account

  基本词汇  
[ə'kaʊnt]     [ə'kaʊnt]    
  • n.账户;帐目;赊账;老主顾;报告;描述;解释;说明;估计;理由;利益;好处;根据
  • v.解释;导致;报账;把 ... 视为;归咎(于)
accounted accounted accounting accounts
new

account是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 账户
  2. 解释,说明
  3. 帐,帐目
  4. 计算
  5. 理由,原因
  6. 利益
  7. 重要性
  8. 价值
  9. 客户
  10. 报导,描述,叙述
  11. 估价
  12. 考虑
v.(动词)
  1. 击败
  2. 解释,说明
  3. 认为...如何,认为是,认为
  4. 把...看作,可以算作,把...视为
  5. 估计
  6. 对…负责
  7. 导致,产生,引起
  8. 是…的说明,说明…的原因
  9. 查明,了解
  10. 打败
  11. 破坏
  12. 摧毁,消灭
  13. 说明钱财的处置情况,报账
  14. 把…归因于,把…归咎于,把…转嫁于
  15. 解决
  16. 解释(for)
  17. 得分
  18. 赎罪

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]账户 an arrangement that sb has with a bank, etc. to keep money there, take some out, etc.
  2. [C]使用互联网收发电子邮件账户 an arrangement that sb has with a company that allows them to use the Internet, send and receive messages by e-mail, etc.
  3. [C]账目 a written record of money that is owed to a business and of money that has been paid by it
  4. [C]赊销账; 赊欠账; 赊购 an arrangement with a shop 〔store〕 or business to pay bills for goods or services at a later time, for example in regular amounts every month
  5. [C]老主顾 a regular customer; a customer, especially one who has regular dealings with a company
  6. [C]描述; 叙述; 报告 (written or spoken) description of sth that has happened
  7. [C]解释,说明 an explanation or a description of an idea, a theory or a process
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 〈正〉认为是; 视为 have the opinion that sb/sth is particular thing; consider

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
account : 账号 ...
account : 计算 ...
在 《外教社统计学英语词典》 中查看更多...
account : 帐目, 帐单 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
account : 帐目, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
account : 账;银行往 ...
在 《外教社财政学英语词典》 中查看更多...
account : 账户 ...
在 《外教社房地产英语词典》 中查看更多...
account : 账户 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
account : 账目;结算 ...
在 《外教社经济学英语词典》 中查看更多...
account : 账目 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
account : 账户 ...
account : 帐目(单) ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
account : 账目 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
account : 账;账户; ...
在 《外教社市场营销英语词典》 中查看更多...
account : 账号 ...
在 《外教社计算机英语词典》 中查看更多...
account : 广告 ...
在 《外教社广告学英语词典》 中查看更多...
account : 账务 ...
在 《外教社保险英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a record or narrative description of past events;

    "a history of France"
    "he gave an inaccurate account of the plot to kill the president"
    "the story of exposure to lead"

  2. a short account of the news;

    "the report of his speech"
    "the story was on the 11 o'clock news"
    "the account of his speech that was given on the evening news made the governor furious"

  3. a formal contractual relationship established to provide for regular banking or brokerage or business services;

    "he asked to see the executive who handled his account"

  4. a statement that makes something comprehensible by describing the relevant structure or operation or circumstances etc.;

    "the explanation was very simple"
    "I expected a brief account"

  5. grounds;

    "don't do it on my account"
    "the paper was rejected on account of its length"
    "he tried to blame the victim but his success on that score was doubtful"

  6. importance or value;

    "a person of considerable account"
    "he predicted that although it is of small account now it will rapidly increase in importance"

  7. a statement of recent transactions and the resulting balance;

    "they send me an accounting every month"

  8. the act of informing by verbal report;

    "he heard reports that they were causing trouble"
    "by all accounts they were a happy couple"

  9. an itemized statement of money owed for goods shipped or services rendered;

    "he paid his bill and left"
    "send me an account of what I owe"

  10. the quality of taking advantage;

    "she turned her writing skills to good account"

Verb:
  1. be the sole or primary factor in the existence, acquisition, supply, or disposal of something;

