动作,没有多少对话。
  22. It needs a lot of wrist action.
    那需要大量的腕部运动。
  23. It only needs a small wrist action to start the process.
    只需动一动手腕就可以启动整个程序。
  24. The plan required careful action.
    此计划要谨慎行动。
  25. The Prime Minister defended her action.
    首相为她的行动进行辩护。
  26. What motivated my action,I can't tell.
    促使我行动的动机是什么,我说不出。
  27. Why don't you reconsider your action?
    你为什么不重新考虑你的行动?
  28. This problem calls for swift action from the government.
    这一问题需要政府迅速行动。
  29. The committee was spurred into action by the threat of government cuts.
    政府削减经费的威胁促使这个委员会采取了行动。
  30. The complaints system swings into action as soon as a claim is made.
    一有人投诉,投诉机构马上开始运作。
  31. Most people condemned his high-handed action.
    大多数人谴责他的高压手段。
  32. She was unable to justify her action in leaving the documents in her car.
    她无法解释自己将文件留在汽车中的举动。
  33. He defended his original action in sacking Mr. Rookes.
    他为他最初解雇鲁克斯先生的行为辩护。
  34. I'll say the words and you can mime the actions.
    我念台词,你可以模仿动作。
  35. The troops fought a delaying action.
    部队进行了阻击战。
  36. The marines went into action before dawn.
    海军陆战队在黎明前投入战斗。
  37. They went into action against superior forces.
    他们跟兵力占优势的敌军作战。
  38. We broke off the action because our ammunition was running low.
    我们停止了战斗,因为弹药快用尽了。
  39. Oxygen will exert a chemical action on metals.
    氧会对金属产生化学作用。
  40. These plastics can resist the action of acids.
    这些塑料不受酸的腐蚀。
  41. They recorded the action of the drug on the nervous system.
    他们记录了药物对神经系统的作用。
  42. We studied the action of the digestive system.
    我们学习了消化系统的作用。
  43. The court decided the action in favour of the defendant.
    法庭判被告胜诉。
  44. The judge dismissed the action.
    法官驳回起诉。
  45. Their every action and expression was recorded.
    他们的每一个动作和表情都被录了下来。
  46. I judged by actions, not merely by words.
    我根据行动,而不是只根据语言进行判断。
  47. I can tell by his actions that he is unhappy.
    我从他的举止可看出他是不快乐的。
  48. You must judge a person by his actions, not by what he says.
    你判断人应根据其行动,不应根据他所说的话。
  49. Photographs are made possible by the action of light on paper.
    照片是由光线对底片发生作用而形成的。
  50. Photographs are produced by the action of light on film.
    光对底片发生作用从而产生照片。
  51. Some washing powders break down proteins by chemical action.
    有些洗衣粉能通过化学作用分解蛋白质。
  52. The time has come for action.
    行动的时刻到了。
  53. He was sorry for his actions.
    他为自己的行为感到懊悔。
  54. My mother punished me for my rude actions.
    我的母亲因我行为粗野而处罚了我。
  55. He could not be held responsible for his action.
    不能认为他该对自己的行为负有责任。
  56. She is impulsive in her actions.
    她的行为常出于冲动。
  57. It will restrict our freedom of action.
    那将限制我们的行动自由。
  58. He's a man of action, not words.
    他是一个实干家,而不是空谈家。
  59. You must accept the bad results of your actions.
    你必须承担你的行为的恶果。
  60. They felt they should be near the centre of the action.
    他们觉得他们应该接近重要活动的中心场所。
  61. The war consisted largely of limited actions.
    那些战争大都是些局部冲突。
  62. The book was halted in South Africa by a threat of legal action.
    这本书由于受到诉讼的威胁而在南非搁置。
  63. He had decided upon immediate action.
    他决定立刻行动。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
    用于be ~ed结构
  1. Your request will be actioned.
    你的要求会处理的。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
a piece〔slice〕 of the action
  1. (为获得利益)参与某事involvement in some enterprise, especially in order to get a share of the profits

    Do you what a piece of the action? 你想分一份吗?

