accuses

  核心词汇  
[ə'kjuːz]     [ə'kjuːz]    
  • v.谴责;控告;指责
accusingly accuser accused accused accusing accuses
new

accuse是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 谴责
  2. 控诉
  3. 指控
  4. 非难
  5. 起诉
  6. 因某事而谴责某人
  7. 把…归咎
  8. 把某事归罪于某人
  9. 控告某人犯某罪
  10. 提起控诉
  11. 控告
  12. 找…的差错
  13. 找毛病
  14. 指责

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 控告; 控诉; 谴责 say that sb has done sth wrong or is guilty of sth

行业释义

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accuses : 指责, ...
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英英释义

Verb:
  1. bring an accusation against; level a charge against;

    "The neighbors accused the man of spousal abuse"

  2. blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against;

    "he charged the director with indifference"

accuse的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. How dare you accuse me of lying!
    你怎敢谴责我说谎!
  2. We resolve not to accuse them to avoid troubles.
    我们决定不起诉他们
  3. I mustered up enough courage to accuse him.
    我鼓起足够的勇气控告他。
  4. He was accused of incompetence.
    他被指责为不称职。
  5. As long as you do what you can, no one will accuse you even if you fail it in the future.
    只要你尽力而为,即使将来失败也没有人会指责你。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The police accused him.
    警方指控他。
  2. Public opinion accuses corruption.
    舆论谴责腐败现象。
  3. He used to accuse the times.
    他以前老是埋怨生不逢时。
  4. 用于be ~ed结构
  5. He was quite wrong accused.
    他蒙冤被控。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +as n.
  1. They accused his brother as Tom's accomplice.
    他们指控他的弟弟是汤姆的帮凶。
  2. 用于be ~ed结构
  3. He was accused as an accomplice.
    有人告发他是同谋。
其他
  1. The angry man gives her an accusing look.
    那怒气冲冲的男人用责备的目光瞪了她一眼。
  2. Husband and wife turned coldly accusing backs toward each other.
    这两口子冷冷地背向而坐,互相埋怨。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
accuse for (v.+prep.)
  1. 因…而指责某人或某事 say sb/sth has done wrong owing to sth accuse sb/sth for sth

    They accused me for the delay.他们埋怨延误是我造成的。

    Man often accuses nature for his own misfortune.人常因自己的不幸而责怪老天。

accuse of (v.+prep.)
  1. 指责,控告 say that (sb) is guilty of (sth wrong) accuse sb of sth

    The police accused him of murder.警方指控他谋杀。

    He accused the man of theft.他控告那人犯有偷窃罪。

    They accused me of carelessness.他们指责我粗心大意。

    They accused the police of brutality.他们谴责警察的野蛮行为。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was accused of murder.他被指控犯了谋杀罪。

    He was accused of daylight robbery.他被控在光天化日之下公然抢劫。

    The government was accused of incompetence.政府被指责无能。

    Of what was he accused?他被指控犯了什么罪?

    I've been accused of many things in my life, but never of cowardice〔being coward〕.我一生受到过种种指责,但还从来没有人指责我懦弱呢。

    accuse sb of v-ing

    They accused their government of betraying the interests of the people.他们谴责政府出卖民族利益。

    She accused him of lying.她指责他说谎。

    Are you accusing me of cheating?你是在指责我欺骗吗?

    We accused him of taking bribes.我们控告他受贿。

    The report accused the government of shirking its responsibilities.报告指责政府推卸责任。

    The French accuse us of being reserved.法国人指责我们太保守。

    He accused them of having broken their words.他指责他们没有遵守诺言。

    He accused me of having neglected my duty.他指责我玩忽职守。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He is accused of killing ten young women.他被指控杀了十名年轻妇女。

    He was accused of robbing a bank.他被控抢劫银行。

    The man was accused of being a spy.那人被指控是个间谍。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Accuse not a seruant vnto his master.