    "Passing grades account for half of the grades given in this exam"

  2. keep an account of

  3. to give an account or representation of in words;

    "Discreet Italian police described it in a manner typically continental"

  4. furnish a justifying analysis or explanation;

    "I can't account for the missing money"

account的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. She squared her account at the store.
    她在商店里结清帐目。
  2. We have accounts with most of our suppliers.
    我们与大多数供应商都是实行赊购制。
  3. The agency has lost several of its most important accounts.
    这家代理机构失去了几家最重要的老客户。
  4. This is a particular account of the accident.
    这是一份全面而详尽的事故报告。
  5. She gave an accurate account of the case.
    她对事故做了准确的描述。
  6. His account contradicted itself.
    他的解释自相矛盾。
  7. We must take full account of our difficulties.
    我们对困难要有足够的估计。
  8. On no account shall the Parties evade the responsibility for the loss of profits.
    协议双方均不得以任何理由逃避对方利益损失的责任。
  9. He betrayed all his friends on his own account.
    他为自己的利益出卖了所有的朋友。
  10. He turned his writing skills to good account.
    他利用他的写作技巧来获利。
  11. On that account, it is best to do so.
    根据那一点,我们最好就这么做。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. He has been asked to account for his conduct.
    他被要求解释他的行为。
  2. A man is accounted innocent until he is proven guilty.
    一个人未被证明有罪前,被视为是清白的。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Have you got a bank account?
    你有银行账户吗?
  2. Do you have an account at this store, madam?
    你在这家商店有账户吗,夫人?
  3. I'd like to open an account.
    我想开个户头。
  4. My account is empty.
    我的账户上没有钱了。
  5. The accounts show a profit of £9000.
    账上表明利润为9000英镑。
  6. The accounts show that the business is beginning to improve.
    从账目上看,这个公司开始扭亏为盈。
  7. The accounts were perfectly in order.
    账目丝毫不乱。
  8. They send their account at the end of the month.
    他们在月底时送出账单。
  9. I never bothered to check his accounts.
    我从不费心去查他的账。
  10. She is doing her monthly accounts.
    她正在做每月一次的账目。
  11. I keep my own accounts.
    我自己记账。
  12. My wife handles our household accounts.
    我的妻子负责管理家里的账目。
  13. You must keep your accounts in order.
    你必须把账管好。
  14. He takes care of the business and his wife keeps the accounts.
    他负责照顾生意,他太太则负责记账。
  15. He had to submit accounts of his expenditure.
    他得提交他的开支账目。
  16. My father settles his accounts on the tenth of each month.
    我父亲每月10号结清账目。
  17. Could you please pay your account in full?
    请你结清欠款好吗?
  18. We have an account at Harrods.
    我们可以在哈罗德商店赊账。
  19. If the advertising agency loses the United Beer account, it will make a big dent in their profits.
    如果这家广告代理公司失去啤酒协会这一客户,将会造成巨大的利润损失。
  20. You can find your account in studying hard.
    刻苦学习能使你受益。
  21. He's quick at accounts.
    他账算得很快。
  22. He was finally brought to book for fiddling the accounts.
    他终因造假账而受到处分。
  23. She deposited the check in her account.
    她将钱存在自己的账户上。
  24. How much money have I got left in my account?
    我的账户内还有多少钱?
  25. I have $150 in my bank account.
    我的银行户头上有150美元。
  26. The sum is put down as a loss in the company's accounts.
    这笔款项作为亏损记入公司账目。
  27. In his account it was an excellent piece of work.
    根据他的评价,这是一部优秀作品。
  28. He stands high in their account.
    他们对他评价很高。
  29. Her salary is paid into her bank account.
    她的薪水直接存入她的银行户头。
  30. What's the balance of my account, please?
    请问我的账户上还有多少存款?
  31. Whether you go or stay is of small account.
    你的去留关系不大。
  32. You can have this on account.
    这货你可以赊账买下。
  33. This is so small a shop and we cannot afford to sell things on account.
    我们的店小,赊不起账。
  34. I bought my new camera by paying five dollars a week on account.
    我以每周付5美元的分期付款方式购买了一台新照相机。
  35. Do not on any account be late for the meeting tomorrow.
    明天开会千万不要迟到。
  36. Could you put it on my account, please?
    我能赊账吗?
  37. Please don't cook on my account—I'm perfectly happy with a sandwich.
    请不要为我做饭——我吃三明治很好。
  38. I need to draw some money out of my account.
    我需要从我的账户里取些钱。
  39. He asked the shopkeeper to put this down to his account.