    She's only putting money into this scheme if she get a slice of the action. 她若能分得一杯羹,才肯出钱参与这一计划。

bring an action (against sb)
  1. 起诉(某人) start a legal process against sb

    He brought an action against her. 他起诉她了。

    He brought legal action against his neighbour. 他起诉他的邻居。

    She brought an action against the hospital. 她控告医院。

    He brought an action against the union officials. 他对工会官员提起诉讼。

    A criminal action was brought against him. 他被起诉犯有刑事罪。

in action
  1. 在运转,在操作 in operation or engaging in a typical activity

    Is your machine still in action? 你的机器还在运转吗?

    How long before we can see that new ski lifts in action? 我们多久才能看见新的滑雪索道开始运行?

    He wanted to go there and see the system in action. 他想到那里去看看该系统运转的情形。

  2. 战斗 fighting in a battle or war

    Many were killed in action. 许多人在战斗中阵亡。

    Her younger son was killed in action. 她的小儿子死于战斗中。

    He was reported missing in action. 据报道他在战斗中失踪。

    Henry's brother was killed in action in Germany. 亨利的兄弟在德国作战时阵亡。

  3. 正在做擅长的事; 正在做训练的事doing what you are good at or what you are trained to do

    It's interesting to watch a good salesman in action. 看一个出色的推销员卖东西是很有趣的。

    He is a very good tennis player; you ought to see him in action. 他是个出色的网球手,你该看看他打球。

into action
  1. 付诸实施into operation or a typical activity

    Mum quickly went into action in the kitchen. 妈妈立刻在厨房里忙开了。

    The rules will be brought into action tomorrow. 章程从明天开始生效。

out of action
  1. 不再运转,失去效用 no longer able to operate or function; not working

    I'm out of action with a sore back. 我因背痛而不能工作。

    I was out of action with a sprained ankle. 我的脚踝扭伤了,不能行动。

    His injury means he will be out of action for six weeks. 受伤意味着他有六周不能正常工作。

    Do you know how long the printer will be out of action? 你知道打印机有多长时间不能用吗?

    The swimming pool is currently out of action. 游泳池眼下无法使用。

    All three tanks were very quickly put out of action. 三辆坦克很快就全部报销了。

    Her broken wrist will put her out of action for at least a month. 她断了的手腕将让她至少一个月活动不便。

    The storm put the telephones out of action. 暴风雨使电话中断。

put sth into action
  1. 把某事物付诸实施 start using sth such as a plan or idea

    It's time to put our plan into action. 是将我们的计划付诸行动的时候了。

    Things will be easier when we put the new system into action. 等新方法开始施行时,事情就会变得容易。

    He was capable not only of putting ideas forward, but also of putting them into action. 他不但能提出许多主意,而且能付诸实施。

    Our plans aren't quite ready to be put into action. 我们的计划还没准备好要付诸实施。

see action
  1. 参加战斗 take part in military fighting

    He'd seen a lot of action. 他曾身经百战。

    He saw action in Africa. 他在非洲打过仗。

    He saw action in the trenches. 他在战壕里战斗。

take action
  1. 采取行动,行动起来do sth in response to what has happened

    I had to take evasive action. 我不得不采取规避行动。

    The police had to take firm action to deal with the riots. 警方不得不采取果断行动来对付骚乱。

    We must take action to deal with the problem before it spreads to other areas. 我们必须采取行动,在问题扩展到其他地区之前将其解决。

    The government was already taking action to stop the strike. 政府已开始采取行动阻止罢工。

where the action is
  1. 〈美·非正〉热闹〔享乐,有利可图等〕的地方any place where life is thought to be busy, enjoyable, profitable, etc.

    A good journalist always manages to be where the action is. 好的新闻记者总是想办法亲临现场。

    He wants to live in London because he thinks that's where the action is. 他想住在伦敦,因为他认为那里是个热闹的地方。

    I want to be where the action is! 我好想去一个有意思的地方!

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The corrosive action of copperas.

    出自:Joyce
  • Trust the man who hesitates in his speech and is quick and steady in action.

