according to

 
[ə'kɔːdɪŋtu:]     [ə'kɔːrdɪŋtu:]    
  • prep.按照;根据;取决于

according to的用法和样例:

例句

用作介词 (prep.)
  1. In dictionaries, words are listed according to their orthography.
    按字母顺序。
  2. The books in the library were distributed according to subjects.
    图书馆里的藏书按科目分类。
  3. According to the old legend, Romulus was the founder of Rome.
    按照古老的传说,罗穆卢斯是古罗马的建国者。
  4. According to facts in my possession he can not possibly be guilty.
    根据我所掌握的事实,他是不可能有罪的。
  5. We will go or we won't, according to circumstances.
    我们或去或不去,都将视情况而定。
  6. He will be punished according to the seriousness of his crime.
    他将据其罪行的轻重受到处罚。

常见句型

用作介词 (prep.)
  1. The man has been in prison six times according to the records.
    根据记录,那个人曾入狱六次。
  2. Courses vary according to the needs of the students.
    课程根据学生的需要而有所不同。
  3. Fill up the form according to the instructions.
    按照说明将表填好。
  4. We've got to cut our coat according to our cloth.
    我们得随机应变。
  5. It is not according to his nature to give praise.
    他本性不喜欢颂扬。

词汇搭配

用作介词 (prep.)
~+名词

according to的详细讲解:

词语用法

prep.(介词)
  1. according to的基本意思是“按照;根据”,可指根据某人的说法、指示,也可指按照某计划、法规等。可以是正式的,也可以是非正式的。
  2. according to还可表示“合乎;符合”。
  3. according to作“根据;按照”解时主要用来引出状语,一般不用来引出表语;作“合乎;符合”解时可用来引出表语。
  4. according to后一般不接opinion, view这类词,也不接第一人称代词me, us等。

词义辨析

prep.(介词)
according to, by, from, in, on, under
这组词的共同意思是“根据”“按照”。其区别是:
according to是这组词中最常用的一个,可指依据某人的话语、说法、指示,也可指按照某计划、法规等,可以是正式的,也可以是非正式的; by的本意是“凭借某种手段、方式”,由此引申出“依据,按照”,其宾语常为某种规则、法规、标准、习俗等; from的本意是“来源”,由此引申出“根据事物的来源判断”; in指“依据”时,仅见于与eye, opinion, view等表示观点的名词或order, sequence等表示顺序的名词连用,还见于in law, in practice, in theory等短语中; on是根据事物发生和存在所依靠的基础这一用法,由此引申为“根据,按照”,与之连用的词一般是表示忠告、规则、命令、指示、协议、建议、原理的名词; under通常指根据正式的协议、法令、条款、合同等,含有在其控制或约束之下的意味。
according to, according as, in accordance with
这组短语都有“根据; 依据”的意思。其区别是:
1.in accordance with可指依照法律、章程、规则、惯例等,强调“和…一致”,也可指依照某一学说或某人的话,即“按照…的观点或说法”; 而according to只指依据某一学说和某人的话等。
2.according to也可作“视(质量、专长等)而定”解,而in accordance with无此义。
3.表示“按照”时, in accordance with和according to引导状语; 而according as引导状语从句。表示“一致”时, in accordance with和according to引导表语,而according as无此用法。
4.在语气上, in accordance with较according to更庄重。
5.in accordance with是正式用词; 而according to和according as是一般用词。
according as according to
都是according+介词的固定搭配。
  • according as:according as表示“视乎”,有depending及according to whether的意味。According as是连词词组,其后接从句。
  • 给他们的赏罚将视乎他们工作的好坏来决定。
  • They will be praised or blamed according as their work is good or bad.
  • according to:according to表示“根据”、“按照”;according to 是介词短语,其后接名词。
  • 寒暑表根据气温的高低而升降。
  • The thermometer rises or falls according to the high or low temperature.

常见错误

prep.(介词)
  1. 依他所见,这是一本很好的书。

    According to his opinion, this is an excellent book.

    In his opinion, this is an excellent book.

    according to一般不能与opinion, view等表示“意见”“看法”的名词连用。

  2. 依我看,租金太高。

    According to me, the rent's too high.

    In my opinion, the rent's too high.

    To my mind, the rent's too high.

    according to不能用来引述自己或某人的言语,因而其宾语不能是人。

according to的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

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