    他叫店员把这笔钱记在他的账上。
  40. According to all accounts the meeting was successful.
    据大家说,会议是成功的。
  41. I think we'd all agree that you turned your negotiating skills to very good account in this afternoon's meeting.
    我想我们看法一致,认为你在今天下午的会议上充分发挥了你的谈判技巧。
  42. He became rich by turning his money to account.
    他有效应用自己的金钱因而致富。
  43. She invested her money to good account.
    她用自己的钱做有利可图的投资。
  44. We must turn our time to better account.
    我们必须更好地利用时间。
  45. The book opens with an account of the ins and the outs of the event.
    这本书以介绍这个事件的原委开始。
  46. Several eyewitnesses' accounts differed considerably from the official version of events .
    几位目击者的叙述与官方报道相差相当大。
  47. Their two accounts are very different.
    他们的两种报道大不一样。
~+ prep. -phrase
  1. He makes much account of her musical talent.
    他很看重她的音乐才华。
  2. There were accounts of the incident in the paper.
    报纸上有该事件的报道。
  3. He keeps a regular account of his income and expenses.
    他对自己的收入和支出经常记账。
  4. Who said I still owed for the transistor?I paid 50 dollars down and gave a good account of it.
    谁说我还欠半导体的钱?我当时付了50美元清了账。
  5. It contains a trustworthy account of the campaign.
    它载有一篇关于那场运动的可靠报道。
  6. Today's paper carries an exciting account of the match.
    今天的报纸刊载了这场比赛的精彩报导。
  7. Don't always believe newspaper accounts of political events.
    不要完全相信报纸的政治报道。
  8. It was Martin who gave a very good account of himself in the match.
    是马丁在比赛中表现得极为出色。
  9. She gave a good account of herself from beginning to end of the Party Consolidation Movement.
    她在整党运动中始终表现得很好。
  10. Keep an account of your daily activities.
    把你的日常活动记录下来。
  11. She gave a thrilling account of her life in the jungle.
    她绘声绘色地描述了自己在丛林中的生活。
  12. I believe you gave a very good account of what happened.
    我相信你对事情发生的经过作了很好的描述。
  13. The biography gives a vivid account of his life and fortunes.
    这部传记对他的生平及其经历的盛衰荣辱作了生动的描述。
  14. The fishermen gave eyewitness accounts of enemy aircraft intrusions into the airspace over the island.
    渔民们讲述他们亲眼看到敌机侵入岛屿上空的情况。
  15. I wish you would give me a more detailed account of your trip.
    我希望你更详细地谈谈你旅行的情况。
  16. She gave us a long account of her trip to Europe.
    她给我们讲了一大堆欧洲之行的见闻。
  17. Following is an account of how the Long March had come about and ended in victory.
    以下是一篇记述长征是如何开始、如何胜利结束的报道。
  18. The boy gave his father an account of the ball game.
    那男孩向他父亲描述球赛的情况。
  19. George gives a good account of himself in the dock.
    乔治在受审时为自己做了好的辩护。
  20. He gave me a full account of his plan.
    他针对他的计划给我作了完整的说明。
  21. I've opened an account with a building society.
    我在一个建筑协会开了一个账户。
  22. He started an account with the bank.
    他在银行里立了户头。
  23. I should manage to square accounts with the bank before the end of the quarter.
    在本季度结束之前我应该设法与银行清账。
  24. I would like to open an account with you.
    我想在你们这儿开个账户。
~+that-clause
  1. On the account that the train is coming, the children are standing clear of the rails.
    因为火车来了,所以孩子们站在离铁路较远的地方。
用作动词 (v.)
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(to be/as+) n./adj.
  1. The teachers account him a good student.
    老师们认为他是个好学生。
  2. We all account him a qualified teacher.
    我们都认为他是一名合格的教师。
  3. I account it a piece of good fortune.
    我认为那是一件幸运的事。
  4. I account myself well paid.
    我认为我所得的报酬还不错。
  5. We account him (to be) reliable.
    我们认为他可靠。
  6. Tom accounts himself (to be) lucky.
    汤姆认为自己运气好。
  7. 用于be ~ed结构
  8. Her brother was accounted a great scholar.
    她哥哥被认为是一个大学者。
  9. Professor Clinton is accounted a famous linguist.
    克林顿教授被认为是一位著名的语言学者。
  10. He was accounted a wise man.
    他被认为是个聪明人。
  11. The event was accounted a success.
    人人认为这次是成功的。
  12. The Chinese people are accounted industrious and brave.
    中国人民被认为是勤劳勇敢的人民。
  13. In English law a person is accounted innocent until they are proved guilty.
    按英国法律,一个人未经证实有罪之前被视为无罪。
S+~+it+ n./adj. +to- v
  1. He accounted it fun to go to sea.
    他认为去海边很有趣。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
by sb's own account
  1. 据某人自己所说 according to what you yourself have said