    出自:G. Santayana

action的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 参见:act
  2. action与act区别:action常指持续,复杂的动作,而act则是短暂,简单的动作。如有人倒在地上,扶他起来,是act,若不但扶他起来,还帮他叫车,送他到家,那是action
  3. act of cruelty,act of folly,act of kindness等后面都是接of和抽象名词,只可用act,不可用action
  4. cruel act(ion),foolish act(ion),kind act(ion)等前面用形容词修饰时,同act相比较,更习惯于用action
  5. action和act都表示“行为”,但是前者比后者抽象,而后者比前者具体。在in word and act中,word与act都是具体的,而在in speech and action中,speech和action都是抽象的。
n.(名词)
  1. action的基本意思是“行动,活动”,指某一次行动的方式或过程,尤指为制止坏的局面发展或继续的行动、对他人来说是错误或不寻常的举止行为、激动人心的或重要的活动,往往占较长的时间,包括不同步骤或许多动作,其主语常为物,而不是人。action也可指进行中的“行为”,还可指故事、戏剧或电影的“情节”,药物或化学品等的“作用; 效果”,“战斗; 作战”等。
  2. action用作可数名词时,多用于复数形式。action的复数形式在泛指人的“行为”时,常与words相对应。
  3. action在表示戏剧或书中所发生的主要事件时,常用其单数形式,其前加定冠词the。
  4. action在有修饰语时可加不定冠词,但在take action中,即使有形容词修饰,也不加不定冠词。
v.(动词)
  1. action偶尔可用作动词,指“采取行动”或“采取措施”,含所采取的行动或措施是“适当的”意味。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
action, act, deed, operation
这组词的共同意思是“行为”。其区别是:
1.act和action常可替换,但act多指短暂的、单一的、个人的、具体的行为,强调后果; 而action多指时间较长、过程较复杂的持续动作或行为,有时也指抽象的行动,强调过程。deed指比较复杂或业已完成的行为,多指伟大的、感人的行为; operation常指几个工作的组合。
2.act和deed是可数名词; action常用作可数名词,有时用作不可数名词; operation可用作可数名词或不可数名词。
3.act和operation是一般用词; action是较正式用词; deed是正式用词。
action, agency, function
这组词均可表示“作用”,其区别是:
1.action和agency指一物〔事〕对另一物〔事〕的作用; 而function指物体自身的作用。
2.action常从结果的角度着眼,而agency常从原因的角度着眼。
3.action和function是可数名词; 而agency是不可数名词,常用于短语by〔through〕 the agency of。
4.action是一般用词; agency和function是正式用词。
act action deed operation performance
这些名词均含“行为、行动”之意。
  • act:act一般指具体的、短暂的或个别的行为,强调行为的完成及其效果。
  • action:action普通用词,着重行动的过程。
  • deed:deed较庄重用词,除泛指各种行为外,还可用于指某种高尚或伟大的行为,故常译作“功绩,业绩”。
  • operation:operation多指一连串行动或行为的完成方式。
  • performance:performance主要指行动的方式方法。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:she stole the money and was immediately sorry for her action of dishonesty.

    纠正:she stole the money and was immediately sorry for her act of dishonesty.

    翻译:她在偷了钱之后马上为自己的不真诚的行为感到歉意。

    分析:action和act都表示“行为”时,action多用于抽象的动作,这里偷钱包比较具体,故用act。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪中期进入英语,直接源自古法语的action;最初源自拉丁语的actionem,意为战斗。

action的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

action的相关资料:

正版词典

action : 行动,动作 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
action : 行动, 行 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
action : 行为之过程 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

派生词

v.(动词)
  • actionable adj. 随时准备行动的‖actioner n. 〈口〉动作(影)片

缩略词

action的相关缩略词,共有17

互动百科

  • action:action n. 动作, 作用, 战斗, 行动, 举动, 行为, (戏剧或书中)的情节, (某一地区、领域或团体中)最能产生效果、最有趣、最有刺激性的活动vt. 对...起诉习惯用语be in ac…

临近单词

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