aches

  核心词汇  
[eɪk]     [eɪk]    
  • n.痛;隐痛
  • vi.渴望;痛
ached ached aching aches
new

ache是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 疼痛
  2. 惆怅
  3. 乙酰胆碱脂酶
  4. 隐痛
  5. 渴望
  6. 想念
v.(动词)
  1. 疼痛
  2. 感到痛苦
  3. 渴望
  4. 怀想
  5. 巴望
  6. 迫切
  7. 哀痛
  8. 沉痛
  9. 发酸
  10. 发痠
  11. <口>极为想念
  12. 同情
  13. 怜悯
  14. 隐痛
  15. 感觉疼痛
  16. 思慕

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vi. 隐隐作痛 have or suffer a continuous, but not violent, pain
  2. vi. 渴望 long for; want very much to do or have sth, especially when it is impossible
n.(名词)
  1. [U][C]疼痛 a continuous, but not violent, pain
  2. [U][C]渴望 (mainly literary) a strong feeling that you want sth that you cannot have

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
aches : 痛, 疼痛, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
aches : 疼痛 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a dull persistent (usually moderately intense) pain

Verb:
  1. feel physical pain;

    "Were you hurting after the accident?"

  2. have a desire for something or someone who is not present;

    "She ached for a cigarette"
    "I am pining for my lover"

  3. be the source of pain

ache的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. There was a little ache in her fancy of all he described.
    她想象着他所描绘的一切,心里不禁有些刺痛。
  2. You'll make your back ache if you carry those heavy buckets.
    如果你背那些沉重的桶,你的背会痛的。
  3. He felt a dull ache in his shoulder.
    他感到肩膀隐隐作痛。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. Even though women may ache for love, they carry around an inner evaluator who asks, Can I count on this man?
    即使女人渴望爱情,她们也会在内心自问:“我能信赖这个男人吗?
  2. That vague sweetness made my heart ache with longing and it seemed to me that it was the eager breath of the summer seeking for its completion.
    那暧昧的芬芳击中了我心底的渴望,仿佛乞求完满的炎夏炙热的呼吸。
  3. The universal stare made the eyes ache.
    这种普遍的耀眼色彩令人眼睛发痛。
  4. My tennis elbow began to ache again.
    我打网球的手肘又开始痛了。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Philip's head began to ache.
    菲利普的头开始痛起来。
  2. All his limbs ached and he shivered with cold.
    他四肢隐隐作痛,冷得发抖。
  3. My leg's aching.(=My leg aches.)
    我腿疼。
  4. My head aches badly.
    我头痛得厉害。
  5. After climbing the mountain,I ached all over .
    爬山以后,我感觉周身疼痛。
  6. His tooth ached all night.
    他的牙疼了一整夜。
  7. She ached at the very thought of what might happen to her husband.
    她一想到丈夫可能遭遇什么事儿,就感到忧心忡忡的。
  8. Her eyes ached from lack of sleep.
    她的眼睛因睡眠不足而隐隐作痛。
  9. His muscles ached from chopping wood.
    他的肌肉由于劈柴而隐隐作痛。
  10. My whole body was aching with weariness.
    我累得周身疼痛。
  11. Her legs began to ache with cold.
    她的腿冻得疼起来。
  12. My head aches when the weather is hot.
    天一热我就头疼。
S+~+to- v
  1. At that time how we ached to be free!
    那时我们多么渴望自由啊!
  2. Tom's heart ached to be free.
    汤姆一心渴望自由。
  3. He is aching to get even.
    他急于进行报复。
  4. She was aching to go.
    她眼巴巴盼望着能去。
  5. She is aching to join in the game.
    她渴望参加比赛。
  6. Who or what is he?Eby ached to know.
    伊比急于想知道他是谁?
  7. Aching to see you again!
    特别希望再见到你。
  8. I was aching to tell you all my news.
    我巴不得把我听到的所有消息告诉你。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The ache in my head abated.
    我的头疼减轻了。
  2. The ache is gone.
    疼痛消失了。
  3. Muscular aches follow hard exercise.
    剧烈运动之后肌肉会疼痛。
  4. My stomach ache developed.
    我的肚子疼得更厉害了。
  5. “Where is the ache?” asked the doctor.
    “哪儿疼?”医生问。
  6. A heartache is almost more than he could stand.
    他心口疼得几乎忍不住了。
  7. A toothache can get you down.
    牙疼真折腾人。
  8. I've had stomach ache all morning.
    整个早上我胃痛。
  9. The ointment will relieve the ache.
    这个药膏会减轻疼痛。
  10. It seemed almost impossible to stand the ache and the smart without crying.
    要想忍住剧痛不哭几乎是不可能的。
  11. The doctor gave me some medicine to ease my headache.
    医生给了我点药以减轻我的头痛。
  12. He gets a headache when the weather is hot.
    天一热他就头疼。
  13. I seldom get headaches.
    我很少头痛。
  14. I have got toothache, so I must go to a dentist.
    我牙疼,必须去看牙医。
  15. Too much chocolate will give you a toothache.
    吃太多的巧克力会使你牙痛。
  16. I don't like them to know I had a headache.
    我不愿意让他们知道我头痛。
  17. I was confined to my bed by a headache.
    我被头痛困在床上。
  18. What is the best cure for a headache?
    治疗头痛最好的方法是什么?
  19. She often suffered from stomachaches.
    她经常胃痛。
  20. She laboured under a severe headache.
    她为头痛所苦。
  21. I am troubled with a headache.
    我正受头疼的困扰。
~+ prep. -phrase
  1. I felt a brief intense ache of happiness.
    我油然生出一阵对幸福的强烈渴望。
  2. She felt a dull ache in her shoulder.
    她感到肩胛隐隐作痛。
  3. He was so frightened that he forgot the aches in his legs.
    他吓得连腿疼都忘了。
  4. I have an ache in my stomach.
    我胃痛。
  5. I've got a dull ache in my lower back.
    我的腰有些隐痛。
  6. The medicine has soothed the ache in my tooth.
    这药缓解了我的牙疼。
  7. There was a dull ache in his bones as he sat in the unheated room.
    他坐在没有暖气的房间里,骨头酸痛起来。
  8. There were aches in her bones.
    她的身子骨痛。
  9. There was an ache in his heart like the farewell to a dear woman.
    他心中就像与情人永别那样痛苦。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
ache for (v.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 ache for极少用于被动结构。
  2. 同情,怜悯 feel sympathy or pity ache for sb