    By his own account he had an unhappy childhood. 据他自己说,他有一个不幸的童年。

    By their own account, the politicians wanted the matter kept secret. 据他们自己所说,政客们想对这件事保密。

    By his own account the car was coming too fast round the bend. 根据他本人的说法,那辆汽车拐弯时开得太快。

by〔from〕 all accounts
  1. 据说,根据报道 according to what other people say

    By all accounts, it was the coldest night of the winter. 大家都说那是整个冬天最冷的一夜。

    She is, by all accounts, a decent young woman. 据各方面的说法来看,她是个正派的年轻女子。

    I've never been there, but it's a lovely place, by all accounts. 我从未去过那里,但据说是个美丽的地方。

give a good〔poor〕 account of oneself
  1. 〈英〉表现好〔不好〕; 干得出色〔差劲〕do sth or perform well or badly, especially in contest

    The team gave a good account of themselves in the match on Saturday. 这个队在星期六的比赛中表现出色。

    We gave a good account of ourselves, coming second overall. 我们表现出色,总分第二。

of no〔little〕 account
  1. 无关紧要的 not very important

    Emotional matters were of no account to them during the war. 在战争期间,感情问题对他们并不重要。

    His opinion is of little account to me. 他的意见对我几乎没有价值。

    It's of no account to me whether he comes or not. 他来不来对我毫不重要。

    The colour of someone's skin should be of no account. 一个人的肤色应该是无足轻重的。

on account of
  1. 由于,因为 because of sb or sth

    I was absent from school on account of illness. 我因病缺课。

    She can't work much on account of the children. 她主要是因为孩子而不能工作的。

    She retired early on account of ill health. 她体弱多病,所以提前退休。

    She's angry on account of what you said over lunch about her husband. 她对你在午餐时所说的关于她丈夫的话非常气愤。

on all accounts
  1. 在各方面,总之in all facts

    It's best to do so on all accounts. 从哪一方面来看,这样做都是最好不过的。

    You should go with him on all accounts. 不管怎样你应和他一道去。

on no account
  1. 决不; 绝对不not on any account, used to emphasize sth

    On no account must you accept any money if he offers you. 如果他给你钱你绝不要接受。

    On no account must you tell him. 你决不可以告诉他。

    On no account should the house be left unlocked. 离开房子时千万要锁门。

    On no account should the soldiers be blamed for what happened. 士兵们绝对不该为所发生的事受到责难。

    A doctor should never, on any account, break his confidence. 医生无论如何都不能失去信心。

on one's own account
  1. 为某人自己的利益打算for one's own behalf; for yourself

    He betrayed all his friends on his own account. 他为自己的利益出卖了所有的朋友。

    He's doing it on his own account, not for anyone else. 他干这事是为了自己,而不是为其他任何人。

    In 1992 Smith set up in business on his own account. 1992 年史密斯自己开始经商。

    The repairman left his regular job and has gone into business on his own account. 那个修理工辞掉了他的固定工作去自担风险地经商了。