    出自:Bible (AV): Proverbs

accuse的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. accuse的宾语一定要是被控的人的词,宾语后接of和指所控的罪或过失的词。

    They accused him of murder.
    他们控告他谋杀。

  2. accuse后不可接that从句,如不可说She was accused that ...;
  3. accuse sb of sth/of doing sth中of后强调“指责,指控的内容”。

    They accused Tony of cheating.
    他们指责托尼作弊。

  4. the accused意为“被告”。

    The accused was a young man.
    被告是一个年轻的男人。

  5. 偶尔an accused可译为“一个被告”。

    An accused was released yesterday.
    昨天一个被告被释放了。

v.(动词)
  1. accuse的基本意思是“控告; 控诉; 谴责”,在正式场合或非正式场合、私人或法律上都可使用。在主语方面,主要指官方或个人对某人或他人进行直接地、尖刻地、当面地指责,有时含有诋毁或非难的意思。在宾语方面,多指因粗心、失信或不负责任而受指责。
  2. accuse是及物动词,以被指责的人作宾语,所指责的具体内容须以of引出。不接动词不定式、双宾语或从句。accuse还可接由as短语充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. accuse后接for短语则表示“把某事归罪于某人”。accuse of可接表示罪行错误的名词,也可接动名词的一般式和完成式。
  4. accuse可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
accuse, charge
这组词都有“控告,控诉; 指责”的意思。其区别是:
1.accuse 使用范围较广,主要用于一般的指责,也可用于法律上的正式控告; charge 比 accuse 正式,通常指在法庭上依法控告,也可以引申地使用于指责某人违反公认的行为准则。
2.charge所指控的内容比accuse更严重。
3.accuse后一般接of,而charge后一般接with。
accuse, blame, condemn, rebuke, scold
这组词都含有“骂”“责怪”的意思。其区别是:
1.前四个词均可指“有理由地骂〔责备〕某人”,而scold则不一定有充分的理由。例如:
She is always scolding.她总是骂个不停。
2.blame指因出差错而受责备; condemn指某人有不好的行为而受责备; rebuke指因某人有不好的态度而责备; 而accuse多指因粗心、失信或不负责任而受指责,有时也作“控告”“谴责”解。例如:
It's all my fault.I'm to blame.这都是我的错,都怪我。
I did not condemn him for what he had done.我并没有因他的所作所为而指责他。
She rebuked her lawyer for his authoritarian attitude to his clients.她指责她的律师对待委托人的命令式态度。
They accused me of carelessness.他们指责我粗心大意。
3.accuse常用于accuse sb of sth结构;而blame常用于blame sb for sth结构。
accuse charge
这两个动词均有“指控、谴责”之意。
  • accuse:accuse普通用词,正式或非正式场合,私人或法律上均可用。被指控的情节可轻可重。常与of连用。
  • charge:charge常与accuse换用,但charge多指较严重的错误或罪行,而且往往向法庭提出正式起诉。
blame accuse condemn scold denounce reproach rebuke
这些动词均含有“责备,非难”之意。
  • blame:blame普通用词,语气较弱,仅是一般的责难、归咎于,不含用语言责骂之意。
  • accuse:accuse语气比blame强,本义为归罪,可用作指非难或谴责之义。
  • condemn:condemn正式用词,表示谴责,有较强的司法意味,侧重从道义或原则上的谴责。
  • scold:scold普通用词,多指上级对下级、长辈对后辈或雇主对雇员的态度粗暴、言词激烈的数落。
  • denounce:denounce与condemn同义,但着重公开性。
  • reproach:reproach侧重指因他人粗心、自私等引起不满而去指责、找岔。
  • rebuke:rebuke多指上级对下级进行的公开、强烈、严正而不宽容的责备。隐含一定权威的意味。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:the other driver accused wilson for driving dangerously.

    纠正:the other driver accused wilson of driving dangerously.

    翻译:另一个司机指责威尔逊开车太过危险了。

    分析:accuse后加of后强调“指责,指控的内容”,of不可用for替代。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪进入英语,直接源自古法语的accuse,意为宣告,报告;最初源自拉丁语的accusare,意为给理由,负责。

accuse的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

accuse的相关资料:

正版词典

accuses : (以错误或 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

派生词

v.(动词)
  • accusation n. 控告 ‖ accuser n. 原告

互动百科

  • accuses:accuse vt. 控告, 谴责, 非难 英英解释:动词accuse:1. bring an accusation against; level a charge against同义词:impeac…

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