    Her heart aches for the homeless children.她同情那些无家可归的孩子。

    Her heart ached for the starving refugees.她从心里怜悯这些忍饥挨饿的难民们。

    My heart aches for you.我很心疼你。

    She ached for the hurt little dog.她心疼那只受伤的小狗。

    The workers' hearts ached for him and they begged him to wear gloves to prevent any more gashes.工人们都心疼他,劝他干活时戴上手套以免划伤。

  3. 渴望,想念 long for ache for sb/sth

    All of us are aching for him.我们大家都在想念他。

    He is aching for his mother.他想念他的妈妈。

    Her heart aches for her husband.她的心里思念着她的丈夫。

    Gara was aching for a cigarette.加拉渴望能抽支烟。

    All winter Imes has been aching for sunshine.整个冬季艾姆斯都在盼望着晴朗的天气。

    I was aching for home.我很想回家。

    The lonely girl aches for home.那个孤寂的姑娘渴望有个家。

    The children ached for a sight of the parade.孩子们渴望看到游行。

    We ached for his friendship.我们渴望他的友谊。

    His heart aches for her love.他渴望得到她的爱。

My heart aches for you!
  1. 太可怜了!My heart bleeds for you!

    You've only got a twenty per cent pay increase?My heart aches for you! 你的薪水仅增加了20%?太可怜了!

用作名词 (n.)
aches and pains
  1. 全身疼痛 pains all over sb's body

    Muscular aches and pains can be soothed by a relaxing massage. 做放松按摩可以减轻肌肉疼痛。

    As you get older, you have all sorts of aches and pains. 人老了,你就会有各种各样的病痛。

    She had aches and pains all over after the four-day trip. 四天的旅行后她感到浑身上下十分疼痛。

    He suffers from aches and pains. 他感到疼痛难忍。

    He told me about all his aches and pains. 他把他的大小疼痛都告诉了我。

    My body was all aches and pains. 我全身疼痛。

    Take no notice of him complaining — he's always full of little aches and pains. 不要听他诉苦——他总是小毛病不断。

    My old grandfather was always com- plaining of his aches and pains. 我的老祖父老是说他身上这儿痛那儿痛的。

    I wish she would be a bit more cheerful; she is always complaining of her aches and pains. 我希望她会愉快一点,她总是这儿疼、那儿痛地嘀咕个没完没了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Does not your heart ake for your Harriet?

    出自:S. Richardson
  • I ached to see that race.

    出自:Sherwood Anderson
  • The joints in his knees ached.

    出自:T. Sharpe

ache的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 表示持续的疼痛,而不是短暂的疼痛时,an ache,acheaches的表达方式均可用;
  2. She ached all down her back和Her whole back ached均为正确表达方式。
v.(动词)
  1. ache是不及物动词,表示身体某部位持续地隐痛,或因一些小病或失调引起的感觉。其主语可以是痛的部位,也可以是感到疼痛的人。
  2. ache可用于比喻义,意思是“悲痛”“苦恼”。
  3. ache与for连用或接动词不定式时,可表示“同情,怜悯”或强烈地、持久地“愿望”或“渴望”,特别是不可能做某事或拥有某物时。ache后一般不接动名词。
  4. ache作为表示感觉的动词可以用于进行时态,意思上与一般时态无明显区别。
n.(名词)
  1. ache表示的是由于某种潜在的失调而引起的持续的、局限的、固定的、轻微的隐痛、钝痛、酸痛或闷痛。偶尔引申表示某种不大可能立刻缓和而不得不长期忍受的精神痛苦。
  2. ache除用于文学上的表达外,一般很少单独使用。表示身体某部位疼痛,可以用“表示身体部位的名词+ache”构成复合词,也可以在ache后面接“in+表示身体部位的名词”构成介词短语。前者比后者更强调疼痛的感觉; 后者比前者更强调疼痛的部位。
  3. ache 后接疼痛的部位时,一般要用不定冠词,如:an ache in the ear, an ache in a tooth, an ache in one's head。其他情况用不定冠词时较多,如:I didn't like them to know I had a heartache。
  4. aches and pains 的词序是固定的,不能前后颠倒。
  5. ache常构成复合词。如backache(后背疼), bellyache(胃疼), boneache(骨头疼), earache(耳朵疼), face-ache(面部神经痛), headache(头疼), heartache(心口疼), stomachache(胃疼), toothache(牙疼)等。
  6. 在泛指疼痛时,上述复合词是不可数名词; 指具体疼痛时,美式英语中是可数名词,英式英语中仍是不可数名词。但headache无论在英美都是可数名词。试比较以下几个句子:

    Sweets give me a toothache.(BrE & AmE)我一吃糖牙就疼。I often get toothache.(BrE)我常牙疼。I often get toothaches.(AmE)我常牙疼。I often get a toothache.(BrE & AmE)我常牙疼。

  7. ache后接介词短语表示疼痛部位时,在ache前须加不定冠词an; 构成复合词时, headache前一般加a, toothache前一般不加a,其他复合词前加a时较多。
  8. 两颗以上牙齿痛,美式英语说teethache,英式英语仍说toothache。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
ache for, die for, hunger for, long for, sigh for, starve for, thirst for
这组短语间的区别是:
1.这组短语都可以表示“渴望得到某物”或“渴望做某事”; ache for和sigh for还可表示“想念某人”; hunger for还可表示“渴望知道某情况”。
2.这组短语都可以人作主语; ache for和thirst for还可用表示身体某部位的名词作主语。
3.这组短语都可以物作宾语; ache for, long for和sigh for还可以人作宾语。
4.ache for和die for多用于进行时态; hunger for和thirst for多用于一般时态; 而long for则可用于各种时态。
5.除starve for可用于被动语态作“缺乏”解外,其他6个短语极少用于被动语态。
6.die for表示的是极端渴望; ache for和long for表示的是强烈的渴望; 其他4个短语所表示的语气则相对较轻。
7.ache for和long for是口语用法; sigh for是文学用语; 其他4个短语则属于比喻用法。
n.(名词)
ache, pain, sting, stitch
这组词的共同意思是“疼痛”。其区别是:
1.pain使用最广泛,可替换本组其他各词。pain所表示的疼痛,可以是全身的,也可以是局部的; 可以是剧烈的,也可以是轻微的; 可以是长时间的,也可以是短暂的; 可以是身体上的,也可以是精神上的。而ache多指局部的、轻微的、持续的身体疼痛,尤指隐痛、闷痛,少指精神上的痛苦。例如“她痛得直叫。”显然是剧烈的、暂时的,故应译为She cried with pain.再如:As the infection developed, the dull ache in his joints became a sharp stabbing pain.由于感染的发展,他关节的隐痛变成了剧烈的刺痛。
2.sting指“刺痛”,主要指植物的刺或动物叮蜇所引起的刺痛,也可指精神上所受到的刺激。例如:
The sting of coral can be very painful.珊瑚刺伤可引起剧痛。
I still feel the sting of her bitter remarks.她的刻薄话现在仍使我感到痛心。
3.stitch特指胁部疼痛且往往伴以痉挛。例如:
All that dancing gave me a stitch in my side.一直跳舞,我的胁部好疼呀!
4.ache可以和表示身体一部分的名词构成复合词,而其他几个词则不能。
Do you have a toothache? Have you got a toothache?
这里涉及的是have作“有”解时构成疑问句的两种结构间的区别。
1.美式英语中只用do have一种结构。
2.英式英语中,“Do you have a toothache?”表示“你常牙疼吗?”; “Have you got tooth ache?”表示“你(现在)牙疼吗?”
3.由于美式英语对英式英语的影响越来越大,上述区别在疑问句中已不严格,越来越多的英国人已经采用了美国的用法。不过在否定句中这两种结构仍有明显区别。试比较以下两句:
  • I don't have a toothache.
  • 我从不牙疼。
  • I haven't got a toothache.
  • 我牙现在不疼。
ache pain sore
这些名词均含有“疼、疼痛”之意。
  • ache:ache指人体某一器官较持久的疼痛,常常是隐痛。
  • pain:pain可与ache换用,但pain既可指一般疼痛,也可指剧痛,疼痛范围可以是局部或全身,时间可长可短。也可引申指精神上的痛苦。
  • sore:sore指身体某部位的痛处,有是也指精神上的痛苦。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的acan,意为受苦。

ache的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

ache的相关资料:

正版词典

aches : 乙酰胆碱酯 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
aches : (持续、并 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

派生词

n.(名词)
  • achy adj. 疼痛的

互动百科

  • aches:acheacheKK: 【ek】DJ: 【eik】 动词vi.1. (持续性地)疼痛Mother says she is aching all over with fatigue.母亲说她累得浑身疼痛…

临近单词

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