  2. 自愿地because you want to and you have decided, not sb else; at one's own risk

    No one sent me,I am here on my own account. 没有人派我来,我自己来的。

  3. 独力地,依靠自己by oneself; by yourself or for yourself rather than with or for sb else

    He earned £250,000 last year trading stock on his own account. 去年他在自己的股票交易上赚了25万英镑。

on sb's account
  1. 由于某人的原因for sb's sake; because of what you think sb wants

    On his account we miss the bus. 由于他的原因,我们没赶上公共汽车。

    Don't put off the party on my account. 别因为我把聚会的时间推迟了。

    Please don't change your plans on my account. 请别因为我而改变你的计划。

    Please don't go on my account. 请不要因为我的缘故离开。

on this〔that〕 account
  1. 〈正〉由于这〔那〕个缘故 because of the particular things that has been mentioned

    On that account he decided to leave the country. 他因此决定离开该国。

    On this account, we're refusing your offer. 鉴于这个原因,我方拟不接受你方的报价。

    She was divorced, and on that account alone my mother disliked her. 她离过婚,就因为这个原因我母亲不喜欢她。

    They were tired, but not any less enthusiastic on that account. 他们累了,但并没有因此而减少热情。

    Weather conditions were poor, but he did not delay his departure on that account. 天气不好,但他并没有因此延期启程。

    I won't be able to come on this account. 因为这个缘故,我不能来。

settle an account 〔accounts〕
  1. 清算,算账end a disagreement or argument with sb by defeating them

    They threatened to settle accounts with those who opposed them. 他们威胁要与反对者算账。

    I have an account to settle with you for calling me a thief. 你叫我贼,我要跟你算账。

take account of
  1. 考虑到,顾及 consider particular facts, circumstances, etc., when making a decision about sth

    The company takes account of environmental issues wherever possible. 只要有可能,这家公司总是尽量考虑到环境问题。

    The teachers promised to take account of the wishes of the parents before making any changes. 教师答应在作出更改前要考虑家长的愿望。

    Britain's tax system takes no account of children. 英国的税务制度不涉及儿童。

    Their estimate of the cost takes no account of inflation. 他们对费用的估算没有把通货膨胀考虑在内。

take an account of
  1. 清算,算账 end a disagreement or argument with sb by defeating them

    Our shop takes an account of stock at the end of every month. 我们商店每月底都要点货。

take into account
  1. 考虑到,顾及 consider particular facts, circumstances, etc., when making a decision about sth take sb/sth ⇔ into account

    If you take inflation into account, we actually spend less now.如果你把通货膨胀考虑进去,我们现在其实花费少了。

    We should take the interests of the whole into account.我们要顾全大局。

    One must take the audience into account when making speeches.作演讲要考虑听众。

    A good architect takes into account the building's surroundings.一位好的建筑师会考虑到建筑物的环境。

    Compensation awards take into account the pain and suffering caused to the victim.赔偿金的裁定额考虑到了受害者所经受的痛苦和折磨。

    His exam results were not very good, but we must take into account his long illness.他的考试成绩不很好,但我们必须考虑到他曾经长期生病。

    I hope my teacher will take into account the fact that I was ill just before the exams when she marks my paper.我希望老师在阅卷时能考虑到我恰好在考试前生病的事实。

    I think you have to take into account that he's a good deal younger than the rest of us.我想你必须要考虑到他比我们所有人要年轻得多。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The defendant asked for a number of other offence to be taken into account.被告要求考虑其他一些罪行。

    Coursework is taken into account, as well as exam results.除考试结果外,课程作业也要计入成绩。

    Your objections will be taken into account.你们的反对意见会得到考虑。

to (good) account
  1. 利用; 从中获得so as to bring advantage or profit

    She put〔turned〕 her computing skills to good account. 她善于利用她精于计算的长处。

用作动词 (v.)
account for (v.+prep.)
  1. 说明〔解释〕…的原因explain the cause of sth/doing sth account for sth

    His illness accounts for his absence.他因为生病,所以才缺席。

    Two things account for its occurrence.发生这件事的原因有两个。

    The poor weather may have accounted for the small crowd.天气不好可能是来的人少的原因。

    Oh well, that accounts for it (=I understand now why it happened).哎呀,原来是这么回事。

    I was called to account for my conduct by the headmistress.我因为行为不检点而受到女校长的斥责。

    How do you account for the show's success?你认为这次演出为何成功?

    You will be brought before the disciplinary panel to account for your behaviour.你将被带到纪律委员会面前对你的行为作出解释。

    How do you account for the dent in the car?你对车上的凹痕作何解释?

    The defendant couldn't account for the fact that the money was found in his house.被告未能对钱是从他家里发现的这一事实作出令人满意的解释。

    A number of factors account for the differences between the two scores.若干因素导致这两个分数之间的不同。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The disappearance of the papers has never been accounted for.那些文件丢得莫名其妙。

    There are reports to be made and money to be accounted for.要写报告,说明钱是怎么用的。

    account for v-ing

    Lack of money accounts for her discontinuing her studies.缺钱是她辍学的原因。

    account for wh-clause

    Can you account for why our team lost?你能说出我们队失败的原因吗?

  2. (数量上、比例上)占be a particular amount or part of sth account for sth

    The Japanese market accounts for 35%.日本市场占该公司收入的35%。

    Repeat purchases account for 73% of our sales.重复购买占我们的销售量的73%。

    Computer software accounts for some 70 per cent of our range of products.计算机软件占我们产品的70%左右。

    North Sea oil accounts for a high proportion of our export earnings.北海石油占我国出口收入的很大一部分。

  3. (尤指在事故之后)了解,查明know where sb/sth is or what has happened to them, especially after an accident account for sb/sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    One small child was still not accounted for.还有一个小孩子下落不明。

    All passengers have now been accounted for.现在所有乘客的情况均已查明。

account to (v.+prep.)
  1. 向(某人)解释provide a satisfactory record especially of money received and paid out account to sb

    He has to account to the chairman for how he spends the company's money.他一定要向主席说明他是如何花公司的钱的。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+形容词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • My accompt of years outscored her own.

    出自:T. Hardy
  • Able to read, write, and account.

    出自:Adam Smith

account的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. on his own account和of his own accord不可混用,前者意为“为了自己的利益地,自己负责地”,后者意为“自愿地,自发地”;
  2. on account of,意为“因为”,现比较少用upon去替代on;
  3. account后可接宾语和表语,且在宾语后偶尔会加上to be,偶尔会加上as,但都不常用。

    I account him wise.
    I account him a wise man.

  4. 注意句子On no account(决不)should we neglect our work中用的是should we,不是we should。
n.(名词)
  1. account 作“账目”解时指的是财政上的收支记录,可用于法人,也可用于自然人; 作“账户”解时可指在银行等(金融)单位开立的用于存取款项的账户,也可指使用互联网收发电子邮件的账户。作“赊欠账”解时美式英语中常用charge account,英式英语中常用credit account。account还可作“账单,交易清单”解。用于比喻account还可作“客户,老主顾”解,通常指有固定购销关系,尤其是赊销协议的单位或个人。
  2. account还可表示“对事件、人物等的叙述、报告、描写”或“对思想、理论、过程等的(尤指对上级的)解释、说明”,可以是口头的,也可以是书面的。
  3. account引申可作“重要性,价值,评价,考虑”解,也可作“好处,用处,利益”“理由,缘故”解,是不可数名词。
  4. 短语 give a...account of的意思是“清账”,作出“报告”或“说明”,在口语里,还可表示“作出…的表现”。
  5. 为加强语气而把短语on no account(决不,绝对不)放在句首时,句子要倒装。
  6. account在英式英语和美式英语中有时用法不同:“他不是重要人物”在英式英语中说He is a person of no account,也可说He is of no account; 而在美式英语中则说He is a no account person.
v.(动词)
  1. account的基本意思有二:一是“解释”“说明”,可指口头或书面地对某事的原因、用途等给予全面详尽地说明。二是“认为”,指对某人〔事,事物〕从总体上或概括地作出判断,多表示肯定。
  2. account作“解释”“说明”解时,是不及物动词,接介词for指根据逻辑、标准、模式等对已存在的事物作出解释或说明(原因); 接介词to表示“向某人解释”。
  3. account作“认为”解时,是及物动词,常接以“as+ n. ”或“to be+ adj. ”充当补足语的复合宾语, as和to be常省略。
  4. account作“认为”解时,可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
take account of, take an account of
这两个短语意思不同。take account of的意思是“考虑到,顾及”; take an account of 的意思是“清算; 算账”。
account, chronicle, story, version
这组词都可用来表示对某事物的“描述”“陈述”。其区别是:
account表示“记事”“叙事”,多指目击者的客观描述; chronicle 表示“记事”“编年史”,指按事件发生的先后顺序所做的叙述或汇报; story 表示“描述”“说法”,常常与另外的叙述形成对照,侧重叙述是杜撰的,或有杜撰之嫌; version 表示“说法”,总是与另外的叙述形成对照,侧重两者的细节和内在关系的不同。
account, anecdote, fable, legend, myth, story, tale
这组词都可表示叙事性的文字。其区别是:
1.account, fable, legend, myth, story, tale是一般用词; anecdote是正式用词。
2.account指对于某事的详细说明,原原本本,有头有尾,多用于报道事实; story指取悦于人的完整故事,有人物,有情节,有头有尾,可口头也可书面,可真实也可虚构,体裁上则既可为诗体,也可为散文体; anecdote指轶事趣闻,一般较短,有趣味; fable指寓言,主人公多为拟人化的动物或非生物,多为虚构,旨在说明一个道理或教训,而寓言则多在结尾处点明; legend 指民间传说或传奇故事,多含虚幻成分; myth指神话,特指与宗教或原始文明有关的故事,多以超人的力量去解释自然现象或人生; tale指故事或传说,即或有事实根据也多添枝加叶或夸张,含荒唐不可信的意味。
account, bill, invoice
account 与 bill, invoice的意思都与账目或单据有关,其区别是:
account 是商业用语,强调金钱、物资或服务的收支情况。bill 指“票据”“凭单”,是对所购货物或所得服务的付款通知单,可以见单付款或记入账内。invoice 指“发票”“清单”,指列有物品细则和服务项目及其收费等的清单。
of no account, on no account
这两个短语意思不同。on no account的意思是“绝不可以”; 而of no account作“无足轻重”“无关紧要”解。
account, report
这两个词的共同意思是“报道”。其区别在于:report表示通过调查作出的官方或正式的说明,通常含有对情况的分析判断; account则仅指由目击者、见证人对事情发生的过程所作的陈述或说明。例如:
The reports are restricted to descriptions, and give no opinions about the facts.那些报道只限于记录事实,而不加以任何评论。
According to newspaper accounts the car was coming too fast round the bend.据报纸报道,那辆车拐弯时速度太快。
account report
这两个名词的有“报道,叙述”之意。
  • account:account普通用词,不如report正式,侧重对亲身经历或目睹之事所作的书面或口头的报道或叙述。
  • report:report正式用词,多指报刊上的报道,强调对情况经过调查或审核后作出的详尽叙述,具有一定权威性。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:the security council is demanding proper accounting of all missing people.

    纠正:the security council is demanding proper accounting for all missing people.

    翻译:安理会需要合理解释失踪人员的记录。

    分析:安理会需要合理解释失踪人员的记录,重点在“解释”上,所以用account for,而非account of。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪进入英语,直接源自古法语的account,意为计算钱的收入和支出;最初源自拉丁语的computare,意为计算。

account的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

网友补充
  • [短语词组]take money out of the bank account 从银行账户中取钱

    贡献者: 踏破红尘 2012-05-14 有用报错
  • [短语词组]give a account描述

    贡献者: 海词网友 2012-04-24 有用报错

account的相关资料:

正版词典

account : 账户,账目 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

派生词

v.(动词)
  • accountancy n. 会计学,会计工作‖ accounting n. 会计,会计学

互动百科

  • account:account n. 计算, 帐目, 说明, 估计, 理由vi. 说明, 总计有, 认为, 得分vt. 认为 英英解释:名词account:1. a formal contractual relati…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    更多>>今日热词